Today, TV has ceased to be something amazing and inaccessible. Such a miracle of technology is literally in every home. The modern market every day offers more and more new models, stuffed with "advanced" technologies.
To buy a really good TV and not overpay for those options that may never come in handy, you should understand in advance new trends and trends. Advice from sales consultants is not always helpful. After all, the main goal of such assistants is to sell quickly and more expensively. This is especially true for those models that have long lingered on store shelves and do not meet the needs and expectations of the consumer.
Next, we will analyze which TV is better to choose in 2019 according to experts, and what you should really pay attention to when buying this expensive equipment.
What to look for when choosing
The correct selection of a modern TV depends on many parameters. And the question of price here is far from in the first place. Clearly, a good TV cannot be cheap. However, do not forget that you will use the equipment for more than one month, and maybe a year. Therefore, the issue of saving to the detriment of quality is not worth it. At the same time, you need to think in advance which features are important to you, and which you can safely donate, while saving a lot. So here we go.
- Screen type
- Backlight type
- Screen resolution
- Response time and frequency
- Brightness and contrast
- Sound quality
- Additional functions
- operating system
See also - Rating of the best televisions with a diagonal of 46 and 47 inches
This is the first parameter to pay attention to. The following technologies are presented on the market:
- CRT. This is the most inexpensive and, one might say, “prehistoric” option. This type of TV was probably in every Soviet house, and many grandparents can still see it today. The main qualities of this type of television are its low price and long life. At the same time, they are quite bulky and have minimal functionality. Among other things, it has been proven that long viewing of a TV with such a screen negatively affects vision.
- LCD- liquid crystal (LCD). At a relatively low cost, these models boast good picture quality, high color rendering and shallow depth. The main disadvantage of such screens is the fact that they are prone to burnout. Therefore, they should be placed so that direct sunlight does not fall on them. Otherwise, spots will appear on the screen over time.
- LED screens. These are much more “advanced” models. Unlike LCD displays, LED matrix backlighting is used here. So in terms of size, they are even slightly thinner than their LCD counterparts. At the same time, LED-screens delight with good picture quality and “eat” much less electricity.
- Plasma panels. Here, the screen is not crystals with liquid, but sealed cells filled with gas. So in another way they can be called "gas-cell". Thanks to this design, although the technique provides a better picture and does not fade, it consumes significantly more electricity. In addition, plasma models are simply impossible to make small. The minimum screen size in this case will be 32 inches.
- Laser screens. One of the fairly new developments (less than 10 years). Such screens have a long life and consume little electricity. At the same time, the picture is of good enough quality. Perhaps their main disadvantage can be considered high cost.
- Projection. Such models are highly controversial in terms of price-quality ratio. Demonstrating good color reproduction and image quality, they, at the same time, are prone to the appearance of "broken" pixels. Parts of the screen simply fade over time, reducing image quality. In addition, projection models have a limited viewing angle, which also does not add to their popularity.
Another criterion by which to choose a TV is the physical parameters of the screen. Modern models are flat and concave. The first are most common, are quite popular and are much cheaper. The latter have the ability to completely immerse the viewer inside the picture, create the effect of presence. Needless to say, concave models are significantly more expensive.
The type of backlight also affects the cost of the TV and the quality of the supplied image. Depending on the amount you are willing to spend on the purchase. You can choose one of these:
- Edge LED - Modern models with a good viewing angle. The LEDs in it are located along the contour of the screen, thereby creating some semblance of a luminous frame. This allows you to make the device thin and quite economical.
- Direct LED - more "advanced" technology. Here, the LEDs are dispersed throughout the plane. Adjustment can be made for each individual diode. This makes it possible to easily adjust local dimming of colors, which in turn allows you to make the picture more vivid and contrast. TVs with Direct LED technology give a more colorful and "juicy" image.
- QLED - does not provide for a backlight unit at all. The technology involves the use of quantum dots, which act as the backlight. These televisions convey colors that are most acceptable to the human eye. The picture will be bright, but very natural, not “acidic”. Such a TV is much more expensive than the others, however, this fact does not make it less popular.
- OLED - super modern development. Instead of a backlight unit, diodes coated with a phosphor that glows when an electric pulse passes are used here. Such models have the largest viewing angle. Even if you watch your favorite shows for hours, your eyes will never get tired. However, not everyone can afford such a TV. The cost of the models is really high.
