A wasp sting is quite painful, in addition, it can cause an allergic reaction. Therefore, gardeners who find wasps in their area set traps to catch them. It can be either homemade traps or purchased ones.
How to catch wasps? The trap works according to the following principle: there is a bait inside, which attracts insects with its smell. When flying inside, the individual gets into the sticky composition and cannot fly out. Over time, she dies. In some cases, toxic substances are added to the bait to accelerate the death of the insect. But the bees and the axes can smell them and fly by, so such actions are not always advisable.
Wasp sting painful enough
Types of traps
All traps can be divided into 4 groups:
- Simple mechanism with a flat surface.
- The device with cut holes.
- A container with funnels through which insects enter.
- Technical means.
A trap installed on the site will help reduce the number of insects, and the living conditions will become more comfortable, because with their bite, insects not only cause discomfort, but can also harm health.
DIY bait for wasps
Regardless of which trap is chosen, it is necessary to thoroughly approach the choice of bait, because without it it is impossible to lure an insect. The best bait for wasps is sweet liquid foods that have a strong odor. As soon as the wasp feels it, she herself will fly into a trap.
DIY bait for wasps
How to lure wasps? There are several liquids that wasps readily fly to:
- Honey solution. In 1 glass of water, a tablespoon of honey is bred.
- Fermented fruit or berry compote.
- Sweet beer. 50 g of granulated sugar are diluted in 0.5 l of clarified beer.
- Wine vinegar cocktail. To prepare it, 75 g of granulated sugar or honey are mixed with 70 ml of wine vinegar and 0.5 water.
- A wine cocktail is a very aromatic bait. In a glass of white wine dissolve 1 tbsp. l honey and 30 ml of fruit syrup.
- Simple bait - fermented jam diluted with water.
As you can see, the bait is quite diverse. But for the insects to fly into the smell, there should be many holes for the distribution of aroma. To enhance the smell, it is recommended to lightly coat the outside of the trap with bait.
Electric trap bait
Shop mechanisms are represented by several types:
- l Simple mechanisms, inexpensive in cost, require placement inside the bait trap.
- l Traps inside which UV lamps are installed. Insects fly into their light and come across a grate along which current flows. Their cost depends on the manufacturer. So, traps manufactured in the Czech Republic, Sweden, Holland, are of high quality, while being more expensive than devices of domestic or Chinese manufacturers.
In simple traps purchased at the store, bait is also required. For these purposes, use:
- Sweet syrup made using sugar or fruit juice.
- Sweetened water.
- Honey water.
- Meat is better if it is spoiled, or sausage.
Important! Not only sweet smells can attract wasps, but also foods that contain protein.
Homemade wasp trap
Even a child can make a trap for wasps at home. The simplest do-it-yourself trap for wasps is made of a 2-liter plastic bottle. An empty bottle is cut into 2 parts, while the upper part should be smaller. The cut goes approximately at the top of the label. The upper part should be inserted into the lower neck down. It remains only to fasten the two parts together with tape and attach handles for hanging from the wire. Bait is poured inside such a trap. Wasps fly into a trap, they can no longer get out of it. All that remains is to inspect the traps in a timely manner and dispose of them as necessary. For a plot of 5 acres, you will need to make up to 5 traps in order for them to be effective.
Homemade wasp trap
In order for the insects to die in the trap, poisonous substances can be added to the bait. The most popular remedy is boric acid. It has no smell, so insects simply will not feel its presence. There are other insecticides available at the store. They are inexpensive, but they last a long time.
Another easy way to catch wasps is to use tape from wasps and flies. First, they find the places where the most insects are found, and after that sticky tape is hung there. This is a very cheap way to catch insects, but not the most effective, since such traps are not attractive to wasps. The aesthetic appearance of such a tape is rather unpleasant. A bunch of adherent insects move their legs and try to get out. The sight is not pleasant.
You can use a glass jar with a screw cap. A drawing for the manufacture is not required. It is only necessary to pour in the bait and make holes in the iron cover for the hornets to enter. Everything, the homemade product is ready, it is very easy to make it.
