Blackberry belongs to the family Rosaceae, the genus Rubus (Rubus) and has more than 200 species in nature. Since time immemorial, people have been enjoying the wonderful berries that often grow on the outskirts of villages, behind gardens.
Blackberries were often used as hedges, which neither beast nor humans can defeat. And black and blue berries were an indispensable component of the diet of the whole family. The amazing qualities of blackberries are reflected in ancient legends. According to one of them, blackberries are drops of titan blood that shed it on the ground in a battle with the gods.
The economic value of a blackberry is difficult to overestimate. As medicinal raw materials, inflorescences, fruits, leaves, shoots and roots are used. Blackberry Berries Contain:
- up to 13% sugars (glucose and fructose),
- up to 1.5% organic acids (malic, citric, acetylsalicylic, tartaric, etc.),
- 1.8% pectin substances
- up to 4% fiber
- vitamins C, E, groups B and P,
- salts of potassium, manganese, copper, calcium, phosphorus, iron, etc.
The rich biochemical composition determines unique healing properties - blackberries are a real pharmacy for the human body. In addition, blackberries contain adsorbents that remove toxins from the human body. Moreover, the adsorbents are preserved during processing, which significantly increases the nutritional value of berries.
The productivity of blackberries and its hybrids is several times higher than that of raspberries. Blackberry berries are superior to raspberries in the content of biologically active substances, they contain more organic acids, P-active substances, a wide range of trace elements.
The berries of the blackberry are denser, therefore they are not damaged during harvesting, they are easily separated from the calyx with the fruit, they are perfectly transported, practically do not mold and can be stored in the refrigerator for a long time.
Blackberry industrial cultivation
Blackberry berries are distinguished by their delicate taste and aroma; they combine sugar and acid very harmoniously. They are consumed fresh and dried. They are added to dried fruits for compote, jam, jam, jam, marmalade, marshmallow, jelly, drinks and wines are prepared from them. The blackberry is perfectly frozen. It is also used as a food coloring.
Due to its advantages, blackberries in many countries have become widespread as an industrial culture. For example, in the Tavrida Gardens OJSC of the Bakhchisarai district of Crimea for the fourth year after planting, the yield of blackberry was more than 200 c / ha. Chemical treatment against pests and diseases was not required, row-spacings were not cultivated under sod, rainy summers made it possible to do almost without watering - environmentally friendly products were in great demand. Why not engage in the industrial cultivation of blackberries for large and small farmers, summer residents and industrialists?
The main reason for the small distribution of blackberries in summer cottages and farmers' plots is the lack of basic information about varietal seedlings. For everyone today, the word “blackberry” is associated with its wild-growing forms, found in abundance in forests, mountains and ravines - incredibly spiky branches with leaves strewn from the back with the same thorns and small, but tasty berries. While you get a berry, you will hurt your hands and tear your clothes.
Modern varieties of blackberries are usually bearingless, their productivity is much higher than that of wild plants. The berries are large, juicy, with small seeds, have a set of valuable dietary and medicinal qualities.
Know when the blackberry is ripe
Depending on the blackberry varieties, the ripening time stretches from mid-July to the end of August. Garden blackberry ripens by mid-July, and wild - begins to bear fruit in August. You can also meet new hybrid varieties, which can give two crops per season. The vegetation period of the plant is 1.5–2 months.
In central Ukraine, blackberries are called burns, and in the Caucasus, blackberries. In the photo - there are unripe pink fruits. Berries are not sung at the same time, so they harvest in several stages - until late autumn
Ripening also depends on the location of the blackberry. For example:
- in central Russia, this berry ripens in late July,
- in colder regions, blackberries ripen in mid-August.
It is very important not to miss the ripening of the blackberry - the ripened berries quickly fall off and lose their sweet taste.
Signs of ripeness:
- berries should be black with a gray coating
- the consistency is soft
- a small hole in the center of the drupe is completely filled,
- ripe berries are easily separated from the stem.
Follow the rules for picking berries
When picking blackberries - collection rules:
- For berries should go in warm and dry weather, then they will be juicy and sweet. After rain, the fruits absorb a lot of moisture, and the taste will be watery.
- Berries are picked in the morning after sunrise.
- If you go for forest berries, then choose bushes that are located further from the road.
- Peel the berries carefully. To keep them longer, leave the stalk.
- Cover the collected berries from direct sunlight.