Another important parameter. On the market you can find models from 14 to 110 inches. When choosing a diagonal, you should focus not only on the popularity of the model, but also on such criteria:
- Dimensions of the room. The greater the distance from the viewing point to the wall on which the equipment will be placed. For small rooms, such as a bedroom or kitchen, a small model is suitable, for a large room and equipment should be appropriate. To approximate the size of the diagonal, measure the distance. The size of the TV should be about 1/4 of the distance to the viewing point (of course, you need to measure in the same units).
- Intended purpose. If you need a TV in the kitchen to watch morning and evening news - a 26-inch screen will be enough. To equip a home theater, it is better to consider the dimensions larger. If the size of the room allows, you can "start" from 55 inches. The 32–55-inch range is estimated to be great for a large bedroom or medium-sized living room.
See also - How to choose the optimal TV diagonal
Under this concept is the size of the image, measured in pixels. The larger this parameter, the better and sharper the image looks. Today there are 4 main varieties of this parameter:
- HD (1280x720, or 1366x768 pixels) - such a resolution is inherent in small inexpensive models, for the "kitchen" option is quite enough.
- Full HD (1920x 1080) - the most common devices. Image quality is quite average, pricing is affordable. The vast majority of devices are equipped with such technology.
- Ultra HD - 4K (4096x2160, or 3840x2160) - the technology is inherent in models with a diagonal of at least 32 inches in diagonal. It delivers a very high-quality image, however, it is quite expensive. Watch the ranking of the best TVs with 4K-resolution.
- Ultra HD - 8K (7680x 4320) - ultra-modern technology, unfortunately not yet available to most users. And the choice of models due to the high cost is not so diverse.
When choosing, it is worthwhile to focus not only on your wallet, but also on the purposes for which the TV is purchased. If you plan to watch analog broadcasts, it makes no sense to purchase an apparatus with FHD technology, and even more so UHD. The maximum signal that can run through the cable will be significantly lower. High resolutions are an indispensable condition for those who plan to watch movies in high definition or to connect gaming platforms.
This parameter directly proceeds from the previous one. Most modern TVs have a widescreen 16: 9 display. This indicator is the most popular, it is supported by the vast majority of television programs, videos and films. This is also the most physiological indicator for humans, judging by the results of studies conducted by scientists. There are other popular formats - 21: 9 and 16:10. They are used on television screens with large diagonals.
Response time and frequency
This is another indicator that you should pay attention to. The response time is a parameter characterizing the change in the position of the crystal in each pixel. It depends on how quickly the image will change during movement. If this indicator is insufficient, the so-called loop will be visible on the screen, which is not very comfortable.
The refresh rate is also an important metric. The larger the number, the better. Good mid-range televisions have a refresh rate of at least 400 Hz. The highest rate reaches 1,000 Hz.
Brightness and contrast
A picture of a good TV should be bright and juicy. At the same time, the device should not work to the limit of its capabilities. To check, ask the consultant to take the remote control and show the appropriate scale in the settings. If there are middle positions - everything is in order. If the slider is pushed “to the edge”, they try to deceive you by artificially overestimating the image quality at a fairly low cost.
This option is also important when choosing a TV. The cleaner the sound reproduced by the speakers will be, the more comfortable the viewing will be. Televisions with built-in Dolby Digital decoder and NICAM support have the best audio performance. In good TVs, the total power of stereo speakers is at least 20 watts. Best if the speakers are multi-channel.
When choosing a new TV, be sure to inspect it on the sides and back. It is in these places that the “sockets" for connecting various equipment are most often located: game consoles, tuners, webcams, headphones, flash drives and so on. The more of these connectors on your TV, the better. The most popular are:
- USB port They connect webcams, Wi-Fi, "flash drives", a headset, a keyboard and mouse, and more. So one such connector will be clearly not enough.
- This includes the transmission of audio and video signals from a computer, camcorder, gaming platforms and consoles, and so on.
- PAL - “socket” for analog broadcasting.
- DVB-C / DVB-S - for satellite television and "numbers".
- TV and VCR are synchronized through this port.
- Mini-jack or Jack5. Headphones are inserted here.
- S-video. An analog port for transferring pictures from a PC to a TV.
