Canoeing - moving through the water with a canoe. For rowing, a rowless single-blade paddle-rower is used. As a sporting discipline, canoeing is part of the Olympic sports of kayaking and canoeing and rowing slalom.
Etymology and Origin Edit
In Russian, traditional canoe means a dugout boat of the North American Indians. Boats of a similar design were used in the settlement of Polynesia and South America.
In the UK, the founder of canoeing, this concept refers to rowing not only in canoeing, but also in kayaking (kayaking), which is technically incorrect, but fully corresponds to the Russian name of the sport.
Sport History Edit
In recent times, canoeing has become a sport. In this capacity, it was first introduced by Scottish explorer John McGregor, who saw a canoe and a kayak in 1858 in Canada. Upon his return to the UK, he built his own canoe and rafted with his help along several rivers of Great Britain, mainland Europe and the Middle East. McGregor told about his travels in a book, and in 1866 founded the Royal Canoe Club. In 1874, the club organized the first canoeing competition, the Paddling Challenge Cup. In 1924, the rowing associations of Austria, Germany, Denmark and Sweden founded the organization. Internationalen Representation for Kanusport (IRK), the forerunner of the International Canoe Federation.
The use of a single-blade paddle is the main difference between canoeing and kayaking, where a two-blade paddle is used. Rowing in smooth water also requires a different canoeist landing: the athlete is on the knee of one leg, placing the other in a bent position in front of him. In rowing slalom, the rower sits on a low pedestal and simultaneously rests on both knees. In other cases: when walking, on tourist trips - the rower can be located in the boat in a convenient way for himself.
The canoe is believed to roll over, but if handled properly, this will rarely happen. Landing in a canoe should be done carefully: you should board the boat in the center, keep as low as possible and hold on to both sides. While in the boat, sharp movements should be avoided and try to keep the center of gravity as low as possible. Canoeing in stormy weather and in strong winds is undesirable.
The sport technique of canoeing requires that the paddle begins to move in a vertical position with respect to the water. At the same time, one hand rests on the T-shaped handle, and the other is closer to the paddle blade. The rowing is carried out by turning the torso, the hands serve as a simple transmitter and are included in the work only at the end in order to lift the paddle out of the water and move it forward.
It is possible to row a canoe together, while rowers should use oars from opposite sides.
Tourist canoes can also be equipped with a small sail and use wind energy to move.
Is it difficult to swim in a canoe
Rowing on such boats requires training even from experienced kayakers. On kayaks, two-bladed oars are controlled using symmetrical rotation. On a canoe, they alternately fall from one side to the other when landing rowers on one knee or on a seat-bank. In principle, to master this method of rowing is easy, especially since the canoe is quite difficult to turn over in relatively calm water. However, before you board a boat, you should take care of the equipment, because swimming on water is always a risk, and it is better to ensure complete safety. In a minimal set, this is a life jacket and helmet. It is important to choose an oar for growth, which should reach the shoulder in length, otherwise it will be inconvenient for them to work. It is advisable to take an unsinkable oar, so as not to lose it with an awkward movement.
In principle, everyone can become a good canoe rower. In order to swim on it, it is necessary, first of all, to learn how to keep balance in the boat, both sitting and standing on one knee. Initially, it is better to work out near the shore for several hours, dropping to the very bottom of the cockpit. As soon as the body begins to automatically take the desired position when turning or slightly tipping the ship, you can go out into the water and hone your rowing technique.
Canoes are very sensitive, so before learning how to row, one must take into account that the boat will respond to weak shocks and prepare for light swings of the oar. He is held with one hand at the top, with the other at a place located 25-30 centimeters above the blade. The hand near the blade palm turns to the side of the ship.
First, the oar is thrown forward, placed above the water, then lowered into it vertically, completely immersing the blade and with it 3-5 centimeters from the middle part. At the first stroke, the oar must be carried as far as possible, but do not bend at the same time and do not rise from the point of support of the body. In water, the blade rotates at right angles to the board, then it is retracted strictly parallel to the canoe body and as close to it as possible. Too wide strokes in this case cannot be done. They will deploy the boat, not push it forward.