- Ripe fruits are very tender so they do not crumple - do not shake the container.
Properly care for blackberries
|Step 1. Lighting|
- the shrub likes well-lit areas, but can grow in the shade,
- the blackberry ripen in the shade is slower and the berries will not be very large
- the blackberry is drought-resistant, but during flowering and ripening requires abundant watering,
- take warm water, rain water is best
- in the early spring, summer and autumn, pruning is carried out - the formation of a bush,
- all diseased, frozen, dried up and too long shoots are cut off,
- the stronger the pruning of the bush, the larger the berries will be,
- to get a crop next year, they pinch young shoots that have reached a height of 1 meter,
- leave 10-12 buds on each stem
- most varieties winter well
- stems of thermophilic species bend to the ground and cover for the winter,
- usually used for shelter is spruce branches, dry leaves, plastic film
- feed the plant during flowering - once a year,
- for this, manure, peat, bird droppings, ashes are used
- during flowering and ripening weeds must be removed,
- · Regularly loosen the soil,
- loosening is carried out 5-6 times for the current year
- planted bushes in the spring, after frost, when the earth has already warmed up,
- before planting the shoots are soaked in water for 12 hours,
- the pit should be deeper than the length of the roots,
- phosphate-potassium fertilizers and cow manure are added to the hole,
- bushes are planted at a distance of 1.5–2 m from each other,
- in one place a blackberry is able to produce a crop of 10-15 years
- for prophylaxis against diseases, it is necessary to spray with a solution of one percent Bordeaux fluid
- Know the ripening period. It lasts from late summer to mid-autumn.
- Distinguish ripe berries. They are saturated black with a bluish sheen, and taste sweet and sour.
- Remember, garden bushes ripen faster than forest bushes. This is due to the abundant lighting in the garden.
- Do not wait for the fruit in the first year of planting. Berries are formed only on biennial shoots.
- Trim stems 1–2 m in height. So that the berries are very large.
- Insulate the plant for the winter. In order for the blackberry bushes to winter well, it is better to insulate them with spruce branches, dry leaves or a film.
- Watering blackberry bushes. During the period of drought, when the berries ripen, when the blackberry sings, you need to water the plant abundantly.
- Feed the shrub. Fertilizers should be applied once a year during the flowering period.
Video: blackberry what to do with it how to care, crop.
And so on the site planted a variety of Agavam. Its productivity is large, the berries are large. The variety is resistant to drought, unpretentious, although it freezes in harsh winters. But it recovers well, especially after top dressing with organics. In a word, everything with this berry is good, except for one thing - the blackberry has increased spiky. If you do not pay attention to him, after a year on the site you can get impenetrable spiky jungle.
Turnich for bushes
To protect ourselves from injuries during the harvest, we need to make four pipes deeper (about 1 m) at a distance of 80 cm from each other. They made a sort of “turnstile” - a trellis 1.2 m high and 2.5 long. Cut old shoots that have been thawed and removed from the horizontal bar. Tie plants of 4-5 pieces with a rope to the trellis at a distance of about 25 cm from each other. It turned out two straight rows, between which you can go and go around.
Now, when the berry ripens, its children will be able to eat right from the bush. When the harvest is large, we make jam, but be sure to mix it with other berries - raspberries, plums, late honeysuckle, as the blackberry tastes a bit fresh.
Blackberry: medicinal properties and contraindications.
And one more advantage of a blackberry. This plant will not only provide you with delicious berries, but also protect your garden from uninvited guests. During flowering, the whole plant is covered with large snow-white flowers and looks decorative. But if you plant a blackberry at the base of the hedge, then it will create such a barrier that no one dares to break through it. In addition, she has thorns with bent tips. If you fall on such a hook, you won’t be free immediately.
See the green berries of a blackberry:
Medical raw materials and their procurement
She has a very good natural immunity to all sorts of diseases, temperature fluctuations, fungi. Surprisingly, all kinds of pests are absolutely not interested in blackberries.
For good fruiting and preservation in the cold of repair varieties, in the fall they are cut almost to the root.
After the beginning of the first flowering, the blackberry should be fed, for example, with phosphates, but the main thing here is not to overdo it, otherwise the plant may become sick. It is much more important to constantly weed, weed and loosen the soil, moderately moistening it.
