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Sunburn - treatment, first aid

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Sunburns appear as a result of exposure to the invisible to the eye and the most dangerous of the solar spectrum of ultraviolet rays.

Such burns are of varying degrees - from mild redness and slight swelling to the formation of multiple and extensive blisters filled with yellowish transparent contents, and the subsequent "peeling" of the skin (its upper layer - the epidermis). With minor burns, a sensation may appear that the skin is “tightened”, dryness and itching are felt in the affected area, soreness when touched, chills. With severe sunburns, soreness is great, and the general condition suffers. Typically, these symptoms appear on areas of the body that are not protected by clothing.

At the initial stage of sunburn, the skin begins to redden 2-6 hours after exposure to the sun, irritation appears. The peak manifestation of symptoms of burning occurs after 12-24 hours.

What it is?

Strong ultraviolet radiation can damage the surface of the skin and eyes. The degree of damage can be mild to severe and can lead to serious consequences.

Body areas most prone to burns:

  • forearm
  • face,
  • back at the top,
  • chest area
  • shoulder,
  • leg.

The risk of damage depends on a large number of factors. Someone does not get burned at all, and someone has to be afraid of hot days. What is the reason?

Symptoms and severity depend on:

  • places - the body and face have different skin structure and susceptibility,
  • type
  • individual sensitivity to ultraviolet,
  • skin color (dark-skinned people tolerate the sun more easily),
  • course treatment with drugs of a certain group,
  • the presence of dermatological diseases and problems (moles, acne, etc.),
  • prevention with protective creams, milk and other means.

Throughout life, people spend a lot of time under the sun, which allows them to study their reaction to it.

  • swelling
  • redness,
  • moisture loss
  • prone to injury
  • pain itching
  • hypersensitivity.

After 4-7 days, everything will pass, but peeling will appear.

Severity

The severity of sunburn is determined by the depth and strength of damage to the surface layers of the skin. The deeper and stronger it is damaged, the more severe a skin burn. Also, do not forget that the severity of symptoms always depends on the area of ​​the burn.

The first life-saving measures for the skin and the body should be started immediately for any degree of burn, especially since the degree of skin damage cannot be determined from the beginning.

Sunburn degreeSymptoms
FirstRedness of the skin and a feeling of discomfort in burned areas. Usually does not pose a threat and does not require medical treatment. -
SecondThe same symptoms, accompanied by the formation of miliary papules and blisters. Very often, with such a burn, the temperature rises, chills and dehydration appear. Medical attention and treatment with ointments is required.
Third and fourthGrades 3 and 4 are rare, since this severity of damage is more characteristic of thermal or chemical damage. Indeed, it is difficult to imagine a person who has been under the scorching sun for more than 10 hours of his own free will. A burn of 4 degrees involves severe skin damage, is accompanied by severe dehydration, inhibition of the heart and kidneys and can lead to death.

Depending on the degree and size of the skin lesion, the condition may be slightly painful or extremely severe. The risk of sunburn is higher if you have fair hair and skin. Keep in mind that members of the same family vary greatly in their degree of resistance to sunlight. If your brother or sister quickly sunbathe without sunburn, this does not mean that you can.

What is the danger of a sunburn?

Mild sunburns pass without serious consequences, severe sunburns lead to the formation of long-term non-healing skin defects: erosion and ulcers. But even repeated sunburns of a mild degree are unsafe for humans and can lead to skin lesions (sunburns, photodermatoses, malignant neoplasms) of varying severity.

Exposure to direct sunlight stimulates the appearance on the skin of various benign pigmented neoplasms, primarily nevi and lentigo (birthmarks).

Almost every person has nevus. They can be located in different parts of the body and appear at different periods of life. Their presence requires regular monitoring by a dermatologist-oncologist, since over time they can be transformed into malignant skin tumors (melanoma), especially if a person’s lifestyle and profession are associated with prolonged exposure to direct sunlight, exposure to ionizing radiation and chemicals, being carcinogens. Lentigo more often appear at a more mature age.

Photodermatosis - skin diseases that occur under the influence of the sun. These include solar urticaria, phototoxic reactions, polymorphic solar dermatitis, benign summer solar dermatitis, lupus erythematosus and other diseases.

In addition to the above, sunburns received at an early age increase the risk of developing skin cancer in the future. In addition, repeated excessive ultraviolet radiation can lead to dryness and premature aging of the skin, increases the risk of cataracts and macular degeneration - one of the main causes of blindness.

How long does it usually go through?

The rate of skin recovery from a sunburn, mainly depends on its severity. In the first degree of severity, a sunburn usually disappears after 2 to 3 days. With a moderate (average) degree, the skin can recover in 3 to 7 days. The longest recovery time can be observed in severe cases. Serious sunburns, on average, pass in 7 to 12 days without the formation of scars on the skin.

The following factors can affect the recovery time of a skin from a sunburn:

  • severity of sunburn,
  • timeliness of the use of medications,
  • the correct use of medications,
  • skin lesion area,
  • the presence of additional skin diseases,
  • immunity level
  • the presence of purulent complications,
  • patient age
  • localization of sunburn on the body.

The speed of curing the skin from sunburn also depends on many other additional factors (for example, on the age of the patient, the area of ​​damage, the location of the sunburn on the body, etc.).

