In the wild, hamsters can have a large territory of residence, so when choosing a cage for them, focus only on large enough ones. There are many different forms of cells. Perhaps the most expensive of them is a special cage for hamsters, which has artificial holes. There may be several such cells. By connecting them, you can create a fairly extensive network of holes.
If you are not ready to splurge on special cages, you can limit yourself to a traditional product. Ordinary cells have their advantages, they are quite easy to clean and easy to transport. However, keep in mind that cell sizes must be large enough. Try to choose a tall model, possibly several floors. The Syrian hamster is a very active animal, he will climb up the walls with pleasure. Do not limit its movement to a simple running wheel.
In the wild, the hamster is constantly in search of food, this makes him actively move. The simplest thing you can do for him is to set the wheel in which he will run. Please note that the Syrian hamster can be quite large (up to 25 cm), so choose a wheel of the appropriate size.
If you do not use a special cage with artificial holes, you can make them yourself from improvised means. Similar standards can be made, for example, from a piece of cardboard.
In the wild, Syrian hamsters most often feed on cereals and seeds. You can use a special feed for this, which is sold in pet stores. To feed the hamster, you can use fresh products, such as cauliflower, carrots or corn. Hamsters also enjoy eating apples, bananas, cucumbers, dandelion leaves, melons and other foods.
There are also a number of products that are not worth feeding a hamster. Such products include: raw potatoes, seeds of apples and grapes, seeds of any fruit, confectionery, watermelon, oranges, tangerines, etc.
Disease and treatment
Syrian hamsters are quite strong animals, they rarely get sick. However, there are a number of symptoms that you must pay attention to. For example, a wet tail indicates that the hamster has diarrhea. In the most severe forms, it is observed in rodents up to 2.5 months old. If you find a similar symptom in your pet, contact your veterinarian immediately, he will prescribe the necessary medications for treatment. Seeking help from specialists is especially important if the hamster is still young (several months). At this age, a high probability of death.
If you keep a cage with a hamster in the sun, for example, on a windowsill, build shelter in it, otherwise the hamster may get heat stroke. You can cure it yourself by wrapping the hamster in a towel moistened with cool water. If this does not help, contact your veterinarian.
Be careful if you notice that the hamster is motionless. Quite often, this is due to the fact that he falls into deep hibernation. This happens if the temperature drops below 5 degrees. To wake a hamster, hold it in your hands and hold for 10 minutes. In the future, try to keep the temperature in the room at a level of 10 - 25 degrees.
The Syrian hamster is a fairly large rodent that can be found in nature. The habitat of the rodent is in Iran, Turkey, Asia, the Balkans. Syrian hamsters are bred in captivity. This species was preserved thanks to the work of livestock specialists: there was a period when the Syrian hamsters were considered an extinct species.
The pet looks like this:
- Body length is an average of 20 cm. Large representatives are able to reach 30 cm.
- A rodent weighs about 150 g, but visually it seems more massive.
- The stocky body is supported by short and graceful legs. On the forelimbs there are 4 full fingers and the rudiment of the fifth. On the hind limbs there are 5 full fingers.
- The muzzle of a rodent is round and short. Expressive bead eyes set wide. On the head are small and rounded ears to match the muzzle, which are set wide.
Color and type of coat
Thick wool is often painted in red and sand colors. Thanks to this color, the Syrian hamster is called golden in the people. On the stomach, the wool is colored in lighter colors (beige, sand), the back is colored in dark shades of red. Sometimes the coat of a Syrian hamster is painted white, silver, black, brown, etc. The list can be continued for a long time, but such colors are much less common than red.
Breeders are constantly working on improving this breed. And if earlier it was possible to meet only short-haired rodents, today there are also long-haired representatives of the breed. In general, it can be noted that this interesting animal is smooth-haired.
The price of a hamster depends on its color. So, for example, a creamy or smoky Syrian is more expensive than a regular ginger rodent. This is not due to the fact that such colors look better, they are just less common. Infrequently, black babies and albinos are born among rodents of this breed, whose distinguishing feature is red eyes.
The life expectancy of Syrian hamsters is, on average, 2.5 years. But if the rodent is provided with proper care and proper conditions of detention, it will be able to live about 4 years. Since the average life expectancy of hamsters is 2 years, Syrian hamsters can be classified as long-livers.
The characteristic will not be complete, if not to say about the character of a small animal. The Syrian hamster is an extremely nimble and inquisitive rodent, so it should not be left unattended. These rodents have a calm disposition, although there are exceptions. They are suitable for families who have children. Fluffy pets bite only for the purpose of self-defense, so children should be explained that a rodent is not a toy. Syrian hamsters can also bite a person’s hand if it smells of food.
