Date of publication: 07/13/2016
Where and how to learn to sew? The abundance of tutorials, training videos, amateur and professional courses, professional areas at educational institutions is so great that the problem boils down to choosing the type of training and its duration.
Some mistakenly believe that the main thing for mastering the craft is to buy a professional sewing machine and an overlock. Unfortunately, this is not enough. Understanding fabrics, building patterns and adjusting the product to a shape are tasks no less important for a seamstress than creating straight lines. And to learn this on your own is somewhat more difficult.
The first way: independent development of the profession
For those who want to learn how to sew only for themselves, self-study is a good solution. Today on the Internet there are many sites and video tutorials with step-by-step instructions for sewing various products, fabric selection tips, cut examples and other useful information. Books and thematic magazines are also a good help in mastering sewing.
Having enough free time, patience and zeal, you can learn to cut and sew on your own, and having an innate talent and creative thinking, you can even start creating your own models. However, in order to surpass the amateur level, it is still desirable to receive professional training.
The second way: training in a specialized educational institution
If the goal is to make the seamstress profession a matter of life, it is worth getting a specialized education. To work in a factory or in an atelier, it is enough to have a diploma from a sewing college, school or technical school. But if you want to go further, it is worth thinking about higher specialized education. This will help you to climb the career ladder and reveal your creative potential by creating copyright models.
The third way: sewing and sewing courses
Courses are a great opportunity to learn how to cut and sew for yourself and decide on the correct choice of a profession. A qualified specialist will clearly and clearly explain the intricacies of the technology of cutting and sewing clothes, focusing on the main points, teach you how to use sewing equipment, understand the types of fabrics and features of the figures.
Paid courses pay off quickly. Savings on repairing clothes will reimburse expenses. In addition, the acquired knowledge and skills will allow sewing custom-made clothes for relatives, friends and acquaintances, and in the future you can open your own business.
When choosing courses, give preference to those where theory is reinforced by practice. It is impossible to learn how to sew only by taking notes. Good courses necessarily require extensive practical exercises to consolidate knowledge and develop skills.
What qualities are important for a seamstress?
The seamstress profession was highly valued at all times, but only a few became successful. The work of a fashionist, dressmaker, seamstress, fashion designer, everyone who devotes life to sewing is complex and painstaking, therefore, to succeed, you need to make a lot of effort and develop professional qualities in yourself.
Everyone knows the proverb “Meet by clothes ...”, so the first impression is important: a neat seamstress and a well-groomed workplace. And it’s even more important to become the “master of thread and needle.” To succeed, you need to have qualities such as:
- good memory,
- sleight of hand,
- sensitive fingers
- rich imagination,
- accurate eye
- artistic taste.
Although personal qualities are important in the profession, the main role is still played by professional knowledge and skills.
Feel that this profession suits you? Go for it! Demand for good seamstresses is always high, and besides, you will not have to face the eternal problem of “nothing to wear.”
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ChOU DPO "OTs" Aristek "
Government Education Committee
St. Petersburg No. 3354 dated 03/13/2018
Upon completion of training is issued
in accordance with the law
"On education in the Russian Federation" No. 273-FZ
Why I decided to become a dressmaker
My name is Evgenia Vladimirovna, I am 48 years old, I live in the city of Ussuriysk, and for almost 30 years I have been working as a tailor tailor. From early childhood I constantly sewed, cut, embroidered something. My dolls were the most fashionable and richly dressed, the envy of girlfriends. The secret was that there was an atelier near my house, and every evening the cleaning lady carried out a heap of colorful scraps of fabric into the container that stood at the entrance. Despite the general shortage, any kind of tissue could be found in the container. Brocade, velvet, pieces of fur. Probably, it was then that my dream of becoming a tailor was born. In the working village where I lived, there was no educational institution for training tailors or at least seamstresses. And this, as it turned out, is a different profession. I will talk about this a little later.
What is the difference between a seamstress and a tailor
After finishing the 8th grade, I entered the vocational school No. 28 of the city of Ussuriysk, where I learned to be a seamstress in less than three years. It was then that I realized that a seamstress is not quite what I dreamed about. I wanted to become a tailor.
A tailor is distinguished from a seamstress by a higher qualification; he can cut a product into finished patterns, sew a product from beginning to end, while a seamstress specializes in performing a specific sewing production operation. As a rule, a tailor works in an atelier for repairing and sewing clothes on individual orders, and a seamstress works in a mass, in-line production at a factory where all operations of the sewing process are clearly distributed among the workers.