What to do?

Even being in the sun, you can feel the first signs of discomfort - the skin begins to “burn” slightly, and the burn site turns pink. Do not be fooled that this is a "tan." If you continue to sunbathe or be in the sun for another reason, then serious troubles cannot be avoided.

When the first symptoms of sunburn appear:

  1. Take cover in the shade immediately. If the skin has already suffered, then even in clothes (when working in the country), the open sun will be a source of intensification of painful sensations,
  2. Since the top layer of the skin has lost a lot of moisture, the most correct action is hydration. It can be a wet towel or a cool shower. If it is possible to take a bath, it is advisable to add baking soda or starch to it,
  3. When moisturized, the water temperature should be close to t of the body, a sharp drop can cause additional skin damage,
  4. Moistening can be carried out as often as possible, and in between to lubricate the burned areas with aloe juice.

A sunburn can become a source of severe skin damage, in which case you should not self-medicate, but immediately seek qualified medical help.

First aid

First aid for sunburn should be provided immediately, because in the first minutes after direct and / or prolonged exposure to sunlight, the degree of harm cannot be determined. What relates to the concept of first aid for sunburn:

1) You must immediately hide from the sun. The best option would be a cool room, but in a pinch, a tree shade or a canopy on the street will do.

2) Assess your own condition and do it you need to adequately. If you experience slight dizziness, nausea, chills, and a headache, then it is advisable to call the ambulance team - most likely, a sunburn is severe and is complicated by heat stroke.

3) In the case of a normal general condition, you need to help the body and skin cover:

  • take a cool shower (not cold!),
  • in case of a local burn, you can draw cool water into the basin and lower the damaged part of the body there (this method is especially convenient for burns of the extremities),
  • Be sure to drink a lot - this will prevent the development of dehydration, but note that the water should not be icy,
  • if there is intense pain, then the use of an anesthetic drug is allowed - it can be, for example, ibuprofen, analgin or baralgin.

All other actions are classified as therapeutic. But even if the above measures have brought relief and the condition has normalized / stabilized, you should not go out into the street the next day in direct sunlight. The fact is that the skin is in a stressful state, they need to recover.

What can not del when burned in the sun?

If you do not know the contraindications for the condition under consideration, then an independent solution to the problem can lead to the fact that only qualified doctors can alleviate the patient's condition.

What can not be done with sunburn:

  1. Wipe burnt skin with ice cubes. This brings instant relief, but the consequences can be really terrible - the death of the damaged epithelium will begin, which leads to inflammatory processes and a long period of rehabilitation. By the way, it is likely that even after treatment, cosmetic defects will be present on the skin.
  2. You can not wash damaged skin areas with alkaline soap, use a scrub - such an effect on thinned skin leads to the development of inflammatory processes.
  3. In no case should sunburn be wiped with alcohol and any alcohol-containing means - this causes powerful dehydration, and the body suffers from dehydration.
  4. If a sunburn proceeds in an acute form, then you can not treat it with medical vaseline or badger / lamb / pork fat. The fact is that these products will clog pores and the skin will not be able to breathe.
  5. It is also not recommended to pierce blisters or papules in places of sunburn by yourself - with a probability of 98%, a secondary infection will develop at the site of skin damage.
  6. In the acute period of the condition in question, you should not drink tea, coffee and alcoholic beverages - they increase the dehydration of the body.

In addition, it is categorically not recommended even in the recovery period after treatment for a sunburn to stay in direct sunlight, in extreme cases, you need to use closed clothing.

How to treat sunburn at home?

If you find yourself on a sunburn, you need to do some action to relieve pain when touching the skin, as well as prepare the skin for further treatment. So ... First aid for sunburn consists of cooling and moisturizing the damaged areas of the body, as well as taking funds intended to relieve pain.

1) Cooling

As with any burn, with a sunburn, the affected area of ​​the skin must be cooled. For this, compresses and lotions with ordinary clean cold water are perfect. You can use aloe juice, chilled black tea with ice cubes, cucumber and tomato juices. It will also be useful to treat burns with lotions from antiseptic agents, for example: furatsilin, chlorhexidine, a weak solution of potassium permanganate. The compress wipe should be moistened as it warms up.

Sunburn treatment

In most cases, treatment sunburn symptomatic. This means that funds are used that can alleviate the symptoms and manifestations of the disease. Most sunburns go away on their own and without any treatment whatsoever. However, patients are still advised to be careful about such skin lesions. There is a risk of long-term cosmetic defects, and sometimes a variety of complications.