The next stroke will go from the hip. When the blade compares with it, the oar rises parallel to the surface of the water, again goes forward, falls into the water, rotates perpendicular to the board, retracts back, and so on. On one side, strokes are done until the canoe accelerates, then you should go to the other side so that the boat does not go in a circle. To do this, the oar is lifted at the moment when it reaches the hip line, placed in a position perpendicular to the bottom, hands are changed (the one from the bottom, put up, and vice versa), then the oar is lowered into the water from the other side and rowed .
Such training continues until the movements acquire automatic rhythm. After that, you can begin to practice the technique of turns. In order for them to be smooth, you just need to row all the time on one side. If you need to turn left, row on the right side, when turning right - on the left.
If you need to turn quickly, make reverse arc strokes. For example, the oar is lowered into the water so that it is behind and lies along the side almost close to it. The torso of the rower first turns to such an extent that the shoulders are parallel to the side, and then quickly returns to its original position. In the end, it turns out a push with an oar that will deploy the boat. Such strokes quickly change the direction of movement of the canoe, but significantly reduce its speed, so they should be carried out once or twice at a time. A similar method of turns is rarely used, because then you have to put a lot of effort to gain speed. So that it does not fall so significantly, when the case is rotated to its original position, the oar is carried out to the side so that it stands perpendicular to the case. There is another way of turning called “lateral attraction”, but to study it you need to gain experience in canoeing.
In the case when two people board the boat, the change of sides must take place simultaneously. It is important that the canoe draft in this case be uniform throughout the volume. To achieve this, you can additionally use some kind of load.
Canoeing Safety Rules
Canoes are very stable, however, water is often poured into their cockpit, and with a large roll, the boat can tip over and people will be in the water. This fact cannot be overlooked. One of the main safety rules when canoeing is always to put on a vest, and not put it next to it if it is hot or uncomfortable! An accident can happen suddenly, and there simply will not be time to put on it.
Another of the most important rules is not to go sailing without first finding out the weather forecast and not taking something with you that can signal rescuers. At high waves, the boat will be turned over, it will be carried along the waves, and those who are ready to provide assistance may simply not see it, nor anyone who needs this help.
And finally, when you go canoeing alone, you should inform friends, relatives, acquaintances of your route, approximate time and place of return. They will be alarmed if something goes wrong and take steps to save.
How to Canoe Against the Current
Of course, training in canoeing is best done in calm water or when swimming with the flow. But it also happens that the boat is brought upstream, and it is necessary to somehow get out of it. What to do in such situations?
Then, when the flow rate does not exceed two kilometers per hour, you can try to go on the oars. If this requires too much effort, it is worth trying to approach the shore and canoe along this part of the reservoir.
On too difficult areas with obstacles, it is better to land on land and carry the boat in your arms.
At medium speed, there is a good way to move forward, involving the use of a rope. It is capable of being carried out by one person who should walk along the shore and pull a canoe on a rope. The main thing is that the angle between the axis of the boat and the direction of the current is small, and then the boat will go easier through the water. If there are two rowers, they can pull the boat for two ropes that are attached to the stern and bow of the canoe.
In order for canoeing training to be effective, you need to at least slightly train your muscles and try to load the body, rather than the back, when rowing. Otherwise, the muscles will quickly get tired, get sick, and canoeing will have to be postponed for a while.
If the training takes place alone on a model that is symmetrical with respect to the midship, and the person prefers a place on the bow, it is advisable to turn the boat aft forward and sit in its bow forward. This will allow you to quickly and correctly master the technique of rowing. If the rower wants to be aft, a load must be put at the opposite end of the canoe to maintain the balance of the boat.
Beginners should always assume that the boat can roll over and take extra clothes with them in a waterproof bag or bag. It is better to fasten it to the body of the canoe, so as not to be carried away by the current. In addition, you should grab another paddle and a scoop for water, which will necessarily fall into the cockpit when moving the oars from one side to the other.