House for rodents
Syrian hamster must have his own home. In specialized stores there are cages designed to contain small rodents, but such a cage can be made with your own hands at home. The size of the cage must match the size of the animal. It should be done from quality materials.
There should be several zones in the pet house (feeding area, sleeping area and play area). Accordingly, in a miniature cage, a fluffy golden pet will not feel comfortable. If there is no room for a spacious cage, it is better to abandon the idea of having a hamster.
The minimum cell size should be 30 x 40 x 30 (length, width, height). If the Syrian hamster is larger than average, buy a cage whose length is 60 cm and a width of 40. If possible, you can make a two-story cage.
There must be a wheel in the playing area, which can be purchased at any pet store. In order for the pet not to be bored, in addition to the wheel, ladders, tunnels, wooden driftwood, hammocks should be installed in the cage.
When purchasing tunnels, you need to pay attention to the presence of ventilation holes. So that the pet does not have breathing problems while in the tunnel, there should be several along the entire length of the monolithic pipe. More attention should be paid to the diameter of the pipe. Since the manufacturer focuses not on the size of a specific breed of rodents, but on average indicators, Syrian hamsters are not located in all the tunnels offered by pet stores.
In addition to toys in the pet’s house there should be a drinking bowl and a feeder, a toilet, a house for the night. For the toilet use a special filler. You can use sand as a filler.
Since the small animal rests mainly during the day, the house for the night must be closed on all sides. It can be built from any box of the appropriate size by making a hole in it for entry.
It is possible to keep several hamsters in one cage if they grew up together. In this case, you need to choose a spacious cage.
The Syrian hamster is an unpretentious animal. Caring for it comes down to timely cleaning of the cage, drinkers and feeders. Pet apartments are cleaned about once every 5-6 days or as needed. It is impossible to clearly specify the cleaning time: it all depends on the individual characteristics of the pet. During cleaning, they remove the rodent from the cage and wash it with special disinfectants. A general cleaning is carried out monthly, during which chlorine-containing preparations are used. During the general cleaning process all the toys and devices in the cage. The drinker and feeder should be washed daily.
The hamster from Syria is a clean animal; in some special way it is not necessary to look after it. He himself, regardless of whether it is a girl or a boy, takes care of himself. If necessary, comb the hair, if we are talking about long-haired pets. Shorthair representatives of the breed can not be combed. You should also brush your coat if a golden pet doesn’t do it on its own. Prefer dry cleaning. Water procedures provoke stress in pets, and if you do not guess with the temperature of the water, you can provoke colds.
If there is a need for water procedures, do not wet your head and face. At the end of water procedures, the hair is dried with a hairdryer.
In order for the Syrian domestic hamster throughout his life not to get sick, you need to carefully consider the diet. In addition to trace elements, the pet should receive vitamins.
The basis of the diet is a grain mixture. You can make such a mixture at home, but it is better to give preference to ready-made feeds that are in all pet stores. It is difficult to call a Syrian hamster a voracious animal, and cooking food at home in small portions is inconvenient. In addition, the components for preparing the grain mixture need to be stored somewhere. Considering that various bugs with pleasure are brought into them, they should be stored in certain conditions.
Be sure to include vitamin feed in the diet. Since hamsters are omnivorous, you can give them all the fruits and vegetables. It is recommended to give rodents apples, pears, persimmons, zucchini, radishes, herbs and pumpkin. Occasionally, you can give your pet bananas, grapes. In general, fruits and vegetables that grow in Russia should be included in the diet.
What should not be given to the Syrians
Do not pamper your pets with citrus. Still experts recommend excluding cabbage and watermelon. The latter is harmful due to the use of pesticides in its cultivation. If we are talking about fruit grown in our own garden, you can occasionally pamper a rodent by treating it with a small piece of this treat. It is still impossible to pamper the rodent with dairy products and sunflower seeds.
It is important to organize food properly. Since the Syrians rest during the day, it is enough to feed them 2 times a day (morning and evening). Rodents eat moderately, so do not pour a large amount of the grain mixture. As for fruits and vegetables, they need to be given exactly as much as the pet eats. When consuming soured or spoiled foods, Syrians get sick, they have problems with the digestive tract.
In addition to the grain mixture and vitamin feed, furry pets need special crunchy goodies. They are needed in order for the hamster to grind the incisors.
