Useful Tips

How to learn to read English from scratch?

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


wikiHow works on the principle of a wiki, which means that many of our articles are written by several authors. When creating this article, 15 people (a) worked on its editing and improvement, including anonymously.

The number of sources used in this article: 7. You will find a list of them at the bottom of the page.

Bilingualism (bilingualism) carries a large number of advantages for the child, including the ability to better cope with distracting factors and process information entering the brain faster. If you are raising a bilingual child, it is important to teach him to read in both languages, but in many bilingual families this task is difficult. So that you do not have to resort to the help of a tutor at an older age, parents should take the opportunity to teach the child to read in two languages ​​themselves. This article explains the methodology for dealing with young children - simple, fun, and free.

Initial stage of training

At the initial stage of teaching English, of course, the question arises of how to learn to read English.

We all learned to read in Russian, therefore, theoretically we know that we need to start with the study of letters, sounds and syllables. You can’t do without it. That is, if you want to learn how to read in English, you have to start from zero, that is, start from scratch.

Some believe that starting an English language from scratch is much easier for children, because someone once proved that children have more ability to master new knowledge, memory and speed of perception than adults. Yes, and somehow ashamed to an adult, like a first-grader, to learn elementary rules. However, as practice shows, adults have an advantage in children learning foreign languages ​​from scratch. It is much easier for an adult to analyze the similarities and differences between their native and foreign languages, all the material on the theory of their language, and the experience of communicating in their native language, are much more. That is, to compare, draw conclusions and correctly apply the acquired knowledge in practice, often in adults it turns out much better.

Nowadays, you can learn to read English from scratch online. There are various services and sites with a description of the correct pronunciation of sounds and the ability to listen. But still, at the initial stage, it is advisable for both adults and children to hire a teacher who will oversee the correct reading and pronunciation.

So, you decided to teach your child to read in English or you yourself decided to learn to read. Where to begin? The most logical is to start with the alphabet. Here is the English alphabet with transcription in English.

In transcription - square brackets, the spelling of English letters in the form of sounds is written. It is very important to immediately, at the initial stage, learn to read transcription. This is necessary firstly, because not all English sounds can be recorded in Russian letters, and secondly, then, when you have to use dictionaries, knowing the transcription, you can easily pronounce any new word. But this advice applies, first of all, to adults, because young children who cannot read will memorize letters by ear in the first couple.

It will help you learn what the English letters are called, the famous English song - ABC-song. On the Internet, you can easily find many of its interpretations with different versions of the footage, but we suggest you look at this option:

If we talk about how it is better to teach a child to read English from scratch, that is, to teach him English letters, then the recommendations will not differ much from those that teachers give when studying Russian letters. We teach in the ways that are most interesting for a child: with the help of songs, toy cubes or magnets, cards and coloring books - in general, everything that will interest your child more and what he will want to return to.

Rules for Reading English Vowels

After you become familiar with the alphabet, you need to pay attention to the fact that letters and sounds are two different things. And if the situation with consonants is more or less clear, and the sound that they convey in words, in most cases coincides with that which we hear when pronouncing the letter, then the picture with vowels in English is completely different.

There are only 6 vowels in English:

But each of them can be read in four different ways, depending on the environment in which letters it appears in a particular word. That is, in other words, in the English language there are 4 types of syllables for vowels.

Let's introduce this rule for all vowels in a common table.


letter

2. Learning begins with syllables or even words, not letters

What is a letter? A letter is a symbol for a single sound or part thereof. Sounds in any language are much more than letters. Therefore, a small number of letters in different combinations convey all possible sounds. Before acquaintance with writing and reading, children do not divide our speech into letters, they even cannot always divide it into words. Children divide speech into sounds and sets of repeating sounds, which are separated only by pauses in speech. For a child, "Marya Ivanovna" up to a certain age is one word. And the word "mother" consists of two sounds "ma" and "ma", and not four letters.