When buying, pay attention to the existing connectors coincide with those on the equipment you have already purchased. Otherwise, you cannot use them.
There is also a whole series of useful functions that modern TVs have. Whether you need them or not, determine yourself. We just list all the possible "lotions" of modern technology:
- 3D screen. It is enough to add special glasses to the TV and visit the cinema will no longer be necessary. You can enjoy a three-dimensional image of the house without getting up from your favorite sofa. It is worth remembering that when watching 3D movies for a long time, your eyes may get tired and sore.
- Wi-fi support. So you will "sit" on the Internet directly through the TV. It is necessary that this technology does not require additional wires, this is inconvenient.
- Anti-glare screen. Even with very intense lighting, the TV screen will not turn into a mirror. Watching such a TV is much more comfortable.
- Picture in picture. This technology allows you to view multiple channels at once.
- Maintaining a memory card. The TV has a special connector that allows you to directly connect memory from a smartphone, camera or phone.
- 24p True Cinema. The function allows you to submit the image with the exact frequency as it was taken - 24 frames / sec. With this view, the eyes get tired much more slowly.
- The function allows you to pause the broadcast. On simple televisions, this is not possible. The Time Shift system allows you not to miss a single minute of an interesting movie or football match.
- Smart tv. Live streaming of movies and other online content directly from the Internet. Simply connect the TV to the network.
- "List of favorite programs." Allows you to add everything you like to your favorites. You don’t have to constantly flip channels and keep track of time.
- Using this technology, you can transfer content directly from your smartphone. No wires are required for this.
- Voice and gesture control. You no longer need to make sure that the remote control is not lost. The technology is so specific that many cannot get used to it.
- Progressive scan. The technology allows you to get a clearer and higher quality image due to sequential frame transfer.
This is not all that modern TVs can do. It is worth noting that most of the functions, although quite convenient, are not always worth the extra money spent on them. Users note that most of the "bells and whistles" bothers after a few months of use and become simply an expensive filling.
Modern TVs are equipped with completely different OS. Each of them has both advantages and disadvantages. Based on user reviews - it's all a matter of habit. Someone likes one, and someone else. Therefore, do not make this parameter the main selection criterion. There are several main OSs:
- Tizen - inherent in Samsung
- WebOC - LG runs on it,
- Android TV - used on Philips and Sony TVs,
- Firefox OS - used in Panasonic.
Which company to choose
The production of television sets has become so widespread that models with names that are completely not talking about anything to customers have begun to appear on the market. Of course, this does not mean at all that they are of poor quality. However, if you do not want to tempt fate, it is better to give preference to trusted brands:
- LG - A South Korean company engaged in the production of this type of equipment for many years. She was one of the first to introduce OLED technology and demonstrates quite good results in this matter. See the ranking of the best models from LG.
See also - Which company TV is better
Good models are also produced by Sharp, VVK, AKAI, DEXP and Supra. The semi-forgotten brands HORIZONT, Thomson, Hitachi and JVC are slightly lower in quality, but also quite popular. Before giving preference to a particular model, do not be too lazy to collect the maximum amount of information about it. "Walk" through the forums, study the real reviews of those who already have this technology. So, you will first-hand learn about the advantages and disadvantages of a particular model.
When you know how to choose a TV for your home, office or summer house, you can safely go shopping. Now no consultant can persuade you to buy something that you absolutely do not need. To choose a quality product, it is enough to study all the recommendations in advance, decide on the necessary parameters and figure out what exactly can be purchased for the amount available.
Pay attention to the formats that the device supports. Most popular: MPEG-4, MKV and XVid. Right in the store you can check the sound quality, study the viewing angle and evaluate the color content of the picture. Ask the seller for the remote control and scroll through the menu. Listen to your feelings - the control system should be intuitive and uncomplicated. And, of course, you should like the TV visually. After all, it will become the main decoration of the living room or bedroom for several years.
Make a small crib for yourself to choose the best TV. Mark all the most important qualities and compare with the amount available. Using our tips, you will probably very quickly find exactly what you need.
TV: Plasma, LCD or LED?
The most modern display manufacturing technologies that are used by the electronics industry in the television production segment are LCD (their operating principle is based on the physics of liquid crystals), LED (in addition to liquid crystals, special LEDs are also used) and plasma (work using gas discharge elements ) Дисплеи, конструируемые на основе этих трех технологий, постепенно заменяют традиционные ЭЛТ (электронно-лучевые трубки). Как выбрать телевизор, исходя из плюсов и минусов каждой из них?
