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Why does stress cause stomach pain?


Chronic gastritis is one of the most common pathologies of the digestive tract in the adult population. The fact that the stomach hurts from nerves is often said to therapists at the reception.

The appearance of such a symptom means that a person needs a full examination and adequate therapy. This article will talk about the relationship of chronic stress with gastric damage, the symptoms of the disease and its treatment.

Can the stomach hurt from nerves?

Many people wonder if the stomach can hurt after severe stress. It is important to understand such a complex process as the nervous regulation of the stomach.

The contraction of the muscular membrane of the stomach, the synthesis of various enzymes (pepsin, gastrin, etc.) and hydrochloric acid - all this is carried out under the influence of the central and peripheral nervous system.

Stressful situations lead to a massive release of catecholamines (norepinephrine and adrenaline) into the bloodstream and disruption of the nervous system. As a result of this, motility and other important functions of the digestive tract, including the stomach, suffer.

Stomach neurosis is a special condition that occurs against a background of stress and leads to an imbalance between the factors of defense and aggression. The first include bicarbonates and mucus, which is produced by the goblet cells of the epithelial membrane and envelops the organ wall, protecting it from the effects of negative factors.

The main factors of aggression are a high concentration of hydrochloric acid of gastric juice, gastrin, pepsin, as well as an anaerobic bacterium that lives in the pyloric department - Helicobacter pylori.

Thus, a stressful situation leads to impaired gastrointestinal motility in the form of spasms and activates aggression factors that damage the wall of the stomach, causing pain and inflammation.

Causes of stomach pain during and after stress

The main reasons that the stomach hurts after stress:

  1. Dysfunction of the smooth muscle of the organ. Violation of the muscular membrane contributes to the development of spasms, inhibits grinding, absorption, grinding and the normal evacuation of food into the small intestine. Stagnation in the stomach of a forming chyme leads to pain.
  2. Increased production of hydrochloric acid is another cause of pain in the stomach. The hyperacid state of gastric juice aggressively affects the mucous membrane, injuring it and causing inflammation in it. Any inflammatory process is always accompanied by pain.
  3. Active propagation of H. pylori. These bacteria produce a special enzyme - urease, which changes the pH of the environment around it, thereby provoking enhanced synthesis of hydrochloric acid by parietal cells. Over time, such infection and the influence of provoking factors lead to the development of chronic gastritis.

In addition, against the background of psychoemotional stress, a large number of people experience severe hunger, which subsequently "seizes" with an abundance of food. It also negatively affects the digestive system, causing a feeling of heaviness and soreness in the projection of the stomach.

Effect on the stomach

Scientists say that during stress in a person in the mucous membrane of the stomach, blood circulation is disturbed.Because of this, its integrity begins to suffer. The lining of the stomach ceases to function normally. There is pain in the abdomen. Various diseases begin from this: gastritis, pancreatitis, ulcer.

Whatever the person who adheres to a healthy lifestyle, no matter what healthy food he consumes, if he experiences frequent stresses in his life, he is on the way to a stomach disease. If a person is constantly suppressed by stress or is on the verge of a nervous breakdown, then the stomach completely loses its protective functions, and there is scope for the emergence of all kinds of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

With stress, the following symptoms appear:

  1. Pain in the stomach.
  2. Nausea.
  3. Vomiting
  4. Stomach cramps.
  5. Bloating, colic, gas.
  6. Lump in the throat.

The spiritual and physical in a person is deeply interconnected with each other, so the occurrence of abdominal pain directly depends on our emotional state. It is believed that the human brain and intestines have common nerve paths, so when the brain responds to stress, the intestine receives the same signal and also responds to it.

Symptoms of Gastritis Due to Stress

Chronic nervous tension, poor and unbalanced nutrition, smoking, as well as a genetic predisposition are the leading factors in the occurrence of gastritis, which has the following characteristic symptoms:

  • Pain that occurs immediately or 30-40 minutes after eating, which depends on the level of damage to the organ. Usually they are aching or spastic in nature, worse after physical exertion or stress. Patients often complain that their stomach hurts because of nerves.
  • Nausea is an almost constant symptom in lesions of the upper digestive tube. In some cases, it is replaced by vomiting of food eaten or the contents of a hollow organ, which brings the patient some relief. This is due to the unloading of the organ as a result of the evacuation of stagnant food in it.
  • The feeling of fullness in the stomach occurs due to prolonged stagnation of the food lump in the stomach.
  • Heartburn appears against the background of reflux of digestive juice into the lumen of the lower part of the esophagus. It is characterized by pain, a burning sensation behind the sternum.
  • Disturbed digestion also provokes the appearance of an unpleasant specific smell from the mouth.
  • Stool disorder in the form of constipation or diarrhea.
  • Flatulence is a large accumulation of gases in the intestinal tube.
  • Soreness on palpation in the projection of the stomach, a tongue coated with a whitish coating with clear prints of teeth.