I wanted to learn how to do everything myself - from beginning to end. Having learned to be a seamstress, I entered a technical school. Three years later she received the specialty of tailor cutter. Now I knew and knew everything that was needed for sewing clothes. I could design and cut any model. In any case, I was sure of that.
I do not regret at all that I began to learn the profession from the very beginning, because the subtleties of sewing later came in very handy in my work. I learned to understand the tissues, the intricacies of caring for them, I knew what number of needles and threads to choose when working with a particular fabric. I knew how to fix any sewing machine, adjust the stitch - in a word, I was not afraid to spoil the thing. Getting the profession of tailor tailor, I learned how to build patterns, take measurements, make changes to existing patterns. I was completely ready for my first job. How to look for a first job? .
Employment and joy from work
My first job was an atelier tailoring studio. I got a job easily, because after graduation I received a diploma with honors. Still would! I studied with great pleasure.
Then I didn’t understand why during the interview How to successfully pass an interview and get a job, the manager was very happy that I had never worked in a factory in continuous production. It turns out that working on one operation, the girls lose the skills that they get in educational institutions.
After working in a factory, getting in an atelier will be much more difficult. At first in the studio I worked as a seamstress. The cutter brought me ready-made details. I just had to first sew them “on a living thread”. After the first fitting, if everything turned out just right, the seams were sewn together for readiness.
I did not work with clients of the studio, all the actions to discuss and sketch the model were carried out by the cutter. He did the fitting. I really liked the work, but still I wanted more. I wanted to tailor the products myself, to offer customers models and options that were born in my head right on the go.
Career growth in a sewing studio
Sitting above the sewing machine, I thought that here I could offer a more interesting product, and here I could add a finishing line. However, soon the studio manager noted my work and transferred me to the cutters.
At first, my mentor from experienced cutters helped me, but after half a year I was able to work myself. I was very interested in working with customers. Of course, not all clients agreed to accept my ideas and suggestions, but there were those who asked for advice. And here I gave free rein to my imagination. And again, I did not feel full satisfaction, because it was not me who sewed things!
How I opened my studio
The solution came only in the late 90s, when I was able to open my own studio. I did not experience any particular difficulties with customers, by that time I already had many clients who wanted to sew clothes exclusively with me. I invited some girls, and we started to work. Of course, it was not easy for me. In addition to sewing orders, I had to control the quality of the work of my employees (I really valued the reputation of the studio), bookkeeping How to become an accountant (at the first stage I could not afford to hire a specialist), meet and escort clients.
When things went uphill, I hired an accountant to manage my financial and tax affairs. At the reception I took a sweet and smiling girl who was very versed in fashion and knew how to communicate with customers. Now I could completely devote myself to my favorite business. And you know, even after 30 years, it is still the same favorite and interesting for me.
Is the game worth the candle? How much profit does the studio make
Definitely worth it! Even when I worked in the studio, I always got a very decent salary. Of course, I don’t remember what amounts we are talking about, but it was definitely enough for me to be able to rent excellent housing, eat well and also travel. Then I traveled almost the whole country. And I was able to save up for opening my own business. After all, I had to rent a room, draw up paper, buy equipment. When I opened the atelier, for the first time I felt a lack of funds, because I was used to living on a grand scale, but after 2 years everything returned to normal, I could travel again, now abroad.
Even in the difficult years of perestroika, my favorite business brought me a decent income. Now my average salary is 180-200 thousand rubles a month. This is the income from sewing my products, and the money that the girls who work in the studio bring to me. And this - without taking into account the fact that I pay taxes, rent, wages to an accountant and administrator - is clean.
Earnings tailor depends on what you sew, with what speed and quality, from the place of work (the reputation of the company is very important). But, of course, the highest incomes come from working in well-known modeling agencies or in your own studio.
Tailor average salary
The girls who work in my studio earn differently, depending on the number of orders. If it is not important for the client who to sew from, then I try to distribute orders evenly so that everyone can ultimately make good money. Their earnings range from 25 to 60 thousand rubles. And, I must say, our studio is not the most expensive in the city.