LCD и LED-дисплеи объединяет прежде всего компактность («плоский экран»). Также для данных технологий характерно пониженное, в сравнении с ЭЛТ-мониторами, энергопотребление. Discussions are underway regarding image quality in an expert environment. Some experts emphasize that LCD TVs are characterized by a fairly low level of contrast, there is a distortion effect when viewing the screen from different angles. LED devices for the most part do not have such disadvantages.
LED TVs are divided into two sub-segments, depending on the type of backlight. The most common today are Direct and Edge. The first type of backlight is characterized by the location of the diodes directly below the matrix of the monitor. The picture, thanks to this solution, turns out to be clear, bright and saturated. But such devices are much more expensive than their counterparts, which use Edge technology, in which the LEDs are not located under the matrix, but along its perimeter. In addition to low cost, this technique has another advantage - a small thickness (no more than three centimeters).
Among the disadvantages of LCD-TVs (especially for older models) is the presence of a “pause” between the signal on the screen and the actual projection of the image. This interval is called the “matrix response." When thinking about how to choose an LCD TV, keep this in mind. The technology used in the screens of LCD devices implies such a feature: when a current is applied to the matrix, the pixels begin to glow (produce a programmed color cast) not immediately, but after a certain period of time. The smaller it is, the image quality, especially in dynamics (when there is intense movement of the video), is higher.
Plasma televisions are devices in which gas flasks are used instead of liquid crystals and LEDs. Such devices are characterized by very high brightness and contrast. In terms of image quality, "plasma", as many experts believe, is significantly superior to LED and LCD TVs. However, it has a number of significant drawbacks. First of all, it is high power consumption. In addition, the technology features are such that screen “pixels” fade over time. In addition, the price of such devices is usually higher than that of LED and LCD-analogues with similar functions.
"And which TV is better to choose?" - the reader may ask. There is no definite answer. The buyer has to decide which is more important: picture quality, power consumption or device shelf life.
Projection TV: In-Room Mini Cinema
Among the innovative types of TVs are projection ones. They are designed like a movie theater when a color image is projected onto a white canvas. Their main advantage is the low price. Experts note, however, that such devices have the aforementioned problem associated with burnout of pixels. In addition, the image for many users does not seem bright and unstable when viewing from different angles.
Does the brand matter?
Having determined the criteria for choosing a modern TV in terms of display technology, the buyer will surely pay attention to who produced the TV. There is a version that almost all household appliances are assembled according to the same principles, similar or completely identical technologies. Sometimes devices differ only in the brand logo on the panel. There are opponents of this thesis who believe that the quality of the equipment is still highly dependent on the manufacturer. In support of this, they give figures on sales volumes, which clearly show that there are leaders and outsiders in the market. Which suggests that the quality of technology produced by those and others is different.
Which TV to choose - Japanese, Korean, European or Russian? This question is answered, of course, by the buyer himself. But consider the features of the market positioning of leading brands, of course, is worth it. This will help to form an idea of the viability and competitiveness of the manufacturer and give some clues as to which brand of television to choose.
Equal to SAMSUNG
In recent years, the Korean brand has been the leader in the Russian market in terms of TV sales (it accounts for about 30% of revenue in the segment).
The specificity of Samsung is that a significant part of the products is manufactured in Russia, at an electrical factory in the Kaluga Region. It is possible that some buyers of TV, thinking about how to choose a TV for the home, first of all pay attention to the country of manufacture of the equipment. The fact that the device was released in Russia can please patriotic citizens.
It is significant that in 2012, when many of the largest market players went at a minus turnover, Samsung sales in Russia increased by 12%. Marketers say that the brand has a competent marketing policy, and also pays great attention to the constant updating of the line of TV models. Some experts also emphasize the fact that Koreans have played one of the most important roles in promoting SmartTV technology on the Russian market, which is now rapidly gaining popularity.
PHILIPS breathes in the back
The Dutch brand Philips is the second by sales in Russia after Samsung (about 20% of the market). Like the Koreans, the European company opened its own production facilities in the Russian Federation - in Kaliningrad and in the village of Shushary (Leningrad Region).