Syrian hamsters boast good health. Disease is often caused by inadequate care or poor conditions. The presence of a health problem is indicated by the behavior of a furry pet. He becomes sad and indifferent to everything that happens, aggressively reacts to people. Some diseases are accompanied by the appearance on the body of ulcers and wounds of unknown origin. With advanced forms of disease in pets, breathing is difficult, diarrhea appears. If a pet itches, it should be examined for lice and fleas.
You can also judge the state of health by the appearance of the hamster's coat. In sick individuals, it becomes wet to the touch, the fur begins to fall out.
Self-medication is strictly prohibited. Only an experienced veterinarian can make a diagnosis, therefore, at the first signs of the disease, you should visit a doctor who, after examination, will prescribe treatment for the pet.
Sometimes a Syrian makes strange noises. Thus, he expresses his emotions (fear, satisfaction, fright). If the animal does not calm down within a few hours, it should be shown to the veterinarian: the pet may be sick.
Reproduction of the Syrians is a rather complicated process. Owners of furry Syrians who have decided to engage in breeding rodents, when mating hamsters should take into account a number of factors. Hamsters can mate only on estrus day. The first estrus appears at the age of 4 months. Accordingly, the female is ready for mating in 4 months. The male becomes an adult a little earlier. He is ready for mating at 3 months of age. After mating, the female Syrian hamster is separated from the male.
A distinctive feature of rodents is fertility. They then give birth to 4 to 15 pets at a time. Pregnancy lasts 2.5 weeks. During pregnancy, the female should not get into stressful situations.
In order for babies to be born healthy, a little protein food is included in the diet of a pregnant hamster (boiled chicken, egg white, high fat cottage cheese).
It is necessary to place newborns with the female who gave birth to them in a clean cage, so on the eve of this event they disinfect in the pet's house. Childbirth is taken in a disinfected glass aquarium.
Cubs immediately after childbirth should not be touched. If a woman in labor smells a stranger, it is likely that she will eat babies. Also eating offspring of a hamster under stress. In general, females take great care of their offspring. During the first 4 weeks of life, babies feed on breast milk.
Determine the gender of the hamster
You can determine the gender of the kids by several signs. First of all, pay attention to the dimensions of the kids. As a rule, females are smaller than males. But it is impossible to rely solely on the dimensions of the rodent in determining sex. To make sure the conclusions made are correct, they take the baby in his arms and turn him on his back, gently holding the skin fold in the neck area. In males, the testicles of the lower abdomen are visible. In addition, the glands located on the abdomen are actively working for them, so in the abdomen their coat is a little damp. You can still distinguish males and females by the distance between the anal and genital openings. In females, it is 2 times larger (2.5-3 mm).
Sex can be determined 4 weeks after birth. Until this time, differences in gender are subtle.
Facts About Hamsters
Many people think that hamsters stink. In fact, an unpleasant odor appears only if the owners do not properly care for their pets.
Interestingly, hamsters do not see the whole world in color, but in black and white. In addition, they do not have good eyesight; therefore, animals in nature rely on hearing and smell, which are well developed in adults.
A newborn hamster has teeth. The growth of teeth in these rodents does not stop throughout life.
Even after the hamsters grow up, they remember their relatives and can easily recognize them.
What does a Syrian hamster look like?
The breed appeared in Syria in the nineteenth century, in the XX century came to Europe. This rodent is called not only Syrian, but also golden or Teddy Bear. It is larger and larger than the jungle and dwarf hamster. The length of the animal is no more than the palm of an adult, about 20 cm. The animal weighs about 120 grams. A large male can reach 200 grams in weight. This variety is the largest among hamsters.
The muzzle of the animal is round, with large black eyes. The rodent has a short downed body and a small, barely noticeable tail. Ears and paws are small, covered with short fur. There are four fingers on the front legs of the Syrian, and five on the hind legs. The rodent stores food in large cheek pouches.
Odor glands, which are actively used by the Syrian, are located on the sides. They look like a cluster of rough moles.
Distinguish animals of long-haired and short-haired. The long-haired rodent has a long and thick fur. The male's hairline is longer than the female’s hair. Syrian hamsters can be of different colors, but the golden color of the fur is more common.
The character of the hamster and its acquisition
The nature of rodents is different, before buying it is advisable to read reviews of Syrian hamsters. They are usually purchased for children, as these animals are calm and complaisant. They are obedient, well amenable to training. Compared to other breeds, Syrians are more lazy and slow.
Syrian hamsters are single by nature, so only one pet can live in one cage. Проживание вместе со взрослой особью вызывает у сирийца стресс, последствиями которого могут быть потеря аппетита, нарушение сна, проявление агрессии по отношению к соседу. После того как зверькам исполнилось пять недель, их отселяют друг от друга.