Important! In order for the wasp fight to be effective, you should make sure that their nest is not located in the country. They can equip it in buildings or on the site. You can verify this by observing the insects and tracking down where they fly away. Only then can you make a trap.
How does a trap work and when is it needed?
The classic trap attracts the attention of flying nearby wasps with mouth-watering bait. Once in it, the individual is immobilized due to the sticky composition. To accelerate its death, poisonous wasp bait with insecticide content is sometimes poured into the product, but the insect can feel the presence of toxic substances and fly by.
All traps can be conditionally combined into 4 groups:
- Simple traps for wasps with a flat surface.
- Capacity with holes cut into it.
- Containers with funnels through which the victim enters.
- Technical devices (for example, attracting insects with light).
A trap for wasps in nature will significantly reduce the number of insects flying on the site, distracting them from humans. This will allow you to spend time comfortably. Some products can also be used in the house to protect yourself from wasp stings that cause a painful skin reaction.
How to make a trap?
The best way to protect the site from wasps is to destroy the nests, but it is not always possible to do such an operation. It remains to make traps for the wasps with their own hands, the more ordinary plastic bottles serve as the material for the manufacture of these devices. It is best to make traps from containers with a capacity of at least 1.5 liters.
Effective traps can be quickly made using only:
- clerical or construction knife,
- with an awl or a drill,
- with tape.
The knife cuts the conical part of the bottle. A cap is screwed from the neck, and the inverted cone is inserted into the cylindrical part of the container. In the last awl, you need to make holes to fix the wire, with which the bottle will be hung on a tree, shrub or vineyard.
There is no need to tie the cone to the walls of the trap. In this case, the structure will be easier to open if necessary. Scotch tape (or wire) can be used to fix the trap on the trunk, which will make it resistant to strong winds.
Wasps crawl into the funnel, but the vast majority of insects can no longer get out of the bottle. They will try to escape from the trap, climbing along its walls or flying up, but always bumping into an inverted cone.
You can choose beer for the bait.
Of course, wasps can get into an empty bottle only by accident. It is necessary that there is a “proposal” in the container that the insects would not be able to refuse. Wasps are sweet tooth, but do not shy away from alcohol, so you can use as bait for them:
Pouring diluted honey, sugar syrup or compote into the bottle is not advisable, since bees can fly into such a bait, but they do not respond to alcohol. In addition, the bait should not be poured to the very neck.
The efficiency of the trap will increase significantly if insecticides are present in the bait. Then even individuals that have climbed out of the trap will die, and it will be safer to empty it.
As a toxic additive to the bait, boric acid or borax can be used. The additive must be mixed with a liquid. A special drug for wasp control was developed - Otos. Its composition has already included poisonous components and OS-attracting flavors. Bees do not respond to this bait. Before use, "Otos" must be dissolved in warm water.
Bait for wasps can be not only sweet. Insects will flock to fresh meat, liver or fish to get food for larvae.
The design of the meat bait trap is somewhat different. At the bottom of the plastic bottle is fixed (bottom up) a cylindrical container like a plastic container for film. The lidded container can be put on glue. A container without a lid can be glued by heating its edges above the flame and pressing it to the bottom of the bottle.
In the trap body, you need to make several small holes that provide air circulation. Soapy water is poured into the bottle. Its level should be 3-4 cm below the top of the cylinder. To prepare the solution, it is better to use laundry soap, since it does not have a smell. Wasp is much easier to drown in soapy water than undiluted, since a surface with a lower coefficient of surface tension does not withstand the mass of the insect.
Meat trap design
The bait is placed on the cylinder, but only fresh pieces of meat or fish should be put on it, they will not react to rotten wasps. The insect will try to "bite off" as large a piece as possible, therefore, after taking off from a cylinder with a heavy load, the wasp falls into the water.
Other manufacturing methods
They make a trap differently. It is made of 2 plastic bottles. A cruciform cut is made in the housing of one of the containers, into which the conical part from the second bottle is inserted with a neck. A wasp that has fallen into a trap through a funnel-shaped notch is unable to get out of it.