In addition, the patient often complains of headaches, fatigue, and loss of appetite.

Nervous Gastritis

Pain in the stomach can be a symptom of nervous gastritis, which occurs with often experienced stresses.

It is necessary to distinguish between ordinary gastritis and nervous. Nervous is called gastritis, resulting from frequent stresses. It is said that 80 (!)% Of the world's inhabitants suffer from this disease. Gastritis, acquired by stress, can provoke a stomach ulcer and cancer. Ordinary gastritis is formed with excessive use of alcohol, nicotine products, malnutrition, and a violation in taking medications. If all this is not about you, and you have been diagnosed with gastritis, then look for a problem in your psyche, in your perception of the world. At the current pace of life, residents of megacities are more likely to suffer from nervous gastritis.

Signs of nervous gastritis:

  1. Lump in the throat. Feeling of suffocation.
  2. Frequent vomiting.
  3. Constant fainting.
  4. Heart palpitations.
  5. Acute pain in the stomach after a stressful situation.

If you feel at least one of these symptoms, you should seek the advice of a specialist in this field. This is a gastroenterologist. If the problem is left as is, it will lead to the most serious consequences for the whole organism. If after a stressful situation you feel pain in the stomach or disturbances in the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, then you should make an appointment with a gastroenterologist. Do not self-medicate, it only makes the stomach worse.

Drug therapy

After the diagnosis is established using fibrogastroduodenoscopy, the doctor prescribes medication aimed at eliminating the etiological factor and inflammation in the organ wall.

Since the root cause of the disease is chronic stress, sedatives or sedatives (Novopassit, Phenibut, Glycine, valerian tincture, etc.) are prescribed without fail.

Any of the listed drugs is highly effective and has a small number of possible adverse reactions. The minimum course of admission is one month.

In order for the gastric mucosa to be protected, antacids of the Fosfalugel, Maalox and Almagel type are used for two to four weeks. In order to reduce the level of hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice, a proton pump inhibitor (Omez preparation) or a histamine receptor blocker, Ranitidine, are used.

When Helicobacter pylori infection is established, eradication therapy with two antibiotics is prescribed (most often based on clarithromycin and amoxicillin) and an antacid of your choice.

High antimicrobial activity has De-Nol.

Gastric neurosis

Heaviness in the abdomen, belching, heartburn, pain in the stomach - who has not encountered this? “Probably ate something,” we dismiss. We take some kind of pill and continue our “rat race” again. Most of us have no time to do our health. For some reason, it seems to us that diseases cannot affect us. At the slightest manifestation of the above symptoms, you should consult a doctor, because we cannot determine what exactly we are sick with, nor can we be sure which medicine will help us. Self-medication not only does not heal, but also can do enough harm.

Neurosis of the stomach, this disease is popularly called, doctors classify it as functional dyspepsia. It can be acquired as a result of recent stress, nervous or mental strain, mental trauma or malnutrition. Sometimes dyspepsia can provoke a cup of strong coffee, a cigarette smoked on an empty stomach, a glass of alcohol.

As symptoms of gastric neurosis, spasmodic pains and burning appear. The patient feels discomfort and overflow in the stomach. His stomach swells and hurts. In some cases, acidity decreases, and mucus accumulates in the organ. At the same time, the stomach continues to be sick, the stomach hurts, belching occurs, the appetite is lost, there is a lump in the throat.

Under stress, the adrenaline hormone enters the bloodstream, and the human nervous system prepares to fight. The stomach ceases to do what it is supposed to: digest food. Even when the stressful situation is over, the person does not cease to worry or lives in anticipation of the next stress, the digestion process can “stall”. Not a gastroenterologist, but a psychotherapist will help more in the treatment of this disease. It is he who must find and eliminate the cause of neurosis of the stomach.

How is the stomach and nerves interconnected?

It is interesting to find out if the stomach can hurt from nerves. At the first manifestations of discomfort, many people begin to take various drugs that can worsen their health. With strong mental overexcitation, a spasm of the vessels occurs and the blood flow of the gastrointestinal mucosa decreases.