Experts praise Philips for a wide range of models in a wide variety of price segments. Thus, everyone has the opportunity to buy a good and at the same time inexpensive TV. If the buyer is thinking about how to choose a TV diagonal, and at the same time he is interested in the acceptable cost of the device, he may need to pay attention to offers from the Dutch.
By the way, one of the samples of their equipment has earned the title of the best 3D TV in Europe in 2011-2012. However, it is worth noting that the global marketing strategy of the brand was not very successful. Due to large losses, the concern sold the bulk of the shares of TPV Technology (Hong Kong).
TOSHIBA: honorary bronze
The share of the Japanese brand TOSHIBA in Russia is about 12%. Experts explain the success of the company by the fact that the TVs it produces are usually very easy to learn, it takes a little time to set them up. Just like Philips, the company is ready to offer a Russian buyer a wide selection of models in a wide price range.
SONY: almost pedestal
In fourth place in Russia is the Japanese brand SONY (about 10% of the market). Experts explain the brand’s popularity in the Russian Federation by the fact that the company has established itself well in the first years of its appearance on the Russian market. Until now, the SONY brand has been associated with high quality among the residents of our country. True, as in the case of Philips, the situation at the global level for the Japanese company is not too good: over the past few years, according to analysts, the company has been steadily incurring losses.
Other famous brands
There are other major players in the TV sales segment. Many Russians decide to choose LG TV - this brand has about 9% of the market share in the Russian Federation.
Significant positions are also held by Panasonic, which traditionally offers Russians interesting innovative solutions.
Top 10 Most Important Options
After we have decided on the display technology and brand, the question will arise: "How to choose a TV based on the need for certain functions?" Consider the 10 most important criteria for modern TV, which you can focus on when purchasing a device in a store. It is worth noting that they are universal for all types of devices popular today - LCD, LED, plasma. So, our task is to choose a TV according to the parameters that are most significant for the modern buyer.
1. Resolution matrix
There are two main formats - HD Ready (considered lower level) and Full HD (more innovative). Experts note that choosing a matrix with Full HD (a TV supporting it, as a rule, is more expensive) does not make sense, if the device’s screen is small, it’ll be difficult to see small details. To see how good a picture is in HD modes, it makes sense to choose a 32-inch TV at least.
2. Support HDTV and UDTV standards
HDTV stands for High Definition Television. This is an innovative standard that allows you to get very high image quality due to the most efficient use of high resolution devices in combination with digital data transfer technologies. Also, the HDTV standard allows you to achieve the highest sound quality (due to multi-channel playback of the audio stream). The typical format of an HDTV screen is 16x9. In the process of further improving the technology, the UDTV standard appeared, which stands for "ultra-high definition television."
3. Screen Resolution
Resolution is a parameter that determines the number of dots (pixels) per unit area. The more of them, the brighter, sharper, richer the picture. Resolution, as a rule, is indicated in units of vertical (for example, 1080 p or 720 p, where p are pixels, pixels), but the number of points forming their image is also indicated almost equally often horizontally. For example: resolution 1920x1080. TVs with support for Full HD, as a rule, have an indicator of at least 1080 p.
The higher the contrast of the device, the higher the image quality. This parameter is the ratio of the maximum brightness level of the monitor to the minimum. Contrast is one of the most important characteristics for LCD and plasma TVs.
5. Sound power
The higher this setting, the better the sound quality. Even if the nominal volume level of the TV is low, with significant power we have less distortion of the sound stream. That is, the question is not the loudness of the speakers (including the external ones being connected), but the level of technology of the sound subsystem of the device.
6. The presence of multimedia connectors: HDMI, SCART, VGA D-sub, USB
If the TV has an HDMI interface connector, this will greatly expand the functionality of the device. This technology allows you to transmit video and audio signals in digital format. Using HDMI technology, you can, for example, synchronize a TV picture and a computer monitor image (or mobile devices).
SCART is an innovative interface, which is a switching connector that is compatible with a lot of multimedia standards - S-Video, composite video, stereo audio, etc. Using the SCART connector, you can not only send a signal to the TV, but also receive a digital data stream with the device itself (for example, to record video on a tape recorder or computer).
This interface is designed to transmit the video signal from the TV to other devices with minimal distortion. The VGA standard was first used in personal computers. Now it can be used to exchange information between many types of devices.