. For half a liter of boiling water - 2 tbsp. dry crushed raw materials. Infusion time is 6-8 hours. It is advisable to prepare the drug in the evening, so that in the morning the infusion is boiled for 3 minutes after boiling, after which the product is ready for use. Take on an empty stomach 150 ml three times a day. Indications for use are described previously.
The composition of the leaves is also rich in organic acids, flavonoids and tannins. The composition of the leaves also includes specific alcohol Inositol and a small amount of essential oil, which gives a unique aroma to tea surrogates.
Often in home gardens you can find a berry culture that looks a bit like raspberries, but differs from it in the color of berries - it is garden blackberry - a cultural relative of blackberries, gray, which has long been revered for its medicinal properties. Rubus caesius - so called blackberry in Latin - is in biological relationship with raspberries, so plants have much in common. The dark purple berries of garden blackberries differ from raspberries in their refined, sour taste, and in terms of productivity, the culture can sometimes give odds to raspberries themselves.
The chemical composition of medicinal raw materials
Blackberry berries are harvested gradually, in several stages. Unlike raspberries, they almost do not deform when harvested, are distinguished by better transportability and longer stored at zero temperature.
For fruiting, each year they leave 3-4 shoots in erect blackberry varieties, and 5-7 shoots in creeping ones. Branches are shortened by 20–25 cm, and in the presence of a large number of flower buds, by 12–15 cm. After harvesting, old branches are cut out and new shoots are tied to supports in spring.
In reality you need to be patient and put aside your plan, as its implementation can have negative consequences for you. The implementation of plans this week can entail a lot of complications. Therefore, do not “drive the horses” and wait. Save not only material resources, but also nerves.
The pharmacological effect of blackberries on the body
The blackberry is not afraid of drought, therefore, it does not need regular plentiful watering, which so “ties” the owners to the plots in summer.
Blackberry Shelter for the Winter
All subsequent years of the bush's life, it needs to be fed once a year, best of all with manure, peat or ash. Several times during the summer season, a blackberry bush should be fed with bird droppings.
Blackberry as a remedy
A full-scale study of the composition of the roots of blackberries has not been conducted, since they are not used in official medicine.Garden blackberries are less demanding than raspberries, but they need an “eye and an eye” - a culture requires the constant formation of a bush, is able to quickly occupy new territories and, with improper care, quickly runs wild. If raspberry propagates by the root shoot, and its aggressiveness can be limited by sorrel sowing, then this measure does not hold back the blackberry - the plant is able to take root by the tops of the branches, so it easily overcomes the obstacle.Author, V. G. Shafransky, Ekaterinburg
To make it easier to pick berries, blackberries need to be tied up with a wire trellis. To do this, shoots are spread on both sides of the base and in the form of a fan are fixed to the wire at an equal distance from each other. In the summer, when flowers and fruits appear on them, new shoots will grow from the center of the bush, which must be let out vertically, tying them with a loose bunch in the middle of the fan.Pricking about a blackberry:If you dream that you are tangled in blackberry bushes:
The plant is not picky about the composition of the soil.Many cover blackberry bushes with something like greenhouses already with the onset of the first cold weather, thereby prolonging the fruiting period. But the fertility of garden blackberries is one of the highest, with an average of 10 kg of berries from one bush.Blackberry pruning
. A drink is prepared from blackberries and honey in the ratio: for 2 glasses of water - 250 ml of blackberry juice and 1 tbsp. honey. Boil water first, dissolve honey and add blackberry juice, then bring to a boil. The drink is consumed chilled.Leaf teaThere are no categorical contraindications for the consumption of berries, blackberry tea or the use of blackberry leaves in treatment. Some sources indicate that diarrhea or nausea is possible, but this usually refers to the individual intolerance to the body. Blackberry berries, although they are allowed for use in diabetes mellitus, nevertheless it is appropriate to get additional consultation from your doctor.
Blackberries are able to produce hybrids with raspberries, which is successfully used by breeders to breed new varieties. The well-known "Cumberland Raspberry" - attracting clusters of almost black berries - is nothing more than a hybrid of blackberries and raspberries.To see a blackberry in a dream - to illness or strong feelings.You can do all this in a different way - to tie fruit-bearing shoots on one side of the base of the bush, and growing young ones on the other. Berries are removed from one half of the fan, then these shoots are pruned.