Over time, the surface changes. The first manifestations of gastritis may appear. Gradually, the gastric mucosa ceases to function normally, and various diseases develop (gastritis, peptic ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer).

Also, inflammation affects other organs of the digestive tract. There is pain in the epigastric region, which is periodic or permanent. Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines can occur even with a normal diet, a healthy and healthy lifestyle.

At the initial stage of damage to the digestive tract, the following symptoms appear:

  • abdominal pain in its various areas (depending on the location of the inflammation),
  • nausea and vomiting
  • unpleasant belching
  • flatulence and bloating,
  • heartburn, feeling full of stomach,
  • a lump in my throat
  • heart palpitations leading to tachycardia.

Stomach ulcer

The concept of psychosomatic disorder has long been known to doctors. By this is meant a situation where mental trauma caused by stress does not appear in the patient’s behavior and thinking, but takes on the form of certain diseases. From here - strokes, heart attack and stomach ulcer.

At the time of stress, in a certain category of people, a special enzyme begins to develop in the stomach, acidity accumulates, and if the situation is not resolved, the tension does not subside, the stomach, as it were, processes itself. And so the ulcer appears.

Stomach ulcer under stress is acquired by people who are prone to self-eating, nervous for any reason, explosive and unbalanced. It is proved that the work of the stomach directly depends on the emotional state of a person. Aggression and viciousness accelerate the processing of food, and a sense of fear and negative thoughts, on the contrary, slow down the work of the stomach, manifested by spasms.

An ulcer also affects individuals who are accustomed to taking everything upon themselves, overly responsible and demanding it from others. Suffering from own unfulfillment, suspiciousness, lack of love, self-flagellation lead to a stomach ulcer. Such people constantly need stimulants: coffee, cigarettes, alcohol, and this exacerbates things.

An ulcer, like gastritis, can be ordinary and nervous. With a typical ulcer, a person leads himself to it by excessive consumption of coffee, cigarettes, alcohol, improper nutrition. Turning to a doctor, he specifically can say what, how and where it hurts. The pain disappears after taking a course of treatment prescribed by a doctor.

With a nervous ulcer, the patient hurts "everything and everywhere." It arises from the stresses suffered. The patient is sweating, fussing, anxious, afraid of something. Medicines for the stomach do not work on him, but soothing nerves help. A tandem treats a ulcer: a gastroenterologist and a psychotherapist.

When a person is under stress, his entire nervous system is affected. The stomach, as an organ rich in nerve fibers, reacts very painfully to this.

Stomach pain caused by stress is treated in the same way as stress.

  1. A sick person needs rest and bed rest.
  2. He is transferred to a strict diet, at least for the first few days. You can even starve. Hunger allows the stomach to relax, relieves irritation and inflammation.
  3. You can do meditation. Later - by physical exercises.
  4. It is important to eliminate the very cause of pain - the prevailing psychological situation.
  5. Folk remedies help: decoctions of chamomile, meadowsweet, yarrow, caraway seeds, flaxseed.
  6. It’s nice to visit a psychologist who will help to deal with current problems.
  7. Some advise doing yoga.

It must be remembered that the true cause of pain in the stomach can only be determined by a qualified medical specialist. Sometimes stomach pains can provoke completely different diseases. Self-medication in any case can cause serious harm to your health.

The cause of pain in the gastric tract

Can the stomach hurt from nerves? Scientists have found that under stress in any, even a healthy person, circulatory disorders occur in the mucous membranes of the gastric tract. The lining of the stomach cannot function normally under stress, which leads to the development of pain in the abdomen of varying intensity.

Stress provokes the appearance and development of pathologies such as ulcers, pancreatitis or gastritis. Anyone is stressed. If he is often nervous due to work or domestic troubles, then the stomach begins to hurt due to the fact that negative changes occur in the stomach. This body is gradually losing its functional qualities.

The following symptoms may appear from stress in a patient:

  • stomach ache,
  • nausea develops, which can turn into vomiting,
  • some people have stomach cramps,
  • if a person had to be nervous a lot, then this condition can cause bloating, the accumulation of gases in it,
  • another sign of negative nervous shake is the appearance of a coma in the throat.

All these symptoms are caused by the emotional state of a person. When the brain responds to a stressful situation, the abdomen and gastrointestinal tract immediately respond to the impact, which can lead to the development of the disease in a certain situation. Ailments such as nervous gastritis, neurosis of the gastric tract, ulcer appear.