The cover on top of this structure must be screwed. After removing it, the bait can be poured into the container. In the trap you can equip 2 letok. In this case, the smell of the bait will spread more intensively. In traps with side funnels, sweetened formulations are used to lure wasps.
If there is not much wasp in the area, you can make a simple trap by drilling several holes with a cross-section of no more than 8 mm in a closed plastic bottle. Insects climbing inside, in most cases, can not get out. Of course, the effectiveness of the trap needs to be increased by adding a poisoned bait to it.
Two plastic bottle trap
Simple Effective Trap
If there is no time or desire to build a structure for insects, you can make a trap for wasps at home in a matter of minutes. The principle of action is to lure insects, to make their way into the trap. Water is poured into the container, covered with a film with holes, put in the right place. The best option is a glass jar from 0.5 liter to 3 liter.
Do not wash the jam jar, half fill with water, cover with foil, make holes. Wasps flock to the aroma, begin to make their way to food through the holes, immediately drown.
You can not cover the container with anything, but add a little detergent or liquid soap to the water. Effective bait - Coca-Cola, sugar, water, beer. You can just leave a little drink at the bottom of the bottle, cut off the neck, grease the walls with petroleum jelly or vegetable oil.
Used to make a trap a jar with a twisting lid. Bait is poured inside, holes are made in the lid. A photo of the wasp trap is shown below.
To lure an insect into a trap, it must be attracted by aroma. Wasp bait can be sweet, sour, liquid, hard. Adult individuals feed on plant juices, liquid, honey, but they produce protein food for their larvae. Sugar and meat will be equally effective.
Do-it-yourself bait for wasps is very simple. You need to choose the ingredients, put in a trap. Update periodically. To attract insects use:
- Apple juice,
- Coca Cola,
- crushed grapes, other berries,
- lemon juice,
- sugar syrup
- apple, wine, table vinegar with sugar,
- pieces of ripe fruit
Using meat bait to catch wasps is recommended in spring, early summer. At the end of April, the uterus looks for a place to build a nest, and also looks for food for larvae. If she succeeds in catching, there will be no aspen swarm on the site. In other cases, the larvae simply remain without food. To prevent the bait from drying out, add a little water to the bottom of the bottle. Pork, beef, chicken will help to catch wasps for these purposes is not suitable. It is not necessary to use a fresh product, rotten meat attracts insects even more.
A homemade trap for wasps is often placed in an apiary along the perimeter of the site or near the hive. So that the bees do not fall into the trap, they pour in the bait, which is of no interest to them. Bees are indifferent to braga, beer, fish, meat. Pouring sweets, juices, throwing pieces of fruit is not recommended.
Sticky wasp trap
If the hornet family settled near the house, in the wall, outbuildings, periodically fly into the house, you can catch them using masking tape for flies. Hang on the windows, near the door.
In the apiary, in the garden, in the yard use a homemade sticky trap for wasps. You can make it in 5 minutes. For manufacturing, you need a base - a piece of plywood, oilcloth, plastic, wood or other durable material on which you can apply glue.
They buy special non-drying glue used to catch cockroach houses in the garden of ants. Suitable remedy - Clean House, Alt, RaTrap. Apply to the surface with a minimum distance between the strips. The production of one trap takes about 120 g of glue. The finished structure is suspended on a tree, wall, any suitable place.
The main drawback is that not only wasps, but also other insects can fall into the trap. In rainy weather, the trap quickly loses its properties.
If there is no time to prepare the design, but you need to get rid of wasps, you can use any fruit, poison. The easiest way to destroy annoying insects. As a bait suitable watermelon, melon, grapes, ripe apple, flavorful pear. Cut in half so that insects can easily access the juice.
The poison is used without smell, so as not to scare away the pests. Any dust is suitable, powder is boric acid, Clean House, as well as liquid products Lambda Zone, Delta Zone. It remains only to choose a suitable place, leave the bait. A photo of such a trap can be seen below.
