This article is for those who are prone to fainting. Oddly enough, fainting is not such a rare occurrence; about a third of healthy people experience them. Fainting is sometimes frightening, especially if you experience it quite often. In addition, this can lead to constant anxiety and stress. Being prone to fainting, you risk seriously harming yourself, because fainting can happen at any time. To learn more about fainting and how to deal with them, skip to the first step. We hope that our article will slightly protect you and your loved ones.
Every third person lost consciousness at least once in his life.
Scientists at Dayton University believe that fainting in most cases is provoked by low pressure. If everything is fine with this indicator and the blood circulates through the veins, delivering oxygen to all parts of the body, then a person will not face loss of consciousness.
In the case when the pressure is very low, the heart rate slows down significantly, and the blood that is circulating at this moment simply does not have time to fully supply the body with the necessary dose of oxygen. When blood is already retained in peripheral tissues, this leads to an even greater drop in pressure, and as a result: fainting.
All syncopal (fainting) conditions occur in three stages. The first is fainting, when circles and “flies” appear in front of your eyes, you feel dizzy, rolls up a feeling of nausea and nausea, rings in your ears, and dizziness is felt. Moreover, if a person is moved to a horizontal position, then all these symptoms and weakness can immediately pass, and loss of consciousness will not happen. The second stage is fainting. It can last from a few seconds to a couple of minutes. And the third stage is post-syncope, when a person comes to himself, feels weakness and drowsiness.
What to do if you or someone close to you faints? First of all, you need to try to pick up a person so that he does not get injured when falling. Do not try to raise the victim - it should be placed so that the legs are higher than the head. It is necessary to unfasten the collar, loosen the tie, maximize the flow of fresh air and, if possible, remove the person from the stuffy room. The cold water and the inhalation of ammonia bring well to life. The patient should lie until he is finally relieved, in no case should he get up abruptly, otherwise he may faint.
If suddenly you yourself felt that you were about to lose consciousness, then do not be shy to ask for help. If possible, sit down (or rather lie down) or group yourself so that you don’t get injured if you fall. Crouching, try to lower your head below heart level.
The causes of loss of consciousness are many. But if the attacks are repeated often, do not postpone going to the doctor.
What could be the cause of fainting?
- Mental trauma, stressful situation, severe fright,
- blood loss and even regular blood sampling for analysis,
- severe pain, especially unexpected as a result of injury,
- a sharp rise from a sitting or lying position,
- forced prolonged immobility (for example, during a lesson at school),
- being in a stuffy room,
- severe overheating
- breath holding
- weakness due to malnutrition or lack of exercise,
- violation of the heart and lungs.
As a rule, fainting is preceded by symptoms such as a sharp blanching, feeling of lightheadedness, nausea, dizziness, darkening in the eyes, ringing in the ears. Sometimes this is the case. But more often the patient loses consciousness, slowly settles on the floor. His breathing becomes shallow. The pulse may not be detected on the wrist, but it is on the carotid artery. Usually a swoon lasts 10-50 seconds, after which the patient wakes up. For a while after passing out, he still feels weak and nauseous.
How can I help a person who has fainted?
Lay it on your back. Raise your legs 30-40 centimeters above the body. In this position, the flow of blood to the head increases. In this position, you should stay 15-20 minutes. Open your collar and tighten your breath.
It is necessary to ensure the flow of fresh air. In addition, you can attach a towel dipped in cold water to the patient’s head. In order for a person to recover faster, bring ammonia to his nose.
Remember that if you pass out for more than five minutes, you must call an ambulance. You may need an injection of caffeine or cordiamine.
How to prevent loss of consciousness?
If you have to stand for a long time in a stuffy room or in transport, from time to time, tighten and relax your muscles. It stimulates blood circulation.
In the event that you feel an approaching state of fainting, try to sit down and lower your head as low as possible - put it on your knees if possible. Take a few deep breaths.
If you or a relative of yours is prone to fainting, get involved in prevention. You need regular exercise that reduces the level of excitability of the vestibular apparatus. In the case of arterial hypotension, take general strengthening drugs and drugs that increase blood pressure.