The development of nervous gastritis and gastric neurosis

If a person solves most of the problems by the occurrence of severe stressful shocks, then he usually gets nervous gastritis. This disease affects up to 78% of all patients with gastritis. The pathology acquired by the frustrated nerves often provokes the development of various oncological lesions or ulcers of the gastrointestinal tract.

The main signs of such an ailment are as follows:

  • a person feels a lump in his throat and suffocation,
  • the patient has severe and fairly frequent vomiting,
  • the patient often faints,
  • fixed heart rate,
  • the lower part of the stomach hurts.

If a person has felt at least one of the above symptoms, he should seek help from a gastroenterologist. Self-medication is strictly prohibited, as this can lead to sad consequences.

If a person experiences a heaviness in the abdomen, symptoms of heartburn appear, then usually people take a drug, and then forget about the problem. Но если это случилось, лучше сразу обратиться к врачу, так как указанные признаки характерны для функциональной диспепсии, которую часто называют неврозом желудка.

Almost all people who have suffered a severe stress shock or mental strain can get this disease. Often the disease develops against a background of mental trauma or an unhealthy lifestyle. Provoke symptoms of the disease can be taken on an empty stomach a glass of alcohol, a cup of strong coffee.

The following happens with the stomach: under the influence of any of these factors, it develops a burning sensation with severe spasmodic pains. The patient feels overcrowded and discomfort. Sometimes acidity decreases, and mucus begins to accumulate in the gastrointestinal tract.

If a person has pain in the stomach area, there is an eructation, he has lost his appetite, and there is a lump in his throat, then it is better to consult a doctor immediately. Due to the stressful situation in such a patient, adrenaline enters the bloodstream, the stomach stops digesting food. This situation does not disappear even after eliminating the cause of the unrest. And if a person is constantly waiting for problems and worries, then the digestion process may temporarily stop. A psychotherapist is needed to treat such diseases.

Gastrointestinal ulcer

Psychosomatic disorder caused by severe stress, often goes into various painful conditions. Such a patient develops a heart attack or stroke, but the digestive system, in which an ulcer can occur, is most often affected.

In some people, with intense excitement, the stomach synthesizes an enzyme that increases acidity. If a person’s excitement lasts a long enough period, then the stomach begins to process its own tissues with excess acid. This causes the development of an ulcer.

Such a defeat is characteristic of unbalanced people who are explosive in nature, nervous about any, even the most trifling, occasion. Since the work of the digestive tract depends on the emotional state of the patient, anger and aggressiveness accelerate the process of food processing, and fear and negative thoughts provoke spasms due to the slowing down of the digestion process.

Peptic ulcer can develop in people who take full responsibility for themselves and then require the same behavior from other individuals. Suspicion can cause suspicion, suffering from a lack of love, self-flagellation. In such patients, a constant craving for stimulants was recorded, for example, they like strong coffee, smoke a lot, and are addicted to alcohol.

Unlike a normal ulcer caused by excessive abuse of coffee, alcohol or constant smoking, the nervous type of the disease leads the patient to not be able to accurately determine the source of pain after stress. Preparations for the treatment of the digestive tract do not work on such a patient, but medications designed to calm the nerves can help him. Psychotherapists and gastroenterologists jointly treat a nervous ulcer.

Methods of treatment for these diseases

The following methods are used for treatment:

  1. The patient is prescribed bed rest and rest.
  2. The first 2-4 days of such a patient are transferred to a special diet. Some people prefer to starve, as this process relieves irritation and inflammation in the tissues of the gastrointestinal tract.

Doctors recommend physical exercise or meditation for some patients. This helps to improve a person’s mental state.

Treatment continues with traditional medicine recipes. Infusions of meadowsweet, decoctions of flaxseed or chamomile, caraway and yarrow are used. The use of various medications is possible only with the permission of the attending physician. Sometimes, special medications are required for therapy, which can be used correctly only under the supervision of a specialist.

The patient can consult a psychologist. Some doctors advise patients to do yoga. Since pain in the gastric tract, in addition to psychological reasons, can also provoke other pathologies, it is necessary to conduct a full examination of the patient before treatment. Any attempts at self-treatment should be stopped, otherwise a serious deterioration of the patient's condition may occur.

