When to collect walnuts? The ripening period of such valuable fruits falls in the fall. It is this time that is rich in the harvest of various crops. By the way, the average life expectancy of a walnut is 400 years. Depending on the variety, the fruits have a different shape: round, oval, ovoid, and are enclosed in a green pericarp, which gradually, as the ripe, turns black and crack. The surface of the shell is often smooth, large and small wrinkled, sometimes tuberous and has numerous cells. Walnut is a thermophilic culture, requires a lot of sun and a high average annual temperature.
Signs of ripeness
When can walnuts be harvested? Often, the tree itself makes it clear that the fruits are ripe and ready to eat. The plant generously shares the crop, simply dropping it to the ground. This eliminates the need for nature to collect nuts at a height that, by the way, can reach 35 meters. Therefore, everything is simple: you just have to bend over and collect nuts from the ground.
Many may wonder how and when to pick walnuts. The ripeness of the fruits can be judged not only by the fact that they crumbled to the ground, chopped green shells are another sign of the ripeness of the fruits, the collection of which is best done with gloves, because the released nut juice leaves persistent dark spots on the skin. If the green peel is not fully opened, then a small knife can be taken to help. There is another tricky way to release nuts, for which it is recommended to immerse them in water: the fruits will remain at the bottom, and the green peel will pop up.
Features of harvesting walnuts
How to determine the ripeness of the fruits, it seems to be clear, it remains to find out when you need to collect walnuts. The term for their mass collection falls on September-October, one tree can produce from 100 to 300 kilograms. Walnut blossoms in April-May, begins to bear fruit from 7-10 years of age, some varieties are pleased with the harvest for 3-4 years of planting. After collecting, the nuts need to be spread in a thin layer and dried, periodically turning over. The yield of dry raw materials that can be collected in a bag and determined for storage will be approximately 25%. The attic is quite suitable as a room, in any case, the place intended for storage should be dry and cool.
If there is an intention to preserve nuts for 2-3 years, then several manipulations should be performed. The fruits need to be immersed for 7-8 hours in salted boiling water, dried and bagged. Heavily dried nuts can be revived by soaking them in salted water for 5-6 days. To get a good harvest, the walnut tree must be fed with organic fertilizers.
When to collect walnuts in their milk stage
Green walnuts are known for their beneficial properties. It was during this period that an unripe fruit with an unhardened kernel, which was in a gelatinous state, and a shell that was not formed into a strong shell, soft, juicy and easily cut with a knife - is most recommended for harvesting. When to collect green walnuts in order to best use their beneficial properties? On the eve of the holiday of Ivan Kupala (July 7) - the most optimal time for harvesting healthy raw materials.
Green nuts should be easily pierced with a large needle, while there is abundant leakage of juice from the hole. Vitamin C is 50 times more in green nuts than in oranges and 8 times more than in black currants. When you can collect green walnuts - it is clear: this is the beginning of July.
The collected raw materials must be washed, dried, cut into slices and placed in dry jars, pouring sugar in a ratio of 1 to 2. Next, the glass containers must be covered with clean lids, placed in the refrigerator. As the liquid appears, the latter must be drained and used throughout the year, adding to drinks, but no more than a tablespoon. Such an extract is an effective treatment for intestinal infections accompanied by diarrhea. Dosage for an adult - 1 tbsp. spoon 3 times a day, for children - a teaspoon.
Recipe for alcohol tincture of green nuts
Cut 30 unripe fruits into a bottle, add alcohol and insist on the sun for 14 days. After this time, strain, add sugar to taste to the remaining squeezed fruit, add alcohol (or vodka), insist for another month and strain. For taste, you can add cinnamon or cloves. Take after a meal of 30 grams.
Medicinal properties of walnut leaves
When to harvest walnuts? It is autumn - that time of the year, which generously rewards with such useful and beloved fruits. It is worth knowing that in the walnut tree its leaves are also useful, the decoctions of which well help with skin, gastrointestinal and female diseases. As a therapeutic raw material, bright green young leaves are selected, pinching them from the central petiole. Harvesting is recommended in dry weather, the month of harvesting is June.