Blackberry in cooking and diet
Your dream indicates that you often suffer from the opinions of those around you. You accept all comments and words that are often abandoned thoughtlessly, close to your heart and sincerely try to change, while losing your personality. You cannot understand one simple, but at the same time logical thing: the more painful you will perceive injections and hairpins, the larger their number will be and the more painful and offensive they will be for you.Very serious life complications are to be expected.Blackberries are not afraid of spring and autumn frosts. The first - because it blooms late, the second - because it still continues to bear fruit.
But, as has been said more than once, blackberries belong to plants that do not tolerate winter very well, with the exception of several varieties. Therefore, her shelter must be approached carefully.In the first year after planting, a blackberry is unlikely to produce a crop. But this fact does not exclude the necessary measures. For example, in the summer, any sort of shoot, even upright, is best tied to a horizontal trellis, and you need to do this with all the shoots in one direction. Next year, the direction of the garter of new shoots should become the opposite. This will contribute to the proper formation of the bush.-
. 250 ml of boiling water - 2 tsp. raw materials. Insist a quarter of an hour. This tea is used for general preventive purposes, adding honey and lemon to taste.Tannins, which are part of the leaves of blackberry, have astringent properties, so they are used to prepare decoctions or infusions for the treatment of digestive tract disorders.Бесспорно, садовая ежевика вкусна и полезна, но ее лечебные свойства не идут ни в какое сравнение с дикой родственницей - ежевикой сизой.
Собирать во сне спелую смородину - знак прибыли. Красная смородина во сне - знак получения известий от любимого человека. Ripe and tasty currants in a dream - the harbinger of good news about success in business.In May-June, the growth of shoots is formed, leaving 5-7 pieces on the bush. All excess young shoots are immediately removed.To see, and especially collect blackberries:
To see blackberry overgrown in a dream:The fruits of blackberry are very useful, large, convenient in transportation and storage and are endowed with a real bouquet of taste sensations.The shoots should be removed from the trellis, carefully laid on the ground and covered with mulching material, it can be dry leaves, straw, earth. And, of course, the first snow copes with this role perfectly.
The benefits of blackberries
- . In the early stages of the disease, as well as with a slight cough, it is advisable to prepare medicinal tea from a mixture of raspberry, blackberry, coltsfoot and linden blossom taken in equal parts. A glass of boiling water will require 1 to 2 tsp. collection.
- The use of blackberry roots is similar to the use of preparations based on its leaves and, in addition, the underground part of the plant increases diuresis (diuretic properties), which serves as a prerequisite for the appointment in case of edema of various origins.
- To obtain a tea substitute, blackberry leaves are fermented:
- You collect blackberries and eat it - if you manage only with failures, rejoice, this dream can be interpreted as a harbinger of loss.
6 in favor of blackberry
- Tip. Pruning, garter to the support and picking blackberries is best done with gloves, since caring for the plant is very complicated by a large number of hard and sharp spikes covering the stems and petioles of the leaves.
- To a very difficult everyday situation
- A miracle will happen in your life soon. At least, this is how you will perceive what happened without finding an exact explanation for it.
- Means that you can hurt people walking and not give it absolutely no value.
- Upright varieties are well propagated by root offspring.
- The formation of stems that have been thawed in the fall, after harvesting.
After harvesting, the old thawed branches are cut out, and new shoots in the spring must be tied to a support.
The dream in which you see blackberries:
You will be lucky very soon. And this will happen in the area where you least expect it. You tend to underestimate your strengths and capabilities, so the fruits of your vigorous activity will be perceived as pure luck.
To losses and serious complications.
Its regular use helps maintain good shape, as this berry can help normalize metabolism, restore hormonal and water-salt balances (namely these factors often affect the appearance of excess weight).
, I.e. those shoots that were cut in the summer should be shortened, leaving 2-3 buds.
. The ratio of sugar to berries is 1: 2. Prepared berries must be kept in the oven for about a quarter of an hour, rub through a sieve and mix with sugar. Next, boil the mixture in the oven until the desired consistency is obtained (the process can also be carried out in a water bath). Pour the boiled composition on a baking sheet and dry in the oven at moderate temperature conditions.
Blackberry roots are dug up in late autumn.
Black berries to tears, and red ones to joy
If the number of shoots in a blackberry is not normalized and the excess shoot is not cut, then it grows rapidly, overshadowing other crops and itself. And in shading, it bears fruit very poorly. It is necessary from the very beginning to shape its shoots in the right direction.