To treat sunburn, you need to go as follows:

  • With light sunburns of a small area (1 - 2 palms) no treatment is required. The skin will recover on its own. If desired, moisturizers or balms with anesthetic effect can be used to reduce symptoms.
  • With severe itching, severe swelling or a rash, ointments with an antiallergic effect should be used. You should also consult a doctor for a preventive consultation.
  • With weak burns of a large area (whole back, stomach and chest, both legs, etc.) It is best not to burden the body for several days. Ointments and creams with analgesic and calming effects are also used. If swelling in the legs, nausea or vomiting occurs, it is better to consult a doctor, although these general symptoms usually disappear on their own. Sometimes such patients are prescribed painkillers in the form of tablets or injections. In the presence of chronic diseases of the kidneys, cardiovascular system or other organs, a doctor must be consulted. Even a slight sunburn of a large area can cause an exacerbation of more serious pathologies.
  • With severe burns, blisters and other visible lesions appear on the skin (cracks, peeling of the skin, etc.) In these cases, there is a risk of complications, cosmetic defects and infection. Such burns require more careful care. The surface should be treated with disinfecting ointments or gels until the active healing process begins. If you have difficulties in caring for such a burn, it is better to consult a doctor.
  • In case of complications, medical attention is almost always required. In each case, the patient will be assigned a specific course of treatment (cosmetology - with the appearance of moles or age spots, antibiotics - with the development of infection, etc.).

First aid after sunburn

Of great importance is the first aid that is provided to the patient in the very first hours after receiving a burn. Often, at this moment, no external signs or symptoms appear on the skin. However, the right actions at this stage can reduce the consequences of ultraviolet radiation in the future, and the wrong ones, on the contrary, can strengthen them.

In the first hours after receiving a sunburn, it is advisable to carry out the following treatment measures:

  • stop exposure to the skin of the sun (it’s better to take cover in a room, and not just step into the shade or cover the place of the burn with a cloth),
  • a shower with water at room temperature or a compress on the affected area (a very cold compress or ice should not be applied, as this will cause spasm of blood vessels, disrupt blood cell nutrition and lead to more severe tissue damage),
  • they take a shower for 5 to 10 minutes to normalize body temperature, they also hold a compress for 10 to 15 minutes,
  • the use of moisturizers (possible before redness and severe pain).
With a severe burn and the onset of symptoms (blisters, cracks, skin exfoliation) antiseptic creams, gels or powders are applied to the affected area. The burn itself is covered with a sterile dressing, but do not tighten it tight so as not to impair the flow of blood. All these manipulations will reduce skin damage early on. Symptoms of a burn are still likely to appear, but they will not be so pronounced.

2) Moisturizing and further skin treatment

Cooled skin must be moisturized, otherwise immediately after cooling the skin will dry out and become even more inflamed. After sunbathing, or medical aerosols against sunburns, will do this job perfectly. “Grandmother’s medicines” will also help - kefir, sour cream, milk, egg white. The proteins contained in these products prevent moisture loss and restore skin.

To prevent dehydration of the skin, doctors also recommend creams based on aloe vera, chamomile extracts, calendula extracts and vitamin E: these components help the skin absorb moisture and hold it for a long time.

For the treatment of burns, doctors recommend using aerosols for external use containing dexpanthenol, which has a healing and anti-inflammatory effect. Such a component is part of a European-quality medicinal product - Panthenolspray aerosol for external use. The drug has an anti-inflammatory effect, improves tissue regeneration, is rapidly absorbed (absorbed) by the skin. Возрастных ограничений нет, возможна индивидуальная непереносимость, применение у детей должно производится под наблюдением взрослых.

При нарушении общего состояния и ознобе назначаются нестероидные противовоспалительные средства («Парацетамол», «Ибупрофен»). Можно принять и аспирин — препарат из группы салицилатов.

Which doctor should I contact for sunburn?

In the vast majority of cases, a sunburn affects various areas of the human skin, so an obvious solution is to contact a dermatologist. However, in the case of mild burns (only local soreness and redness) you can not go to the doctor at all. So burns go away on their own within a few days, creating only slight discomfort. In case of serious burns with the appearance of general malaise or other unusual symptoms, at the first stage you can consult a doctor of any specialization. Based on the manifestations and symptoms, he will refer the patient to the right specialist.

In general, the following doctors can treat various sunburns:

  • dermatologist,
  • surgeon,
  • therapist,
  • family doctor,
  • allergist (in case of sun allergy in parallel with sunburn).
Separately, eye damage (sunburn eyes), which are found in some patients. Examination of such patients is done only by oculists or ophthalmologists. Doctors of other specialties will not be able to assess the degree of damage or prescribe the correct treatment.

3) Anesthesia

"Aspirin", "Paracetamol", "Ibuprofen" or "Acetaminophen" will help relieve pain, reduce burning sensation and itching - antihistamines. In addition, aspirin and ibuprofen prevent the formation of toxic substances, which make the skin red and swollen.

An ordinary cool bath will help reduce pain and temperature. These symptoms of burning are associated with an active blood flow, caused, in turn, by severe inflammation, respectively, cold water will narrow the blood vessels and slightly alleviate your condition. Just do not rush into a shower: strong jets of water are again microtrauma and excess pain.

How long does a sunburn go through?

The duration of skin recovery after a sunburn depends on many factors. On average, minor burns go away within 3 to 5 days even without any medical attention or special care. With the development of complications or additional harmful effects, the skin after a burn can recover for more than 2 weeks. In some cases, cosmetic burns remain after burns (spots, moles, etc.), which without separate treatment do not go away for a very long time.

The following factors affect the healing time of a sunburn:

  • degree of burn (tissue damage depth),
  • burn area
  • proper care of the affected area,
  • patient age
  • the presence of complications
  • the presence of chronic health problems,
  • skin type.

Is it possible to take a bath, go to a bath or a sauna if I get a sunburn?