Pros and cons of the tailor profession
My profession is not only earnings, but also the moral satisfaction that I receive every day. To say that my family and I are always beautifully and tastefully dressed, I think, is not worth it. I sew for myself and my loved ones absolutely everything - from corsets to fur coats. In the process, I learned furrier. When it was difficult to get good bedding, I sewed him. My daughter's New Year's costumes have always been the best. And, of course, a stitched item is not only original, but also not as expensive as a thing bought in a fashion boutique.
On the minuses of the profession I can only say that it takes away health. You must carefully monitor your vision and condition of the joints. Having lost sight, you will lose work. The same can be said of hands. Even small manifestations of arthritis, osteochondrosis, or other similar diseases can put an end to your professional activities.
The essence of the tailor profession
In fact, there are many specialists involved in cutting fabric and sewing finished products. However, it is the tailor who has a comprehensive understanding of how to create a finished model of clothing from a fabric blank, and then fit it according to the figure of the client.
At the same time, the tailor profession has quite a few narrower specializations. There are those who work exclusively with leather and fur; there are specialists who sew clothing from textiles. But the top of skill is the universal tailors.
The functional list of this specialist, in addition to cutting and creating clothes, must include the following:
carrying out repair work on products,
work with fittings and other elements of decoration,
cleaning and packaging of products
work with reporting documentation.
In order to fulfill his duties, a specialist must know:
methods of cutting, darning, processing seams, as well as cleaning various products, depending on their materials,
the principle of using various tools and equipment,
rules for labeling and packaging of finished products.
Work as a tailor is only possible with skills and appropriate education. However, to be successful in the profession, the tailor also needs a developed aesthetic taste, an understanding of the characteristics of human figures, the principles of fashion. The next step here is, as a rule, the profession of fashion designer. So the tailor should always follow fashion trends and novelties.
The tailor profession has its own physical limitations. For example, people with vision diseases, poor hand mobility, and nervous system disorders are not suitable for working as tailors.
Place of work and working conditions
The tailor has many options for employment: an atelier, private enterprises for the sewing of clothes, shoes, accessories. There is an option for employment in mass production - textile mills and factories.
Another option for a specialist can be considered a pedagogical activity. There are quite a lot of educational institutions, as well as a variety of courses at the moment. A separate option is opening your own business (atelier) and executing private orders.
Therefore, the tailor can choose not only the most suitable place of work, but also the schedule, as well as working conditions. For its activities, it is extremely important to have an equipped comfortable workplace with good lighting.
Where to learn the profession of tailor?
It is possible to master the profession of tailor in various institutions of secondary vocational education. Much attention in the curriculum of future tailors is given precisely to the development of practical skills and techniques. For this, all students undergo practical training. There they work under the guidance of experienced professionals and adopt their professional secrets.
Of course, being a tailor earlier meant having a family business that has been passed down from generation to generation. In this case, it was naturally a matter of transferring one's skills and learning the matter in practice.
However, in modern studios and large enterprises there is no time (and no reason) to teach someone from scratch. They prefer to hire ready-made specialists.
Tailors Salary Level
There are enough vacancies of tailors in the labor market, however, ateliers and enterprises most often require specialists who have already taken place, with work experience from 1.5 to 3 years.
On average, a specialist can earn about 40,000 rubles a month. It should be noted that the salary value largely depends on the skill of the tailor himself. So his salary may well reach 100,000 rubles. Of course, the most advantageous offers are at the enterprises of individual tailoring, which are engaged in exclusive clothing. However, the qualification requirements there are the most stringent.
Who is a tailor?
The tailor is a representative of the craft profession whose main job is to make clothes: from cutting fabrics to connecting parts and decorating the finished product with decorative elements. Tailors, in the literal sense of the word, are today called masters who work on individual orders. Most often, their place of work is an atelier of individual tailoring.
The name of the profession comes from the old Russian word "pirt" (fabric). It follows that the tailor is the one who works with the fabric. The history of the profession dates back to the 3rd century BC. in Ancient Greece, where the first workshops for the production of material and sewing clothes from it appeared. Starting from the 15th century, tailors not only sew, but also develop new models of clothing. The highest castes of tailors is fashion designers, creating ready-to-wear and haute couture clothing. Such specialists form not only style, but also fashion as a whole.
