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Driving in a properly tuned driver's seat will be more comfortable and safer for you. You can customize the driver’s seat in various ways: move it closer or further from the steering wheel by changing the backrest and adjusting the height of the headrest. As soon as you adjust your seat, make sure that you are correctly positioned behind the wheel. And never forget to fasten your seat belt!
Longitudinal position of the seat
Sit tight in the driver's seat, so that the lower back is pressed to the back. Depress the clutch pedal all the way. With proper adjustment, the leg should remain slightly bent at the knee. It should not reach the pedal with the toe of the foot, but should not be too bent.
If you have a car with an automatic transmission, then with your right foot, depress the brake and gas pedals one by one. Try to find a seat position in which it will be convenient for you to click on them, while the heel of the foot should not come off the floor.
There is another way. Rest your left foot on the floor to the left of the brake pedal. To the place where the clutch pedal is usually located (well, if it were). As in the first case, the leg should remain slightly bent at the knee. And if possible do not move too close forward. You probably will not see the front edge of the hood anyway, but it is advisable to be at a greater distance from the airbag hidden in the steering wheel itself. Of course, the pillows are not hidden in all the wheels :)
The abdomen and hips in this position should not be in contact with the steering wheel. If this is not possible, then either change the car, or urgently on a diet :)
Put your outstretched hand on the upper part of the steering wheel, while the blades should be firmly pressed to the back of the seat. If your hand touches the rim with your wrist, then the seatback is adjusted correctly.
Try to sit not slouching, but bending slightly backward. It is advisable to sit as deep as possible in the corner between the back and the seat. If the chair provides for adjustment of lumbar support, achieve a slight deflection of the spine in the lower back.
Steering column and seat height
If there is a steering column adjustment, it should be installed so that the hands holding the steering wheel in the “10 and 2” position are slightly lower than the shoulder level. Usually, the lower the steering wheel, the more comfortable it is to hold it and the hands get tired less, but at the same time, it should not block the instrument panel and rub on its feet.
If the car has an adjustment of the height of the seat cushion, (the so-called "lift" of the seat), then as a rule beginners strive to raise the seat higher for a better view. And it really does not significantly increase visibility. And there is nothing wrong with that, the main thing is that the rest of the adjustments are normal.
If you can adjust the angle of the seat cushion (what you are sitting on), set its front edge just above the rear. This will create optimal support for the hips, as well as press the body to the back.
While driving, the driver’s head should not touch the headrest. Its main purpose is not to support the head constantly, but to protect the cervical vertebrae from a fracture in case of a probable blow to the rear of the car in case of an accident.
Moreover, the higher the head restraint and the closer it is to the back of the head, the more effective the neck protection from injuries.
Therefore, it is advisable to set the headrest higher so that when the head is tilted, the middle part of the nape touches its middle.
Or do it easier: align the height of the head restraint with the crown and bring it as close to the head as possible.
When driving, try not to wear “thick” winter clothing, which creates a bulk layer between the driver’s body and the seat.
Roughnesses of the road surface, road inclines, acceleration, wheel lock, car skidding and much more, the driver reads his back and the “fifth point” from the seat.
Therefore, winter clothes or thick covers deprive the driver of timely and critical information about the car. For the same reason, it is extremely undesirable to increase the height of the seat, placing something on the seat.
Develop a habit of fastening your seat belt immediately after getting into the car and adjusting the seat, especially with airbags. Remember that even in the event of a minor accident, a pillow can injure an unfastened driver or passenger.
Depending on the design of the car, landing may be:
- high, sedentary (as on a chair): VAZ-classic, SUVs, etc.
- low, reclining (as in a chair): VAZ-front-wheel drive, sports coupe, etc.
The first option gives a slightly larger overview, which is important for city trips with numerous parking lots and maneuvering in heavy traffic.
The second is more suitable specifically for cars with a sporty character, where the low center of gravity plays an important role. Low landing also allows you to better feel the car.
For this reason, it is still desirable to lower the "elevator" of the seat as low as possible.
For rear-wheel drive cars and longer trips, adjusting the back is more suitable in which the steering wheel at 12 o’clock is reached with a straightened hand.
In preparing this article, various authoritative sources were used, including materials from the Useful Pages of the Za Rulem publishing house.