If catching pests does not save the situation, you need to start searching for a nest on the land plot, cottage and get rid of it.
Advantages and disadvantages
No insect control method is ideal. Each of them has its own objective advantages and disadvantages.
- Security. Most structures have a simple structure, and their operation does not require the use of toxic substances.
- Environmental friendliness.
- Universality. Traps can be used both indoors and in any corner of the house territory.
- Reusable use.
- Cheapness. Making homemade products requires minimal costs.
But there are also disadvantages, which are also worth mentioning:
- Insects cannot be driven away once and for all. They will be back soon.
- The trap needs to be cleaned or replaced every day.
- You need to cook an attractive bait.
Trap is a primitive way to fight insects. Despite the shortcomings and not the duration of the effect, it is easy to use, and can significantly reduce the number of wasps in the house and next to it.
Shop trap stamps sold in the store
If there is no desire to engage in the manufacture of the structure yourself, then you should go to the store to purchase a ready-made trap. It can also be bought on the Internet.
"Raptor" - a famous company that produces tools to combat various insects. The use of its traps is completely safe for humans and animals, so they can be placed in residential premises. Components of natural origin are used as bait for wasps: sugar, apple flavor and yeast. Insects really like the combination of these smells, so they actively fly into the Raptor trap for wasps and flies through the holes located above. But they can’t get out of there, because they are looking for a way near the walls.
The Raptor trap for wasps can be placed on a hard surface or suspended using the cord that comes with the product
Это высокотехнологичный прибор, созданный специально для уничтожения летающих насекомых, в том числе мух и ос. The principle of its operation differs from most analogues: victims are attracted by light sources - three lamps with ultraviolet radiation, each of which has a power of 20 watts. Their service life reaches up to 10,000 hours, after which the lamps can be replaced.
The device has an extensive range of 200 m. In front of the source is a fine grid under voltage. Wasps attracted by light and heat studied, receive a fatal discharge for themselves and immediately die.
Also on sale is an extensive assortment of prefabricated traps made of transparent plastic. Made from polymers, they have an affordable cost. To catch wasps, you can also use adhesive tapes, known as a means of combating flies, hanging them in the house, on the veranda and even on the street.
Do it yourself
Having allocated a little time and using improvised means, you can make a homemade trap for wasps. No need to buy special materials and tools: useful is what is in almost every home.
To protect the site from insects, one trap will not be enough. It is better to make 4 pieces and hang them in the corners of the perimeter of the site or evenly distributing it on its territory.
The simplest version of the trap
For manufacturing, you only need a large plastic vessel (you can take a light canister or a 5-liter bottle from under drinking water) and a knife. Opening it, pour sweet liquid: you can make a bait for wasps with your own hands, diluting jam or honey in water. A fermented compote is also great.
It remains to close the container, and make a small hole in the lid with a knife. Its diameter should be about a coin, so that wasps can climb into the trap. If a canister is used, then a hole can be made in its upper part. The bait is placed in the garden or suspended by the carrying handle, which is available in bottles of 5 liters.
A simple, but - most importantly - an effective option for making a wasp trap from a plastic bottle is available to everyone. You can use containers with a volume of 1.5 l or 5 l (if annoying a large number of insects).
As experience has shown, it is better to take a bottle of clear or light plastic: wasps fly into them more readily than those that are made of dark material.
To make the structure you will need:
- a plastic bottle is the basis of a homemade salting,
- sharp knife or scissors,
- wire or rope about 50 cm long.
Perhaps all these tools are, perhaps, in every household. When they are ready, you can start making a trap for the wasps with your own hands:
- First you need to take a plastic bottle and cut off about one third of it from the top. To do this, use a sharp knife or secateurs. You must act carefully so as not to get hurt.
- Bait is poured or put into the lower part. Therefore, you need to think in advance what to put in the trap for wasps.
- The upper cut off part will be the “entrance” to the trap for flying insects. Her cap is unscrewed, turned over so that a peculiar funnel is obtained, and inserted into the base with bait.