For the best fruiting of already well-established, tall bushes and their formation, in the spring I cut as follows: the 5-7 strongest shoots are cut at a height of 2-2.5 meters and tied in one direction. Young shoots that appear during the summer are directed in the opposite direction.
. The method of fermentation of raw materials is described in the section "Collection and harvesting". A fermented blackberry leaf can be brewed instead of tea, either independently or with the addition of other ingredients: raspberry leaf, lime blossom, etc.
Blackberry fruits are rich in vitamins (carotene, ascorbic acid, B vitamins) and organic acids, among which the highest proportion is malic acid. In terms of carbohydrate content, blackberries are inferior to raspberries, so they have a pleasant sour taste. Glucose, fructose and sugar are distributed respectively, as 3.16%: 3.14%: 0.95%. The optimal balance of sugars and organic acids gives blackberries an advantage over raspberries for consumption by people with diabetes. Blackberries also accumulate a large number of macro- and microelements, the content of which varies depending on the growing conditions.
If you dreamed that you were picking garden berries, then in reality you can enjoy the results of your work. Collecting ripe forest berries means that fate will be favorable to you and give you a unique chance. There are berries - to a new round of love relationships. For a young woman, a dream in which she makes jam from berries means that she seeks to keep her lover, who began to cool towards her.
It should be noted that the blackberry is highly decorative. Its tall shoots have large glossy dark green foliage and, being planted on a trellis 1.5-2 meters high, create a beautiful hedge.
Garden blackberries yield only grapes in productivity. Her direct relative - raspberries, so beloved by all gardeners, loses to her in this matter very significantly.
Many knowledgeable gardeners recommend acting according to the following scheme. In the spring, annual and biennial shoots need to be cut to one level, everything else should be removed almost completely. Harvest from two-year-olds and also trim them thoroughly.
Blackberry biological description
Blackberry is a shrub with creeping or erect shoots. The blackberry root is long-term, powerful, penetrates deeply into the soil, which determines the drought tolerance of the plant and allows it to be grown even on steep slopes prone to erosion and the formation of landslides.
The aerial part of the blackberry is two years old, like raspberries. In the first year, young shoots grow on which the crop of the next year is laid. In the second year, inflorescences appear on them, berries ripen. And by winter, these shoots die off, giving way to new ones.
Blackberry rhizomes give substitution shoots, that is, every year the bush has lashes of the first and second years - some grow, others bear fruit. The leaves are palmate, with three, five or seven leaves, pubescent, with serrated edges.
The flowering of blackberries begins in late May, which protects the bushes from spring frosts. Under favorable conditions, the blackberry blooms until autumn. The flowers in racemose inflorescences are bisexual, self-pollinating, large, with a double perianth. There are a lot of stamens and pistils, pollen and nectar, so bees, flies and bumblebees pay close attention to them, providing additional pollination and increasing the yield.
Each blackberry flower is fragrant in general, but the plant can bloom for several months. First, the petals are opened in the upper part of the inflorescence, gradually flowering drops to the base and ends with the lowest flowers.
In July, the first fruits ripen, the harvest of blackberries begins. Berries not only on one plant, but also in one inflorescence unevenly matureTherefore, the crop is harvested in stages, until the end of October - beginning of November, which allows you to stretch their fresh consumption for a long period.
Blackberry fruits - a combined drupe, conventionally called a berry. Individual drupes are firmly connected to each other and with a soft white bearing and, unlike raspberries, are not separated from the bearing.
The berries are round and conical in shape, the color of different varieties varies from black to red, purple, purple, yellow and white.
In total, more than 300 blackberry varieties are known, which differ from each other by ripening time, the shape and color of berries, resistance to diseases and pests, the shape and color of shoots and leaves. The absolute leader in the cultivation of blackberries is the United States, where more than thirty varieties have been introduced into the culture and harvest tens of thousands of tons of delicacies from an area of 16,000 hectares.
Agrotechnics Blackberry Thornfrey: Features of Growing
It is worth noting the high decorativeness of blackberry plantings. For example, in the uncorrelated Thornfrey variety, shoots reaching are covered with large glossy dark green leaves that turn crimson in the fall and burn under the snow almost until spring.
If you raise the blackberry shoots on a support (trellis, fence, gazebo), you will get a spectacular hedge that looks different at different times of the year. During prolonged flowering, the plant is covered with large (up to in diameter), white with a pink tint flowers, which much more decorative jasmine. Later, the bushes are covered with carmine, dark purple and, finally, black, sparkling scattering of granular ripe berries.