In case of sunburn, it is not recommended to go to the bathhouse or sauna. Even a slight sunburn represents damage to the upper layer of the skin, which gradually exfoliates. In the bathhouse and sauna, high temperature and humidity cause a sweating process. The sweat glands are located in the deeper layers of the skin, but their excretory ducts are damaged due to burns. As a result, fluid begins to accumulate under the damaged skin. A more intense exfoliation begins, the formation of blisters, there is a risk of infection. In addition, with large area burns, high temperature will simply cause pain. Thus, it is better for patients with mild sunburns to refrain from going to the bathhouse or sauna for the first few days until the skin recovers.

A bath or shower with sunburn is not contraindicated. The main condition is the correct choice of water temperature. Cold or contrast showers affect vascular tone and blood circulation. In case of a large area burn, this slows down tissue repair. Hot water will create an effect similar to a bath or a sauna. Therefore, the water temperature should not be lower than room temperature and not higher than 40 - 45 degrees. In the event of a severe burn with the formation of blisters or rupture of the bath, it is not recommended to take a bath, as infection can get into the wound with water.

How to smear the skin with a sunburn: ointments, creams, sprays

There are many pharmacy remedies to eliminate the effects of unsuccessful tanning. All of them have different properties, differ in composition and duration and, of course, in price.

Here are the most effective ones:

Dexpanthenol

Panthenol (spray from sunburn 160 rubles, cream 200 rubles), Bepanten (340 rubles), D-Panthenol (170-250 rubles), Dexpanthenol (90 rubles) Pantoderm (170 rubles).

Panthenol Vialine after sunburn (milk, price 280 rubles), it also contains panthenol, which restores damaged skin, vitamin F (linoleic and linolenic fatty acids), softening the skin, allantoin is a wound healing effect and dipotassium glycyrrhizinate, which has a wound healing, anti-inflammatory and protective action. Promotes the formation of a new skin layer and its regeneration.

Application: 2-4 times a day on damaged skin until recovery. In the presence of infected areas, pre-treat with an antiseptic

Livian Aerosol

Livian - a combined drug - 210 rubles.

The composition includes linetol, fish oil, lavender oil, sunflower oil, a-tocopherol acetate, anestezin, cimal, a mixture of freons. It accelerates metabolic reactions, has an antiseptic, analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect.

Apply: Once spraying on damaged skin during the day until recovery

Elover Ointment

Elover - aloe extract and vitamin E. Improves cellular metabolism, tissue trophism, activates skin regeneration and prevents the development of peroxide reactions. Contraindicated in children under 18 years of age. Aloe Barbados, which is part of it, is a biogenic stimulant that improves trophism and tissue regeneration. Vitamin E is an antioxidant, fat-soluble vitamin.

Application: 2-4 times a day with a thin layer on the affected areas until recovery

Carotoline solution, extract (betacarotene)

Carotoline regulates cellular metabolism and eliminates the damaging effect of free radicals. Betacarotene protects cells from damage, has antioxidant properties, protects the skin from the harmful effects of ultraviolet rays.

It is applied: 1-2 times a day on sterile wipes, and then applied to damaged skin until recovery

Vinylin balsam (polyvinyl butyl ether)

Vinylin (price 50 gr 200 rub, 100 gr 300 rub).

It has anti-inflammatory and bacteriostatic effects, accelerates the regeneration and epithelization of wounds. It is used as an antiseptic - a disinfectant.

To apply: 2-4 times a day with a thin layer directly on the affected areas or on sterile wipes until recovery

Zinc Ointment (Zinc Oxide), Desitin, Calamine Lotion

Desitin (200-230 rubles), Calamine (780 rubles), zinc paste 40 rubles, ointment 30 rubles. Prevents infection of damaged skin, has a drying, slightly astringent effect, therefore it is used as a protective and anti-inflammatory agent for minor burns.

Used: 2-3 times a day on damaged skin until healing.

Sea buckthorn oil

Sea buckthorn oil altivitamins (100 ml 250-350 rubles), Sea buckthorn oil cosmetic 40 rubles. It has an antibacterial effect, activates reparative processes and promotes healing. It has a general strengthening effect, cytoprotective, antioxidant.

Apply: 2-4 times a day on sterile wipes until recovery

Olazol aerosol (combination preparation)

Olazol (price 170-200 rubles) The composition includes: boric acid, benzocaine, chloramphenicol, sea buckthorn oil. It has a bacteriostatic effect, stimulates regeneration and promotes skin healing.

Apply: before use, spray can with a spray from burns should be shaken well, sprayed 1-4 times a day on damaged skin until recovery

Solcoseryl gel and ointment (biological product)

Solcoseryl (160-200 rubles). Composition - from the blood of dairy calves deproteinized dialysate. Stimulates collagen formation, accelerates the growth of granulation tissue.

Gel: 2-3 times a day on cleansed skin before tissue granulation, Ointment: 1-2 times a day on healing burns until complete healing

Psilo-balm (diphenhydramine)

Psilo-balm (160-200 rubles), Reduces hyperemia, pain and itching, reduces swelling, reduces the increased permeability of capillaries, has a local analgesic effect, has a pleasant cooling effect. The gel base leaves no trace and protects the skin.