Наибольшую активность сириец проявляет ночью. In the afternoon he sleeps and almost does not appear from the nest. The animal is perfect for those who are busy during the day and free in the evening.
The price of hamsters depends not only on the breed, but also on the color, place of purchase and age of the animal. Syrians are distinguished by a variety of colors, large size and complaisant disposition, so their cost is higher than that of other breeds. The price for them can be different, since the seller regulates it at his discretion. To navigate the cost of a rodent, it is better to read the reviews of breeders. The lowest price for an animal will be in the bird market, and the highest for breeders. They sell a vaccinated baby with a metric and pedigree, hence the increased cost. A hamster costs from one hundred to three hundred rubles in the market; in a nursery its cost can reach thousands of rubles.
If you purchased a hamster, buy him related products. An animal needs a cage, a feeding trough and a drinking bowl, toys for an active lifestyle and a mineral stone to grind cutters.
Caring for a Syrian Hamster
The care and maintenance of a Syrian hamster raises many questions for breeders. These animals have a flexible disposition, maintain personal hygiene and cleanliness in the cage, therefore they do not require special care. It is unacceptable to keep the animal in a glass jar and feeding food from your table. Care and maintenance at home requires the following:
- The cage or aquarium must fit the size of the animal. In a small area, the Syrian feels uncomfortable, because of which he may have health problems.
- Feed your animal only quality food. In the pet store you can buy specialized food or make a mixture of cereals yourself. Do not give foods that begin to deteriorate.
- Clean drinking water should be in the cage. You need to change it daily.
- As a litter, it is better to use a hypoallergenic material that absorbs moisture and unpleasant odors well. Scraps of tissue and scraps of paper do not block bad odors, so it is better to use sawdust of conifers or corn filler. They not only absorb moisture, but also scare away small insects. The filler should be poured with a layer of 2 cm so that the hamster can dig minks.
- Maintain cleanliness in and around the cage. Twice a week, you need to wash and disinfect the cage, remove food debris, change the filler, and ventilate the room.
- In the room where the animal’s cage is located, there should be no sources of loud sounds and pungent odors.
- The Syrian himself monitors the purity of his fur, so you can not bathe him.
- Periodically show the rodent to the veterinarian. Many diseases, although they have no pronounced signs, are very dangerous for the life of the animal.
If you wondered how to care for a Syrian hamster, remember, the main thing is cell cleanliness and high-quality, balanced nutrition.
How to feed a Syrian hamster
In the wild, this species lives in meadows and steppes, so it should be fed with fresh grass, seeds and mixtures. You yourself can mix corn, buckwheat and oatmeal, flax. Small insects, worms and other protein foods are also good for a hamster's health.
Vitamins must enter the baby's body, so add fresh herbs, fruits and berries. Suitable lettuce, nettle, dill, parsley. Syrians like to gnaw nuts, apples, zucchini, carrots, cucumbers and turnips. To grind the incisors, you can use the branches of apple, cherry, birch and maple.
Do not feed the rodent with dairy products, sweets and citrus fruits. Make sure that the animal does not overeat. The rodent's stomach may not cope with large amounts of food. If you transfer it to a new feed, do it gradually. Make sure that new food does not cause the animal to be allergic.
The best cage for a Syrian hamster
The larger the animal, the larger the cell should be. In a small and uncomfortable cell, the animal may experience stress and develop obesity. The optimal size of the dwelling is 40 by 60 cm. You can combine two cells by connecting them with a maze. Syrians are lonely by nature, so the appearance of neighbors in the cell is unacceptable.
The door of the house should be large enough to fit the breeder’s hand with the pet. The pallet must be solid, mesh can cause injury to the animal.
In addition to the cage, feeders and drinking bowls, the hamster needs a mineral stone for grinding tools, a house, toys and a running wheel. A mobile lifestyle is very important for rodent health. Hamsters sleep during the day and are active in the dark. They can run seven kilometers during the night, so the cage must be located where their tramp will not be heard.
Syrian Hamster Colors
The color of the fur of the animal can be different, but most often it is golden in color. It may look like a shade of mahogany, peach or ivory. The fur on the back is darker than on the stomach. The ears and roots of the hairs on the back are gray.
In the 20th century, a black hamster appeared in France as a result of a mutation. Throughout his body, his coat has a jet black color. Sometimes white spots appear on the legs and chin.
The white Syrian is more shaggy than his congeners. He has thick, full fur, gray ears and red eyes. Representatives of this breed can be beige, brown and red.
Syrian hamsters are smart and friendly animals, which are a pleasure to take care of. To the Syrian hamster always felt comfortable, consider all the features of the breed.