The berries are large, with a diameter of up to 3 cm, sour-sweet, of good quality, transportable. Fruiting is stretched from July to October. Protection from pests and diseases does not require.
Planting is carried out according to the scheme 2.8-3.0 × 1.5-2.0 m (about 2 thousand plants per 1 ha). In household conditions, when the use of equipment is not intended, planting can be denser.
Since seedlings give the first fruits (the so-called signal yield) already in the nursery, then in the planting year you can harvest quite enough, and in the second - an industrial crop, which allows you to recoup most of the costs incurred for laying the berry.
There are no tricks in the preparation of the soil, since the blackberry culture is extremely insensitive to its quality. After continuous plowing, pits with a diameter of 60 cm and a depth of 70 cm are drilled to a depth of 30 cm, local loosening is done. With a large deficit of any nutrients, they are introduced under plowing or at the bottom of the pit, which is then covered with the upper layer of soil.
After planting, the plant is watered twice, with an interval of so that there are no voids in the soil, from which the root system suffers.
Best blackberry planting dates - in the fall - 2 weeks before frosts, in the early spring - before the beginning of active vegetation.
Blackberry seedlings will feel better if the seat is immediately mulled by last year's darkened sawdust. If the sawdust is fresh, they must be soaked well and mixed with humus.
In the future, as necessary, you can feed the blackberry with organic or mineral fertilizers, as it is very responsive to additional nutrition and watering.
In the south, it is better to put the trellis out of reinforced concrete stakes 2.4 m high (as in a vineyard), which are buried in the ground at a distance of 6 m, and to the extreme, "anchor" column, they put a support from the same stake at an angle of Z0— 40 degrees. The first wire is pulled at a height of 80 cm, the next two - through each other.
Young shoots periodically tie up and, directing in the direction where they grow, create a fan formation. With green pruning, no more than ten shoots are left per 1 m of trellis. Length - within which the lashes are cut off approximately in the middle, then they are evenly tied to the trellis.
The shorter the pruning, the larger the berries, although you should not be too zealous, since you can get the opposite effect - an excessively short pruning can provoke violent growth of vegetative shoots.
After harvesting, the fertilized biennial shoots are removed. From the annuals they remove all weak, damaged, thickening and deformed ones.
To date, the most technologically advanced and cost-effective irrigation is drip, although other methods will give a good effect, especially during flowering and pouring berries. Such simple care allows you to annually receive a plentiful harvest.
We are sure that blackberry, a native culture for our regions, will take its rightful place in personal plots and summer cottages, in farm and collective gardens. In our country, the blackberry has a great future, and the one who puts it on his own joy and health, does not fail.
Medicinal properties of blackberry
In folk medicine, blackberries are used very widely - it (all parts of the plant) has pronounced medicinal properties.
Fruit Blackberries have an astringent, hemostatic, anti-inflammatory, pronounced cleansing and diaphoretic effect. Fruits and juice quench thirst and have an antipyretic effect. Ripe berries are used as a mild, laxative, an agent for spastic colitis, and immature ones improve the activity of the digestive organs and act as an astringent for diarrhea.
Blackberry in the form of tea is used as a sedative and restorative, especially during menopause. It is also believed that they regulate the activity of the intestine. Ripe berries improve its motility, while unripe berries have a disinfecting and astringent effect.
Blackberry juice used as a therapeutic and prophylactic agent. For its preparation, only ripened fruits are harvested. The juice has a lot of valuable organic acids, minerals and vitamins. This is an indispensable tool for the care of overstressed vocal cords. Hoarseness very quickly stops if you drink in small sips of warm blackberry juice or gargle with it.
Leaves blackberries exhibit antiseptic properties, improve intestinal motility. To treat diarrhea and dysentery, blackberry leaves and flowers with stems are used, and tea from leaves works very well with bowel diseases. As an antiseptic agent for improving intestinal motility, eliminating persistent heartburn and treating chronic colitis, an infusion of blackberry leaves with calendula flowers is used (2: 1 ratio).
Decoction (10 g of leaves per 1 glass of water) is used for lotions for eczema and skin diseases, for rinsing the mouth and throat with tonsillitis and stomatitis. For medicinal purposes, use leaves and ripe blackberry fruits. The leaves should be young, but already fully unfolded. Therefore, the ideal time to collect them is late spring. Immediately after harvesting, the leaves are dried in a dark, well-ventilated area. Sometimes they even recommend artificial heating (temperature not higher than +40 ° C).