Apply the gel: 3-4 times a day on the affected surface until the skin heals. It helps if the skin itches after exposure to the sun.

Actovegin ointment (biological product)

Actovegin ointment 90-120 rubles, cream 110-140 rubles, gel 150 -180 rubles). Stimulates skin regeneration and improves local blood supply. At the beginning of use, slight pain may be felt, which then passes.

Apply: Twice a day for healing burns, the duration of application is 10-12 days

Flucinolone-glucocorticosteroids (hormonal ointment)

Sinaflan (price 40 rubles) Flucinar gel and ointment 200 rubles. Reduces the inflammatory and allergic reaction, has an antipruritic effect. Since this is a hormonal drug, its use is possible only as prescribed by the doctor, in a short course, with the gradual withdrawal of the drug.

It is applied: 2-4 times a day on disinfected areas of the skin or on dressings no more than 5 days.

Flocet gel

Floretsa (gel price 150-200 rubles, spray 250-300 rubles), composed of calendula, chamomile extract, aluminum acetate. Eliminates itching and redness of the skin, has a bactericidal and wound healing effect, cools the skin.

Apply: 2-3 times a day

Eplan

Radevit

Radevit (price 320 rubles) Composition: ergocalciferol, retinol palmitate, α-tocopherol acetate. Improves the protective function of the skin, has an antipruritic, reparative, softening effect.

Application: a thin layer 2 times a day.

Fenistil
Sudokrem

Sudocrem has a complex composition: lanolin, synthetic wax, citric acid, lavender oil, liquid paraffin, benzyl cinnamate, benzyl benzoate, zinc oxide, benzyl alcohol, linalyl acetate, propylene glycol, butyl hydroxyanisole. Burns are used as a wound healing, anesthetic, emollient.

If you choose the form of the drug, then, according to doctors, the most effective sprays - they are easier to apply and distribute, they have a more airy structure. It is also recommended to combine medications, depending on the size and severity of the burns received. Amprovizol spray can be applied to more severe burns on the back, but Panthenol ointment is more suitable for the face.

What helps if the skin comes off after a burn?

Detachment of epithelial cells after a burn is a normal stage of tissue repair. With light sunburns, the skin does not peel off immediately, but begins to peel off 3-4 days after the burn, when young cells already fill the skin defect. In this case, special treatment of the burn is not required, since the body is able to independently prevent the threat of infection. It is possible to use nourishing creams or balms that stimulate the restoration of the epithelium.

In case of severe burns, the skin can peel off after a few hours after the burn. Then a painful wound with a rather large area forms in its place.
An intercellular fluid appears on its surface (pinkish and wet), which subsequently forms a crust. A similar protection mechanism occurs in the case of premature opening of blisters at the burn site. The main difference is that with mild burns with gradual desquamation, the surface of the wound is moist, not dry. In these cases, there is a risk of infection and other complications, so care should be taken to treat the burn surface.

When peeling skin after a severe burn, the following agents can be used:

  • dexpanthenol and other drugs based on this substance (bepantene, panthenol, etc.),
  • baneocin, levomecol or other local antibiotic-based agents (for infection prevention),
  • solcoseryl and similar properties drugs (to accelerate the formation of epithelium).
In most cases, it is not recommended to apply several products with different effects simultaneously to the burned surface. It is better to apply a sterile dressing on the burn itself, which will protect delicate skin without epithelium from superficial injuries and reduce the risk of infection. Before using some products, it is necessary to rinse the burn surface. This is done with warm boiled water.

Symptoms of sunburn

The result of staying too long in the open sun or in a solarium is called a sunburn. Instead of a golden tan, the skin burns and looks extremely unattractive, and even accompanied by unpleasant symptoms.

Sunburn is divided into:

  • Lungs - hot skin, pain when touched, redness. Usually these symptoms disappear within 4-7 days.
  • Medium - burning of the skin, blisters (blisters), dehydration of the dermis.
  • Severe - fever, nausea, dizziness, chills, weakness, severe itching, headache are added to all previous manifestations.

In the latter case, you should definitely consult a doctor.

The insidiousness of the sun's rays is that the whole of this list may not appear immediately, but in the evening or after 5 hours. In the meantime, we take sun baths, we do not think about prevention. Personally, I used to come across this all the time, again and again scolding myself for being careless.

In summer, the sun's rays are much stronger, you can get sunburn even in cloudy weather or being in the water, as they penetrate much deeper than you thought. According to scientific studies, after severe sunburn, our skin is fully restored only after 3-6 months. This is real stress for her.

First of all, the skin burns on the face, especially the nose, shoulders and back. And then the rest of the body goes. Active sunlight can even lead to serious eye diseases, such as cataracts, up to complete blindness.

Folk remedies for burns in the sun

Alternative methods of treatment have less therapeutic efficacy compared to medications. Therefore, they should not be used as the main method of treatment, but only in combination with drug therapy. Before using such methods, you should always consult with your doctor and not make decisions on your own.

