Reflexology (from lat. reflexus - reflected + Greek. λογος - science) is a natural-scientific direction in psychology that considers mental activity as a set of reflexes formed as a result of the influence of the external environment on the nervous system of animals and humans. Reflexology (objective psychology) was limited to the study of objectively observed reactions of the organism of animals and humans to external and internal stimuli, ignoring the “subjective” aspects of individual and collective consciousness.
Reflexology (objective psychology) was developed in 1900-1930, mainly in Russia, and is associated with the activities of V. M. Bekhterev, who set forth his main views in the books “Objective Psychology” (1907), “Collective Reflexology” ( 1921), "Fundamentals of General Reflexology" (1923). The primary sources of reflexology are considered to be works on the reflex concept of the psyche of I.M.Sechenov and the work of I.P. Pavlov. Nevertheless, the term “reflexology” itself was assigned to the teaching and scientific heritage of V. M. Bekhterev, who proposed this name as a universal name for the integral bio-social science of man based on the doctrine of physiological reflexes. In its most extreme statements, represented by the main representatives of reflexology in the USSR, this scientific discipline was supposed to replace a whole complex of human sciences, including primarily psychology. The Bekhterev theory of reflexology in the 1920s was opposed by Lev Vygotsky, who actively developed, however, reflexological ideas within the framework of the self-declared reductionist and mechanistic “instrumental psychology” of the 1920s. The number of reflexologists included V.N. Osipov, G.N. Sorokhtin, I.F. Kurazov, A.V. Dubrovsky, B.G. Ananyev and others.
In 1929, in Leningrad at the State Reflexological Institute of the Brain. V. M. Bekhterev hosted a “reflexological discussion” - a discussion on the topics “Reflexology or Psychology” and “Reflexology and Related Directions”, which aimed at overcoming the mechanistic limitations of the concept from the standpoint of dialectical materialism. Soon, however, the thesis of M. R. Mogendovich was published in the journal Psychology, which claimed that in reflexology “imperialism in relation to psychology is covered by Marxist robes.” The elimination of reflexology as a supposedly independent scientific discipline took place in a legislative manner.
Having arisen in the field of physiology and psychiatry, reflexology has spread to other scientific disciplines and related social practices, such as psychology, pedagogy, sociology and art history.
Despite some achievements compared with behaviorism (the inclusion of consciousness in the subject of psychology, recognition among other and subjective research methods, including self-observation, a description of the relationship between reflexology and psychology as the relationship between mechanics and physics), reflexology failed to escape from the mechanistic interpretation mental processes.
The format of reflexology training in AMO
Part-time education with the use of distance education technologies. Reflexology training is carried out according to an individually drawn up schedule that fully satisfies the client’s employment - thus, training is possible without interruption from production activities.
You can learn about all the details of organizing reflexology courses from the Academy's consultants online.
Before starting any reflexology procedure, a qualified reflexologist first carefully examines each leg. The reflexologist is looking for any abnormalities in your skin, as well as any areas of swelling, poor circulation, and infection. Precautions are taken for infectious skin diseases, such as an athlete's foot infection, which can spread to other areas of your foot and reflexologist's hand. Reflexology points for organs located on the right side of your body correspond to reflexology points found on the right foot, and the corresponding points for organs on the left side are on the left foot. Itchy skin diseases such as eczema and psoriasis are usually treated by stimulating adrenal reflexology points on each leg.
Adrenal reflexology points
Itching of your skin, also called itching, is caused by an inflammatory reaction. This can affect a small area of skin or large areas of your body. Complicated conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, celiac disease, and lupus can cause itchy skin. Reflexological treatment of the itchy center while stimulating pressure points for your adrenal glands located on the inside of each leg, mid sole, under the balls of your big toes, because the adrenal glands produce cortisone, which soothes the inflammatory process and relieves itching.
Other points of reflexology
In reflexology, the body is considered and regarded as a whole. Along with stimulating the adrenal gland points on each leg, other reflexology points can also be worked out to relieve itching. Laura Norman, author of First Steps: A Guide to Reflexology, says your reflexologist can work on your thyroid glasses above the ball of your big toes to improve your overall skin condition, as well as points for your kidney found from diagonals below the points for the adrenal glands to help eliminate toxins. If your itching is caused by dry skin, stimulating the adrenal glands and kidneys can also help your body maintain proper water balance.
Reflexology is basically a safe procedure, but there are times when you don't have to work on your legs. Avoid reflexology if you have a broken leg, open sores or wounds, blood clots in your legs, or suffer from gout. See your doctor before undergoing reflexology if you have poor circulation or any kind of arthritis. If you are pregnant and your obstetrician gives you permission to treat, ask your reflexologist to avoid glasses associated with the ovaries and uterus.
There are other forms of reflexology: palmar (arms) or auricular (ears).
Reflexology is practiced in individual consultations with a trained person, a reflexologist. one session may be enough to feel the result, but more than one is recommended to establish a real improvement.
The goal for the patient is to achieve a satisfactory state of health and its sustainable preservation also ensures human activity.
There are some contraindications to reflexology: recent heart disease, respiratory disease, recent phlebitis, foot injury. reflexology is prohibited during the first three months of pregnancy.
Important: it is also not recommended to use it in case of inflammation or infection of the legs.
How is a reflexologist consulted?
During the first session of reflexology, the reflexologist explains the possible treatment methods and his general state of health to the person.
To complete this assessment, the practitioner examines the feet in search of a possible infection that may contraindicate this manual therapy.
As a rule, each session begins with relaxing movements. The reflexologist then goes around the foot and ankle to detect sensitive areas and stress points. most often, this begins with treatment of the right leg, presentation of the vertebral cone and diaphragm to calm and improve the person’s breathing. A reflexologist quickly massages all areas, and then lingers on areas of tension. Once the right leg is processed, it goes to the left.
The session ends with a relaxing foot massage to wake the body.
If you can not regularly meet with a foot reflexologist, you can always offer a pleasant and effective foot massage at home, following the basic techniques described in specialized books.
Just be attentive to your feelings when handling. There are also many accessories and devices for foot reflexology that relax your legs and stimulate your reflex points.