With the development of sewing technology and the translation of the sewing process on an industrial scale, narrow specializations have appeared within the profession, dividing the sewing stages into separate specialties. In particular, one can distinguish the most common specializations, such as:
- дизайнер – разрабатывает новые модели одежды и визуализирует их в эскизах,
- закройщик – специалист, который изготавливает лекала для модели и производит раскрой ткани,
- швея-мотористка (or just a seamstress) - connects the cut details and finishes under the guidance of a tailor and cutter.
If we talk about a tailor who carries out individual tailoring, then his professional duties include all stages of making clothes: measuring client’s parameters, making patterns, cutting products according to patterns, marking control signs and lines, sewing details, performing wet-heat treatment, the correction of inaccuracies revealed during the fitting, the finish of the neck, the design of the sleeves, the bottom of the product and fasteners, as well as a number of other operations aimed at giving the finished product the maximum lecternal appearance.
What personality traits should a tailor have?
Tailor's work requires representatives of this profession to have the most conflicting personal qualities. On the one hand, a tailor should have pronounced creative abilities, and on the other hand, only specialists who are meticulous and disciplined can endure the monotony and painstaking process of making clothes, which is not typical for creative people.
In addition, in the performance of professional duties, the tailor will be very useful for such personal qualities as:
- impeccable sense of style
- stress resistance,
- ability to draw and draw,
- volumetric eye
- vivid imagination
Add to this knowledge of mathematics (more precisely, geometry), the ability to understand materials, their properties and quality, the ability to read drawings and present them (drawings) in finished form, as well as well-developed fine motor skills of hands (after all, a tailor works with small objects: needles , with pins, delicate mechanisms of a sewing machine, etc.) - and in front of us there will be a complete portrait of the overlord of "thread and needles."
The benefits of tailoring
It so happened that it is impossible to live in the modern world without clothes. Moreover, according to popular wisdom, they are met by clothing (that is, they make a first impression). Therefore, specialists able to make clothes were and will be needed always and everywhere. And this is the most important thing the advantage of the tailor profession. Even if the master does not have large orders, then there will always be some small work: hem the trousers, shorten the blouse, change the old coat.
In turn, if there is work, there will be a stable income. Moreover, the income from tailors is pretty solid, since even the economic crisis cannot force people to refuse to buy clothes. Note that tailors making clothes for individual orders receive the greatest income. There are no upper income limits in this segment, and Russian masters such as Vyacheslav Zaitsev and Valentin Yudashkin, who achieved not only world fame, but also financial independence, can serve as a vivid example of this.
By the way, a set of sewing accessories: needles, threads, a sewing machine (this is the minimum) is easily accessible and available in almost every home, therefore a specialist can always not only earn extra money, but also start his own business without major financial investments.
And most importantly, the ability to create bright and beautiful models of clothing allows the tailor to always dress fashionably and stylishly, and at the same time not to spend a huge amount of money on the purchase of wardrobe items from leading Fashion Houses.
Disadvantages of the tailor profession
Since the tailor sews clothes mainly for strangers to him, there is a high proportion of the likelihood that the tastes of the master and client may not coincide, or they will have a different vision of the same model. And this is perhaps the main lack of tailor profession.
In addition, inexperienced tailors often make mistakes that lead to damage to the material, which means unforeseen material losses. Indeed, the master has to pay for spoiled material from his own pocket: either reimburse the client for its cost, or buy a similar one.
This profession also has medical flaws. The fact is that in the process of the tailor's work, the eyes of the specialist experience the greatest load. Therefore, occupational diseases of the tailor profession are considered to be eye diseases.
Where can I get a tailor profession?
Get a tailor profession You can in one of the many specialized technical schools or colleges, which, incidentally, are available in any city in Russia. It doesn’t matter which educational institution you choose, because the quality of education in this specialty is almost the same everywhere. But it must be borne in mind that secondary special education will open the door for you only in the world of a tailor-craftsman, but not a tailor-fashion designer.
You can become a professional of the highest class only after graduating from a higher educational institution, where you will add to your already acquired skills knowledge on the use and composition of fabrics, the necessary skills in developing models and styles, and also will teach you how to work with color solutions. And here it is advisable to make a choice among the best universities of the textile industry of Russiawhich include:
- Moscow State Textile University named after A.N. Kosygin,
- St. Petersburg State University of Technology and Design,
- Kama Institute of Art and Design,
- National Design Institute of the Union of Designers of Russia,
- Moscow State University of Design and Technology.