In blackberry leaves contains tannins, organic acids, flavonoids, vitamin C and a small amount of essential oil. Due to the presence of tannins, blackberry leaves are a mild astringent that is well suited for the treatment of mild intestinal diseases accompanied by diarrhea. The tart taste of blackberry leaves in various tea blends is especially pleasant.
Crushed blackberry leaves in the form of poultices applied to lichens and trophic ulcers on the legs.
Raw materials for tea are prepared in the following way. Mix fresh young raspberry and blackberry leaves in a ratio of 1: 2 and leave to wither, and then knead with a rolling pin. Sprinkle lightly with water, put in a linen bag and hang in a warm place for fermentation. After a day, the leaves dry quickly. Store the finished tea mix in a tightly sealed container and brew like regular black tea. It has a delicious taste and aroma.
Various medicinal herbs can be added to the tea mixture. Then the leaves of raspberries and blackberries in it should be one third.
Leaf Tea with Lemon: 2 tsp chopped leaves pour 250 ml of boiling water, insist for 15 minutes, filter and drink, adding lemon.
Tea for the common cold. It “boosts” the body’s own defenses and is effective for colds and mild coughs: a mixture of blackberry and raspberry leaves, coltsfoot leaves, linden blossom in equal proportions.
Tea for indigestion. Such a tea mixture relieves pain in the stomach, helps with diarrhea and bloating: a mixture of blackberry and raspberry leaves, chamomile inflorescences, peppermint in equal proportions. For making tea, tsp the mixture is poured with 250 ml of boiling water, infused for 10 minutes and filtered.
Ice cream with apples and blackberries
Put 450 g of peeled and sliced apples in a saucepan, 2 tbsp. tablespoons of sugar, zest of 1 orange, add 3 tbsp. tablespoons of water. Simmer under the lid over low heat until the apples are soft. Add 250 grams of blackberry, simmer another 1 min to make the juice stand out. Allow to cool. While the fruit is cooling down, put 500 g of vanilla ice cream in the refrigerator so that it melts slightly (about stir it with fruit. Then put in the freezer and freeze.
Apple and blackberry pie with crumbs
Put 3 peeled and chopped apples, 150 grams of blackberries, 2 tbsp. In a saucepan. tablespoons of sugar, a pinch of cinnamon and 21 tbsp. tablespoons of water. Cover and simmer over low heat. Transfer the finished mixture to the mold. Grind 75 grams of butter with 225 grams of flour, add 75 grams of sugar, spread over the apple mixture and bake in the oven at 180 ° C for 30 minutes.
Pear and Blackberry Salad
Peel and peel 500 g of pears, cut into thin slices. Rinse 3 cups of blackberry and place in a colander. Grate 1 lemon zest, finely chop a few blackberry leaves. Mix everything, sprinkle with sugar and put in a salad bowl. Beat 1 cup cream and pour over the salad. Перед подачей на стол украсить блюдо ягодами ежевики, дольками груш и листьями.
Десерт со сливами и ежевикой
Поместить в кастрюлю 275 гр слив, 250 гр ежевики и 3 ст. ложки прозрачного меда, добавить 2 ст. ложки воды и тушить под крышкой пока сливы не станут мягкими Дать полностью остыть. 75 гр песочного печенья раздробить скалкой, чтобы получились крупные крошки. Отложить 2 ст. ложки крошек для украшения. Перемешать печенье с 500 г густого натурального йогурта. Fill half the dessert in 4 bowls (with a capacity of 200 ml). Put a layer of plums with blackberries on top. Then again a layer of yogurt, sprinkle with crumbs. Serve right away.
Blackberry Lemon Pudding
Put 225 grams of blackberry in a mold with a capacity of 600 ml. Beat 25 g butter with 50 g sugar in a large bowl. Add grated zest of 1 lemon. Then, continuing to whisk the butter mass, add another 50 grams of sugar, 25 grams of flour, 2 egg yolks and 150 ml of milk. Beat 2 egg whites in a thick foam and gently introduce them into the mixture. Pour the blackberry with the resulting test. Place the cake tin in a larger container into which water is poured (water level 2.5 cm). Bake at 180 ° C for 45 minutes until brown.