- Now you need to mount: make 2 holes opposite each other in the walls of the plastic bottle and thread a wire or rope into them. You can tie knots at their edges and pass a large loop through the bottle.
- To increase the spread of wasp-attractive aroma for bait, in the walls, using an awl, create several small holes on each side. The air circulating through them will be filled with a sweet smell and attract insects into a death trap.
It remains only to hang the structure in the chosen place and wait until it is filled with wasps. For a day, it can accumulate about 100 individuals.
Design with 2-3 funnels
By analogy with the previous version, a similar model is made, but from several bottles. In the main of them, holes are made for fastening and 2-3 holes, and the neck is cut off from the rest. They are inserted into the cuts. It turns out a design similar to a trunk with branches. As with the creation of other products, liquid is poured into the trap for wasps.
A bit about lures
No matter how well the trap is made, without the use of products that are of interest to insects, it will be useless. The best bait for wasps is natural sweet liquids that exude a strong odor. Smelling it, insects will go straight into the trap.
Popular recipes for making bait for wasps:
- A solution of 1 tbsp. tablespoons of liquid honey in a glass of water.
- Fruit compote: it is desirable that the process of fermentation begins in it.
- 2 tbsp. tablespoons of sugar per 0.5 liters of light beer,
- 3 tbsp. tablespoons of granulated sugar (can be replaced with the same amount of honey), 70 ml of wine vinegar and 0.5 l of water.
- A glass of white wine with honey (or granulated sugar) with the addition of 30 ml of fruit syrup.
- A popular bait for wasps is jam diluted with a small amount of water.
In order for the trap to work more efficiently, holes need to be made for enhanced distribution of odor throughout the territory. It is recommended to lightly smear its funnel-shaped part with a fragrant bait.
Slices of ripe fruit can be added to the liquid: this will cause a fermentation process.
Boric Acid Addition
Another option is the bait for wasps with boric acid. This substance has been used for many decades to combat cockroaches and flying insects.
The main advantages of boric acid:
- strong toxic effect on the body of insects,
- relative safety for humans and animals, because before, acid was used in medicine for treating wounds for the purpose of disinfection,
- lack of smell
- accessibility - low cost and the ability to purchase the substance in each pharmacy without a prescription.
Boric acid is added in small amounts to baits (for example, beer or fermented compote), which are then poured into a trap tank. Insects that get into it will die faster, which will facilitate the cleaning of the salt water. You can also treat the substance with pieces of raw meat and arrange them at different points in the plot. Wasps, having eaten by it, will perish.
"Adamant" - a purchased remedy
The store sells special products that attract insects. For example, the bait from wasps and flies "Adamant" produced in the form of granular powder. Its color varies from white to beige.
The composition includes two main components. Thiamethoxam is an insecticidal substance that is almost harmless to humans and animals due to its low toxicity. Therefore, “Adamant” is officially allowed to be used in children's and medical institutions, as well as in the shops of food industry enterprises. Another important advantage of the powder is its effectiveness both indoors and outdoors. In addition to the insecticide, the product contains sugar, which attracts wasps.
To enhance the effect of "Adamant", you need to sprinkle the powder with water.
It is simple to use the powder: it is enough to pour in wasp congestion places or place it on substrates (cardboard, plank, etc.). Dead insects need to be cleaned and destroyed in a timely manner, for example, flushing into the toilet or burning on fire. The more traps, the better the result.
Before using traps for wasps, you need to inspect the site and the house. If insect nests are found, then the struggle will be ineffective: new individuals will begin to appear again and again, so the effect will remain almost unnoticed. In this case, more radical measures need to be taken. If the number of wasps on the site is small, then the traps will be an excellent means of destroying them and protecting them from their painful bites.
What to consider when making a trap?
Simple devices, which are plastic bottles, can solve the problem of protecting garden plots from wasps. However, the effectiveness of the traps depends not only on correctly selected bait.
Designs for catching insects should be made only from transparent bottles (the letka can also be cut from dark plastic).
In a transparent container, the wasp is completely disoriented. In addition, insects swarming in such a bottle attract other wasps to the trap.