When we are not familiar with the writing of another language, we perceive each sound as a separate letter. For example, in German there is no letter "h", it is transmitted by a set of as many as four letters "tsch". But when both the Russian and the German child hear the sound “h,” they both hear this sound as a whole, the German baby does not hear it in a set of 4 letters. Therefore, techniques arose more adapted to child psychology, based on sounds, not letters.

A syllable is a minimal set of letters that forms one sound during pronunciation. The syllable does not carry any semantic load.

1. Glen Doman Cards

According to the method of Doman, the child is shown and voiced cards with words almost from birth. The child sees each card several times and with a certain frequency. As a result, many children learn reading skills already at the age of one, and can read before they start talking. That is, the child, at the request of her mother, can choose the right card from the whole pack. The question, of course, is why the child should read at the age of one, when he still cannot follow the storylines and is not ready to read books in his development. But that's not the point. The bottom line is that this work scheme can work at any age, even when it is still not possible for a child to explain how letters form words.

Doman's technique was developed for English children. And in fact, it is best suited for teaching reading in English. Since in English the words almost never change the endings, therefore one word in all declensions, conjugations, numbers and cases is almost always written the same. Therefore, regardless of the connection of the word in the sentence with other words, the same card will always suit him. What, for example, can not be said about the Russian language.

The essence of the technique:

  • The child is shown an image and voiced syllables or whole words, explaining each letter
  • The child gradually finds connections with the image and sound, and begins to read syllables and whole words that have already been shown to him, and then, by analogy, other words consisting of the same syllables
  • And only then the child is introduced to the alphabet and the name of the letters.

Examples of methods:

1. Glen Doman Cards

According to the method of Doman, the child is shown and voiced cards with words almost from birth. The child sees each card several times and with a certain frequency. As a result, many children learn reading skills already at the age of one, and can read before they start talking. That is, the child, at the request of her mother, can choose the right card from the whole pack. The question, of course, is why the child should read at the age of one, when he still cannot follow the storylines and is not ready to read books in his development. But that's not the point. The bottom line is that this work scheme can work at any age, even when it is still not possible for a child to explain how letters form words.

Doman's technique was developed for English children. And in fact, it is best suited for teaching reading in English. Since in English the words almost never change the endings, therefore one word in all declensions, conjugations, numbers and cases is almost always written the same. Therefore, regardless of the connection of the word in the sentence with other words, the same card will always suit him. What, for example, can not be said about the Russian language.

2. Cubes of Zaitsev

Zaitsev’s cubes on their faces have different syllables. Adding words from these blocks to the child, parents quickly teach their child the principles of syllable reading. This technique is more suitable just for the Russian language with its variety of changing endings in words.

Doman's cards and Zaitsev’s cubes are two of the most famous methods from this group, but far from the only ones. With the same principles, there are many other approaches.

Advantages of the technique:

  • Suitable for a larger number of children of different ages, temperament and inclinations than the classic version
  • It is more understandable to children, as it takes into account their psychological characteristics, and causes less negative emotions.

Cons of the technique:

  • Most likely, you did not have such personal experience in your childhood, so you will have to spend time studying this technique
  • Depending on the chosen methodology and the child’s age, the learning process can be quite slow and time-consuming (Doman’s technique), but it’s not necessary, since there are very fast techniques from this series
  • You have to buy or make training materials yourself (cards, cubes, etc.), their number also depends on the chosen technique

3. Game learning - the child does not even notice that he is taught to read

Most of all, children love to play, and best of all, they learn during the game.

The essence of the technique:

  • Parents play different games with the child, during which various items or cards with inscriptions appear
  • The inscriptions are played out, but not spelled (no one says: “look, it says“ milk ”, and here is“ bread ”), but they are simply included in the game, that is, an object with the inscription is picked up and voiced, or the toy moves in side of the desired item, etc.
  • Then the books are connected
  • And already at the end the alphabet learns

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send