Another typical “computer” interface that has been introduced into the television industry is USB. Using this connector, you can connect flash drives, other drives, a large number of other devices to the TV.
7. 3D support
One of the most pronounced trends in the modern TV industry is 3D technology. They allow you to see the image displayed on the screen in three-dimensional projection, that is, in the form as close as possible to the real one. Watching three-dimensional films and clips is very exciting for people. Many now and then think about questions of such a plan: they say I have a 3D TV. How to choose a good movie to watch tonight? And forget about important pressing matters.
8. Support SmartTV technology
SmartTV is an attempt to “hybridize” TV and computer. If the TV supports this technology, it turns into a kind of PC (or, with a certain architecture of the platform, into a “big” smartphone, into which you can download various applications).
We noted above that the popularization of SmatTV technology in Russia is largely due to the marketing of the Korean company SAMSUNG. Therefore, if the question is “how to choose a smart TV”, then it may make sense to pay attention primarily to offers from this Asian brand. It can be assumed that, occupying about 40% of sales of smart TVs, SAMSUNG is able to supply Russian users with a wider range of capabilities - in particular, in terms of the number of specialized TV applications and their adaptation to the Russian market.
9. “Picture in Picture”
Before choosing a TV completely, having studied the specifics of displays, brand positions and having analyzed the necessary options, you should pay attention to a number of additional functions that are quite useful in many cases. Among them - support for the technology "picture in picture", in which the screen can be displayed not one, but two or more images from different sources. This allows you to watch multiple channels at the same time (or, for example, a specific program and a DVD movie).
10. Child protection
Another useful feature is to protect the TV from children. Before you ask yourself how to choose the size of the TV, it makes sense to think about whether it turns out that on the big screen something will be shown that is not quite compatible with the age of the audience? And if so, maybe you should choose a device that allows you to restrict the display of unwanted images (for children, for example)?
Moreover, many modern TVs have such options. Using a special code (or a sequence of actions performed by the user), access to certain channels or functions of the device can be prohibited. So, for example, you can block channels of the category "adult". It is important not only how to choose the right TV, but also how to watch it correctly, from the point of view of the perception of TV images by different categories of viewers.
Choose a TV antenna
Despite the dominance of digital technologies that allow you to watch TV shows in unprecedented quality of video and sound, the use of traditional TV antennas is still relevant.
For residents of cottages and country houses, the solution to the task of installing a high-quality device for receiving a signal is much more important than the question of how to choose a good TV. What parameters should be taken into account so that the channels are well “caught”? Consider the characteristics that are applicable to devices for receiving any type of signal. Knowing the following features may come in handy for those who are interested in how to choose a room antenna for a TV.
The higher it is, the more likely it is to “catch” the signal, and the more clear the image will be. This parameter should not be confused with any values for a device called an “antenna amplifier”. In this case, we are talking about ordinary ("passive") room equipment. Gain is measured in decibels. A good indicator, experts call the value of 3 dB.
2. radiation pattern
Measured in degrees. This characteristic, according to experts, is one of the determining factors for indoor antennas. The range of the most common values is 40-80 degrees.
3. Interference immunity factor
Measured in decibels. The higher the ratio, the better the television picture. This parameter shows how big the difference in signal reception is between different parts of the device.
How to install a street antenna?
Having decided how to choose an antenna for the TV, in terms of key technical parameters, we systematically approach the following question: "Where to place the device?". If possible, take the equipment outside - this increases the likelihood of "catching" more TV channels than using an indoor antenna. Not to mention the quality of the picture - it is almost guaranteed to be higher.
Masters recommend paying attention to the following key nuances when installing outdoor antennas.
First, if possible, there should be direct visibility between the device and the TV tower.
Secondly, the antenna should be clearly fixed. It should not unfold and sway strongly from the wind.
Thirdly, the cable connecting the equipment and the TV must have a sufficiently large cross section (the best option is 8 millimeters). In this case, the signal from the device to the TV will pass with minimal distortion.
Fourth, if there is an amplifier, you need to put it on the antenna itself, and not in the room. Only in this case will its functionality be fully utilized.
No matter how functional and technologically advanced modern digital TVs are, “how to choose a high-quality TV antenna” is quite a relevant issue. We hope you have received an exhaustive answer to it.