Possible causes of the pathological condition

There are many factors that can provoke pain, nausea and vomiting in humans. The main ones are pathogenic microorganisms, but there are also psychoemotional reasons: anxiety, stress and severe anxiety can lead to a decrease in the body's defenses.

As a result, the body's resistance decreases sharply and the chance of getting sick increases several times. Hence the pain of a different nature, giving in to the stomach. The following are factors leading to discomfort.

Social phobiaThe predisposing factor is the feeling of experiencing an important event, being in the company of unknown people and the fear of not liking them
Severe stress or fearExperiences against the backdrop of a conflict with a loved one, refusal to accept the desired position, etc.
OverexcitationThe reasons can be both positive and negative. Occurs amid prolonged excitement before an important event

The most common cause of pathology is bullying and ridicule from classmates and peers. In addition, teachers and parents can have the same negative effect on the child, due to pressure on him.

Home treatment

You can reduce stomach pain after a stressful situation at home with:

  • A sedative herbal preparation - valerian, produced as a tincture.
  • Sea buckthorn oil is an effective herbal remedy that envelops the wall of the stomach, protecting it from damage.
  • Milk is a food product, the use of which triggers regeneration processes in an inflamed stomach.

Do not forget that folk remedies are used only as an adjunct therapy, and self-medication can worsen the state of health.

Stress ulcer of the stomach and duodenum

Gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer caused by severe stress (hence the name). The principle of the disease is identical with nervous gastritis, only in the absence of the necessary treatment, erosions of different sizes begin to appear on the mucous membrane. If the stomach hurts from nerves, you should immediately consult a specialist and undergo FGS for diagnostic purposes.

Which doctor is treating?

A doctor who specializes in diseases of the digestive tract is a gastroenterologist. He is engaged in the treatment of gastritis of various origins.

However, the psychotherapist will also help to correctly supplement and adjust therapy in case of stressful genesis of the disease. Sometimes, medications alone are not enough to completely cure.

With constant or frequent emotional stress, psychological training and conversations with a doctor are of high therapeutic value.

How to normalize the condition

The main recommendations to eliminate unpleasant symptoms or transfer the disease to the stage of persistent remission:

  • the use of prescribed drug therapy,
  • lifestyle, or rather its modification (playing sports, walking in the fresh air, the correct organization of the regime of the day),
  • what to do is not recommended: to smoke, to abuse alcohol-containing drinks,
  • the use of food in accordance with the principles of proper nutrition (small servings, multiplicity - 5-6 times a day, lack or restriction of fried, smoked, fatty, spicy, refusal from fast food and carbonated drinks),
  • hobbies and regular rest, which will help distract from stressful working conditions or unpleasant situations in the family.

Possible consequences

Persons prone to this, frequent stress can lead not only to the occurrence of chronic gastritis, but also to the development of peptic ulcer or malignant lesions of the stomach.

As practice shows, gastritis is not uncommon in modern society. The disease requires a thorough diagnosis, elimination of the root cause and targeted rational therapy.

Nerve pancreatitis

Pancreatic inflammatory disease caused by psychoemotional overstrain. The mechanism of action of the disease is based on internal experiences, most often manifested in childhood. Why does gland inflammation occur?

The fact is that a frequent cause of pathology is a lack of parental attention, bullying by peers, etc. Children begin to "seize" their grievances, often consuming sweets, semi-finished products, spicy and salty foods, which seem unusually tasty to them. These actions soothe them and they eat again and again.

In addition to a large load on the pancreas, small patients experience a sudden change in mood, their performance decreases and hormone disorder is noted. Signs of pancreatitis are severe herpes zoster pain in the upper abdomen, nausea and vomiting, fever, and indigestion in the form of diarrhea.

Pain in the stomach and any part of the digestive tract caused by stress is treated in the same way as stress.

To do this, it is worth observing some rules that will soon restore normal functioning of internal organs:

  • rest and bed rest,
  • Sogaya diet the first week. You can refuse food for a while - because hunger gives the stomach a rest, relieving irritation and reducing the inflammatory process,
  • minor physical exercises (only with the permission of the attending physician),
  • eliminate the cause of pain - get out of a stressful situation (a psychologist or a good friend will come to the rescue),
  • resort to the use of herbs: a decoction of chamomile, yarrow, caraway seeds, flax seed, etc.

It is worth noting that only a qualified doctor can determine the cause of stomach pain. Sometimes the lower abdomen and its other parts hurt against the background of diseases not related to the digestive tract. Therefore, in no case should you self-medicate in order not to cause even greater harm to your health.