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Belly singing has become an example of what a “beautiful voice” should be like; perhaps Beyoncé or Christina avoid such high notes. This is the sound that can be heard most often in the musical theater and on the radio charts. And this was previously considered a sign of underdevelopment or illness! True, unfortunately, if you do it wrong, it becomes harmful, so before you start working on your upper chest voice, make sure that you do it right!
How to sing belly
Proper vocal breathing is diaphragmatic-lower-silver breathing. It is called both “breathing by the diaphragm” and “breathing by the stomach,” which makes the essence of this type of breathing easier to understand. In total, there are three main ways to breathe: clavicular, thoracic and abdominal (it is also diaphragmatic-inferior).
The clavicular type of breathing is also called upper breathing, in which the shoulders rise and the upper ribs open. You cannot breathe like that while singing - you will get an uncontrolled non-vocal sound. Clavicular breathing in ordinary life occurs in people with respiratory diseases, stress, etc.
Breast breathing involves the work of the central part of the lungs, while chest breathing expands. In another way, chest breathing is called intercostal.
Vocalists breathe in the abdominal way, i.e. involve the muscles of the diaphragm, filling the middle and lower parts of the lungs with air. At the same time, the singer's lower ribs expand, and his stomach sticks out forward (hence the name "stomach breathing").
This method of breathing allows you to control the force of the air flow during exhalation, to support singing, to sing sounds evenly and beautifully. The terms “attack of sound” and “singing on a support” are associated with proper vocal breathing.
To properly sing with your stomach, you need to inhale so that the lower ribs expand and the stomach protrudes. You can imagine that you are not filling the lungs with air, but your stomach, and this expands it.
The vocalist's exhalation should not happen instantly. To control the strength of sound and distribute air, it is necessary to keep the diaphragm tense, to work with muscles. Otherwise, you will release all the air in the first seconds of singing and lose control of the situation.
To understand what a feeling in the abdomen should be when singing, do one exercise (you will need an assistant). Lie on your back on a flat surface and inhale. Remember that your stomach is pouted. Let the assistant take the book, put it on your stomach and put a little pressure. Your task is to resist and maintain such a degree of "inflated" abdomen, as at the beginning of the exercise. Exhale air and resist pressure until the supply of air comes to an end. Remember this feeling, this is exactly what you should feel with proper breathing while singing.
How to learn the right breath
You should analyze how you breathe during the performance of the song. If the air goes through the chest or when you inhale the shoulders rise, you are doing it wrong. To take breathing correctly while singing is to move only the abdominal muscles.
Professional pedagogues involved in the setting of breathing distinguish the correct technique in several ways:
- The performer can draw one note for a long time. The main indicator of improper performance is the singer’s inability to hold a long note long enough. If the breath is set incorrectly or not at all, then the singer will not have enough air. As a result: false, loss of timbre and brightness of performance.
- Phrases do not break in the middle. One of the indicators of the correct singing performance is the vocalist's ability to sing a phrase on one exhale. If the singer begins to take air in the middle of the line of the song, then the whole phrase can lose not only meaning, but also emotional color.
- The voice is revealed to the end. If the teacher hears that the performer’s vocals do not sound at full strength, it is most likely a bad breath. Without the delivered equipment it is impossible to even determine the timbre of the vocalist’s voice.
- When performing, the vocalist does not raise his shoulders. As already mentioned, this is the main indicator that the singer uses the diaphragm, therefore the performance does not suffer.
- Lack of sore throat. Singers who do not have a diaphragm try to give strength to the voice with the help of the throat, which is very harmful to the ligaments and leads to pain. With the right technique, pain does not occur.
- Soft performance. The main indicator of improper performance is the sharp and sometimes unpleasant voice of the performer. Aperture performance allows you to control your own voice and properly achieve the most pleasant sound.
How to breathe with a diaphragm while singing
In order to learn how to breathe in the stomach while singing, it is enough to perform a simple exercise daily:
- Take a lying position,
- Place your hands on your side with your thumbs in the center of your abdomen,
- When inhaling and exhaling, try to use only the abdominal muscles.
After several days, try to breathe constantly using the diaphragm.
Strengthening the respiratory muscles: how to take breathing when singing
Learning how to take breathing while singing is best done with the help of a professional educator. But if you decide to master this science yourself, then here are a few simple exercises:
- Pogonchiki. The meaning of the exercise is to take 8 deep breaths through the nose in a row. Then a break for 3-5 seconds. Repeat 12 times.
- Palms. We take 4 large breaths with the nose, and exhale silently through the mouth. Every 4 breaths take a break for 5 seconds. Repeat 24 times.
- Deep breath. We collect a full stomach of air and try to slowly release air through the mouth, while trying to feel the diaphragm tension. We do 3 sets of 15 times with a short break.
- A sharp breath. The meaning of this exercise is to abruptly gain full chest of air and also abruptly release it. It is performed daily 10-12 times.
For more details, read our article on breathing exercises.
Vocational training in breathing and singing
All these exercises are simple, they can be mastered easily. But from the side to see any flaws or errors - it is impossible. Only a professional teacher involved in teaching vocal can choose an individual training program. The teacher of the ArtVocal music school will advise you for free - fill out the application form or contact us using contact information.