For the treatment of sunburn, you can use the following alternative methods of treatment:

  • Oak bark compresses. Take three tablespoons of well-dried oak bark and place in one glass of water. Then boil and filter. The resulting broth must be applied to burnt skin in the form of cold compresses 3-4 times a day (each time for an hour with breaks of 10 minutes). Oak bark reduces inflammatory reactions, kills harmful microbes and has an astringent effect.
  • Aloe juice. With a sunburn, you can use both pure aloe juice and its aqueous solution (diluted 1: 1). Aloe juice is applied on damaged skin in its pure form without the use of wipes, gauze, that is, not in the form of compresses. It is recommended to carry out this procedure 1-3 times a day. Aloe juice has anti-inflammatory and healing effects on burnt skin.
  • Raw Potato Compresses. Take a few pieces of raw potatoes (together with the peel), rinse and finely grate it. Make compresses from the resulting potato porridge. These compresses can be applied to areas of the skin where a sunburn has formed for 20 to 40 minutes, 3-4 times a day. Raw potato compresses have anti-inflammatory and trophic (nutritious) healing effects.
  • Calendula compresses. Take 1 tablespoon of dried calendula flowers and place in one glass of boiling water. Insist 1 - 2 hours, then strain. Wait for the moment when this tincture cools down and make a medical compress out of it. Calendula compresses can be applied to burnt skin for 20 to 30 minutes 3-4 times a day. Calendula flowers contain in their composition various anti-inflammatory and bactericidal (killing microbes) substances, which explains the decrease in swelling and redness of the skin when it is used.
  • Compresses from a plantain. Take 1 - 2 tablespoons of dry leaves of plantain and place in one glass of boiling water. Give infusion tincture 30 - 60 minutes. Then cool and filter it. From tinctures of plantain leaves, make compresses that should be mixed on the burned areas of the body 2 to 3 times a day and left for 20 to 30 minutes. These compresses have anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic (narrow vessels) and healing effect.

You should be aware that in the treatment of sunburn it is strictly forbidden to use vegetable or butter, sour cream, petroleum jelly and other products that have a lot of fat in their composition. These fats, when smearing the above products on the skin, gradually spreading over its surface, form a thermally insulating film on it, which prevents the removal of excess heat from the skin damaged from sunburn. This inhibits her normal healing, and also enhances the discomfort at the site of her damage.

Effective Ways to Get Rid of Sunburn

Здесь я собрала самые лучшие и доступные варианты, которые помогут вам решить проблему. Среди них народные средства и аптечные лекарства. Ими я не раз пользовалась и сама. Они помогут вам и вашим детям вылечить солнечные ожоги.

Вода, вода, кругом вода

Чтобы избавиться от обезвоживания кожных покровов, организму нужна влага. А где ее взять? Пить больше воды и соков. Alcohol will not work, make it worse. Eat juicy fruits such as watermelon or peach.

It is also best to keep the room cool; if possible, turn on the air conditioner or fan. Believe me, this will ease your condition.

Quick and easy

A cool compress will help provide first aid, it will narrow blood vessels and soothe the skin. Soak a cloth or piece of gauze in cold, but not icy water, and apply to charred skin. He will take part of the heat and relieve burning.

You can wrap ice cubes in a cloth and attach to an inflamed area, in no case do not apply ice in its pure form.

Prevention

To protect the skin from sunburn, you should use special creams or lotions with sun protection factor from ultraviolet rays of type A and B, the value of which can vary from five to fifty. As a rule, in the composition of such products there is vitamin E, which reduces the sensitivity of the skin to ultraviolet radiation.

When choosing a sunscreen, you need to focus on the features of your skin. Light skin is very susceptible to the sun, which is why it quickly burns, so it requires the use of products with a high sun protection factor (SPF of at least 70). In the future, when the skin has received a persistent tan, the protection level can be reduced to twenty (SPF 20). Those who do not experience problems when exposed to the sun for a long time, you can use tools in which the level of protection is from six to fifteen (SPF from 6 to 15).

Properly selected product should be applied before going out, and not on the beach. When applying, special attention should be paid to the protruding parts of the body (nose, chest, cheekbones, shoulders). The cream must be applied in an even thin layer without rubbing it into the skin. Even if it is indicated on the product that it is waterproof, after bathing in a pond, it must be applied again, since after using a towel the layer of protective film is sharply reduced.

Even if your product contains a high level of protection, it is recommended to be in the open sun only in the morning and in the evening. In addition, you should not forget about sunglasses, they will protect the delicate and thin skin around the eyes, as well as the retina itself.

Now we are also going to rest with the whole family to go, this time to our south, but all the same, from the sunburn, the same Panthenol Spray is always necessary, I agree, I have not met a better remedy. The only thing, yes, now panthenol began to be faked, I read about it, it turns out that in the "left" panthenols there may be parabens (which create a risk of cancer), and even on charred skin. Here you need to carefully look at the packaging so that the original Panthenol spray is taken, it must be made in Germany, a smile on the name. Now I began to study everything, all labels, packaging, especially if I take something for the child.

Take a bath

In extreme cases, you can use a cool shower. No soap or shower gel, they will dry the skin even more.

But the best thing is to take cool baths with healing components. Here are the recipes:

  1. Pour 1 cup of apple cider vinegar into the water bath, stir. Lie in it for 30 minutes. This will quickly cool the skin and normalize its PH.
  2. Pour a cup of oatmeal into the bath, mix. Rest in it for about half an hour. This will help eliminate itching.
  3. Take 2 cups of baking soda, pour into a bath, mix thoroughly. Relax in it for 20 minutes. This helps relieve irritation and redness.