Drying is required in the shade, under a canopy or in a ventilated area. Store dried raw materials in a cool, dry place in paper bags. The smell of walnut leaves drives flies away. It is precisely because of this peculiarity that nuts were planted in places where it was planned to gather important people, discuss plans, and wait a long time. In small doses, the smell of walnut leaves is pleasant for a person, to a large extent causes headaches and sleep disturbance.
Walnut leaf decoction
To prepare a healthy decoction, 250 grams of dried leaves need to be poured with a liter of hot water and boiled in a water bath for 20 minutes, then cooled, filtered and added to the bath or used for skin diseases in the form of lotions. Infusion of walnut leaves is an effective means of general strengthening action, it is recommended for loss of strength, irregular menstruation, gastroenteritis, atherosclerosis. Often used in combination with other medicinal plants.
It is recommended to use walnuts to everyone, especially people of advanced age, because fatty oils that are not saturated with acids are useful for atherosclerosis. Walnuts are useful for people experiencing significant physical exertion.
The benefits of walnut pericarp
The collection of pericarp is made after harvesting the fruits. They need to be cut in half, and then dried in a warm room or in a dryer at a temperature of 30-40 degrees. The yield of dry raw materials is 20%. Dried leaves and pericarp, a decoction of which is characterized by anti-inflammatory and wound healing effects, are successfully exported. They treat ulcers, boils, stomatitis, tonsillitis, frostbite. A tablespoon of raw materials must be poured with a glass of water, boiled for a minute, insisted for half an hour, filtered and taken a quarter cup before meals 3 times a day. The infusion of nut pericarp is recommended for menstrual irregularities, whitening and bleeding, especially uterine. To prepare, you need to fill in 5 tablespoons of raw materials with a half liter of water, boil for a quarter of an hour, insist for about 30 minutes, strain and use as a wound healing agent.
When picking nuts: signs of maturity
The knowledge of the month in which walnuts are harvested when grown in a particular region, allows the gardener to get the most ripe nuts at the lowest cost. The fact that they are very fond of eating birds and squirrels negatively reflects on the volume of the crop. And they know exactly when and where to collect walnuts with excellent taste. At the right time, the fruits taken from the trees have many useful properties that remain in them for one to two years when placed in conditions favorable to this.
What pay attention when collecting nuts:
- One of the most noticeable signs is cracking of the soft amniotic membrane. More favorable conditions for ripening prevail on the lower branches, where the first ripe fruits are located.
- The leaves of a tree with ripening nuts grow dull and turn yellow.
- Estimated harvest dates are easy to determine, knowing its variety. The technical characteristics also indicate the yield of walnut from one tree.
- As a rule, the fruits of trees that bloom in spring reach maturity in August-September, and those that bloom in June from the third of September.
- Ripe nuts form a hard shell, the kernel under which remains moist, which makes it seem heavy.
What month is walnut harvested
Gardeners with good experience sometimes start peeling nuts even before their shells crack, counting. They do this, as a rule, from the last week of August to the third week of September. To do this, green nuts are simply knocked together with a stick, collected and packaged in wooden boxes. Ripening of fruits occurs already in this form for two to three weeks in a cool place.
Many, when they collect nuts according to this system, proceed from the opinion that it is more reliable to harvest the crop before overexposing and suffering losses due to birds and rodents. After ripening in the boxes, the fruits must be dried thoroughly so that they can be stored for more than one year.
What month is walnuts harvested
A little later they collect walnuts in Krasnodar. The fact is that most varieties suitable for the local climate do not reach maturity until mid-September. Despite the late harvest, its volume and average size of nuts in this southern region are very impressive. Some locals know where to collect walnuts in Krasnodar, and go to the forest belts in early autumn. Here the plant is well distributed in its natural form. Those who manage to harvest the wild harvest first get a few bags of nuts for the winter.
How to collect walnuts
Without knocking down the branches, the walnut is not harvested on one or two days, this procedure is often delayed for weeks, since the fruits fall gradually as they ripen. First of all, you should know that nuts that have fallen to the ground must be collected within 24 hours. After they need to be cleaned of dirt and sent to dry. Nuts that have been lying for several days in the ground are unsuitable for storage, since they are highly likely to become infected with mold.
Unfinished bare nuts or with a tight-fitting and integral shell are knocked down with a stick and poured into buckets or boxes for ripening. They should be kept separate from those that fell from the tree themselves. Those gardeners, from whose trees all fruits are easily knocked down, can collect the entire crop in a day, sorting it for ripening and drying.