Base and Essential Oils

They relieve pain and soothe inflamed dermis with vegetable oils. Add to 1 tbsp. almond oil a couple drops of EM chamomile, lavender or immortelle. Stir and spread on the affected area.

Coconut oil also helps well after sunburn. But you should not use it right away, the next day a slightly warmed product can be applied as a cream on the body. This will perfectly moisturize the epidermis.

But coconut oil cannot replace sunscreen, as many think. It has absolutely no SPF factor.

Panthenol, Bepanthen and Dexpanthenol

Dexpanthenol is a chemical compound that well stimulates the regeneration of the skin and mucous membranes. In itself, dexpanthenol is a chemical compound, an active substance in many burn preparations (including panthenol and bepantene) The range of applications of funds based on this substance is very wide. Dexpanthenol can be used to treat sunburn of any severity.

Dexpanthenol-based drugs have the following therapeutic effects:

  • ensure the delivery of essential vitamins and nutrients to the skin,
  • stimulate cell division and growth, which accelerates the restoration of damaged tissues,
  • helps with sunburn of the eyes (restoration of the corneal mucosa),
  • reduces the risk of complications.
Based on dexpanthenol, many burn remedies have been released under various brand names. There are gels, creams, balms and even injection solutions with this substance. The specific spectrum and method of application are indicated in the instructions for the corresponding drug. For sunburn, dexpanthenol-based products are usually applied topically (applied to the affected area).

Balm "Rescuer"

Cream "La Cree" is one of the tools specifically designed for the treatment of burns. The main active ingredient here is dexpanthenol. An additional therapeutic effect is given by plant extracts. The cream is recommended to be used in cases where the skin is burned, but has not yet peeled off. This is a light sunburn with redness or the healing stage of more severe burns (when a layer of updated cells has already appeared) “La Cree” is not used, for example, immediately after opening the blisters.

Cream from sunburn "La Cree" has the following therapeutic effects:

  • skin hydration
  • antibacterial effect
  • acceleration of cell regeneration,
  • removal of skin irritation,
  • reduction of pain
  • reducing the risk of allergic reactions to sunlight.
The gel is applied 1 to 2 times a day. After drying and soaking, it is not necessary to rinse the surface of the burn.

Zinc ointment

Baneocin is not recommended for use in the following cases:

  • for burns, the area of ​​which exceeds 1% of the skin surface (patient's palm),
  • during pregnancy and lactation,
  • in case of chronic diseases of the liver, kidneys, heart diseases,
  • with individual sensitivity to antibiotics of the aminoglycoside series (allergy risk),
  • in acute and chronic diseases of the auditory and vestibular apparatus.
In the case of mild sunburn, when the skin does not tear, there is no risk of infection, and the use of baneocin is not required.

What are the folk remedies that can be used at home with sunburn?

Sunburns are a very common problem, so traditional medicine has accumulated a lot of experience in dealing with it.
Many plants contain components that have a calming effect on the skin, which is an important factor. However, the use of folk remedies has certain disadvantages. Most of them are relevant for mild sunburns of a small area. With a severe burn, preference should be given to products specially designed for skin restoration. The improper use of folk remedies in some cases can aggravate symptoms and delay the healing process.

In general, with sunburn, the following folk remedies are common:

  • Potato juice. Young tubers are better suited for its production. They are finely chopped and crushed to collect the juice. A cotton swab or gauze is soaked in the juice, with which they burn the burned skin or apply it in the form of a compress. This alleviates the unpleasant symptoms of a burn.
  • Tea. Strongly brewed black or green tea can help in the fight against pain and burning with mild sunburn. The tea leaves are cooled to room temperature or a little cooler, they moisten gauze in it and put a compress for 15 to 20 minutes. This tool is not used for visible skin lesions (peeling, cracks, etc.).
  • Camomile tea. Dry chamomile flowers are poured with boiling water (1 tablespoon per glass of water) and insist for an hour. In the resulting infusion, a cotton swab is moistened and during the day the infusion is applied to the burned skin. It calms the skin, alleviates symptoms and reduces inflammation.
  • Sauerkraut. Sauerkraut is warmed to room temperature and applied to a small area sunburn for 10 to 15 minutes. The procedure is best done once immediately after a burn, while the skin is not yet reddened and does not begin to exfoliate.
  • Cucumber juice. Juice is squeezed from ripe young cucumbers and moistened with burnt skin. It reduces itching and swelling. The tool is used mainly for mild burns.
It is not recommended to apply concentrated fats to the skin, which are not intended for skin care. For example, sunflower oil applied to a burn is poorly absorbed and forms a film that prevents air from entering. As a result, the epithelium can exfoliate faster.

Is it possible to treat sunburn with sour cream or kefir?

There are different opinions regarding the treatment of sunburn with dairy products. This is because sour cream and kefir have a double effect on damaged skin. First of all, it should be noted that the application of these products (not cold but cool) reduces burning, itching and redness of the skin. On the other hand, the acidic environment does not allow tissues to recover normally. That is, a person will feel better, but in general, a burn will heal longer. Therefore, sour cream or kefir can be applied to the surface of the burn in the first hours, when the skin has not yet begun to peel, for 5 - 10 minutes. After this, the residues should be washed off with warm water and in the future do not repeat this procedure, but use special creams and balms.