Nuts with cracked shells that still hold on the branches can be removed by shaking the branches. True, this method is most useful when growing those varieties with a slight fall of the crop.
In order not to damage the soft shell of the fruit during the fall, gardeners use a special tool that can be done independently without difficulty. It is a long stick with a bag. Such a device makes it possible to pluck nuts from the ground.
When picking walnut leaves
The chemical composition of the foliage of walnut trees makes them a source of many biologically active substances. Thanks to them, the therapeutic use of herbs helps in the treatment of many diseases, enhancing immunity, increasing overall tone. The highest concentration of beneficial components in greenery is observed at the turn of spring and summer. This is especially noticeable in the strong balsamic smell. Therefore, it is necessary to collect healing raw materials for future treatment at this time.
Walnut tree leaves
Where to collect walnuts in Crimea
In ancient times, walnuts were imported into the Crimea by the Greeks, but the plant liked the local climate. Now this tree grows as a full heir to the range. At the turn of the XIX-XX centuries, Crimea was one of the largest regions producing walnuts, but by the middle of the last century this status had lost.
Nevertheless, the tree today freely grows throughout the peninsula. In general, it can be assembled almost anywhere. The main thing is to choose the right moment so that the fruits are ripe and healthy.
How to store collected walnuts
After collection, the nuts are dried to maintain a healthy composition for a long time. For this, a 5-6-day drying on the litter is carried out. It is advisable to do this on the street, but in the absence of such an opportunity, the home floor will do.
For effective storage for more than six months, you need to dry the walnut in a warm oven for 50-60 minutes. It is necessary that the temperature is low, so you can slightly open the oven door.
After a good drying, the nuts should be poured into boxes or cloth bags and stacked in a dry place without a lot of light with an ambient temperature of about 15 ° C. The balcony is not a suitable storage room. It often has high humidity, due to which the nut affects the mold. The risk of infection increases dramatically with humidity above 70%. High temperature and plenty of light also do not contribute to long-term storage. This results in the oxidation of fatty acids, and the product acquires a rancid taste.
How to store peeled kernels
Shell-free kernels have a much shorter shelf life. The maximum preservation of useful properties can be achieved in the refrigerator by putting there a tightly closed glass jar with peeled nuts. So they can remain in their best form for at least six months.
To disinfect the cores, it is also recommended that they be calcined in the oven at low temperature. It is important that no oil leak from the product during this procedure. Otherwise, the nuts will taste bitter.
WALNUT CUTTING. BRIEF ABOUT THE MAIN. (Jul 2019).
English walnuts are usually harvested from late August to September and make a great addition to a modest pantry (it's hard to argue with free food). So, grab some buckets and untie your inner squirrel on the tree next to you.
Time required: Depending on the size of the crop. Set aside at least an hour.
What are you doing:
Check for maturity.
Wait until nuts with split husks appear on the ground. Then open a few nut samples to check for maturity. English walnuts are ready to be harvested when the fabric between the kernel and shell turns brown.
Collect the walnuts.
Once you are ready, you can collect the nuts in one of two ways: pick them from the ground when they fall, or shake the tree to knock them out. The second option, of course, will give you a foot on squirrels and beetles, which will just as willingly claim nuts. If you decide to go along the wood-burning route, first apply an old blanket or sheet under a tree, so that the nuts will be easy to find.
Remove the husk.
Pull the husk to open the flaky nuts. (The coat should be easy to remove if you pick up the nuts at the right time.) Be sure to wear gloves for this step. Pewter tannins will stain your hands differently. Note: If the husk is black and difficult to remove, it works from a walnut husk that lays eggs inside the husk. They do not harm nuts, but they are sure that it is rather difficult to remove the husk.
Rinse the sinks with a powerful tannin removal hose. Do not do this on a concrete road or other surface that you worry about painting. Then let the shells dry.
Check the quality.
Inspect the walnuts for cracked shells and discard anything that shows signs of damage.
Dry the nuts.
Put the nuts on a screen or in a rack, somewhere warm and dry, and let them air dry for two weeks.
Remove a few nuts from your shell and try to break them in half. If they break cleanly, the nuts are dry and ready to eat.