With severe burns with the formation of blisters and visible skin defects, sour cream and kefir are not applied, as this can provoke the development of infection.

Egg white

Egg white is a common folk remedy to help with sunburn, but it should be used with caution. Chilled protein is usually applied to the damaged area and allowed to dry. This alleviates the underlying symptoms (swelling, redness, burning sensation) But it should be remembered that egg white may contain a number of pathogenic bacteria, therefore it is not used in the presence of cracks, erosion, and the formation of blisters. Do not use rotten eggs to treat burns, as the risk of infection rises sharply.

In addition, protein can be used in the first hours after a burn once or twice. The molecular composition acts on the skin in such a way that it can draw fluid out of it, slowing down cell recovery. Therefore, after drying the egg white, it is better to lubricate the burn area with a moisturizer.

Medicinal vegetables

The most famous vegetables, such as cucumbers, tomatoes, potatoes and salad, will help you to burn sunburns.

  1. Cucumbers have an antioxidant and analgesic effect. Chopped vegetables and place in a blender. After thorough grinding, apply this pulp to the affected area of ​​the skin. Also, such a mixture also helps well from peeling.
  2. From a tomato you need to squeeze the juice or you can use the finished one. Pour 2 cups into a cool bath and soak in it for 10-15 minutes. This will reduce the burning sensation of the skin and promote quick healing.
  3. Boil and grate the peeled potatoes on a fine grater. Let it cool well. Then apply the resulting mixture to the burned skin. Starch will help to heal the burn site faster.
  4. Make a decoction of lettuce by boiling them in water for about 10 minutes. Strain and refrigerate this water for several hours. Apply this decoction to the blisters. Or you can simply take the leaves from the refrigerator and apply them to the skin several times a day.

Aloe and snail mucus

These components have regenerative and healing properties. To soothe and moisturize the skin, you can use fresh aloe juice if this medicinal plant grows in your home.

But by the summer I always try to buy Korean gels based on aloe and snail mucin. This is a real lifesaver for burnt skin.

Black tea

Brew tea, let it cool, moisten gauze in it and attach to places of burns. Tannic acid will help restore the skin's PH. You can add a little mint, then you will also get a cooling effect.

To soothe the burnt eyelids, you can put tea bags soaked in cool water on your eyes.

Sour cream or yogurt

Where without fermented milk products. This is the very first remedy that we remember when we need help from sunburn. You need to smear your skin with cool, but not cold sour cream or yogurt without additives.

These products create a protein film on your epidermis that alleviates discomfort and soothes the skin. You can immediately apply directly, but you can lubricate the gauze and apply to a sore spot.

Tocopherol is a powerful antioxidant, it will help reduce skin inflammation caused by sunburn. Use oily vitamin E on your epidermis. By the way, it is also useful for the disappearance of peeling.

Baking soda

The following mixture can weaken the sunburn. Combine 4 tbsp. soda with some water to get a pasty consistency. Using a cotton pad, apply the composition to the affected epidermis. Wait 10 minutes, then dispose of the mixture with cool water. Do this 1-2 times a day.

Apple vinegar

Mix the same amount of cool water and apple cider vinegar. Soak the gauze in the solution and apply it to the skin lesion. Wait until it is completely dry. Do compresses several times a day. This will help reduce pain and soothe the dermis.

Natural honey

Being a natural antibiotic, honey helps to heal the skin and keep moisture in it at an optimal level. The enzyme contained in this product helps restore damaged dermis, reduces inflammation and relieves swelling.

Just apply a thin layer of honey to the burn site, let it dry. Use 2-3 times a day. And also, to increase immunity, take 1 tbsp. honey with a glass of warm water 3 times a day. Honey can also be applied to burnt lips.

Magic spice

Turmeric can help with blisters and blisters. It has a pronounced antiseptic effect, relieves pain and inflammation. To do this, its powder must be combined with barley and yogurt. Apply the resulting mixture to the skin and wait 30 minutes. Rinse with cool water.

To reduce blisters and cool the skin, you can dip tea bags with chamomile in cold water and then attach them to the bubbles. Chamomile has a powerful calming and moisturizing effect.

Pharmacy drugs

At the nearest pharmacy you can always buy pills, ointments and sprays to eliminate the effects after exposure to the sun.

  1. Take non-prescription painkillers - non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen or naproxen.
  2. 1% hydrocortisone ointment will help relieve pain symptoms, itching and swelling.
  3. Panthenol, sold in various forms of release, will eliminate pain, moisturize the skin and reduce inflammation.

Blister Care

If your skin peels off after tanning, picking it is not recommended. Also, do not yet use various scrubs and body peels. Do not go out in the sun - this will only worsen the situation.

If blisters appear, then this is a serious burn. Experts do not advise them to cover, the bubbles just need to be left alone until they heal themselves. Clothing should not rub them.

Do not try to burst the blisters yourself when the time comes they will do it themselves. Otherwise, you can get an infection. If they really interfere, then consult a doctor. He will evaluate the situation, and perhaps he will conduct their removal under sterile conditions.

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