Useful Tips

Correct cropping images - basic concepts


Good day to you, dear visitors of my blog. Have you ever had such a thing that you take pictures, and then BAM. and some alien element fell into the frame, such as a man, woman or child running past, and even looked into the frame as if it were necessary. I personally have had such cases more than once. I still thought: “Here is a scoundrel! Where did you come from? ”

It also happens that the photo turned out to be crooked and then you have to cunningly crap out to make the photo straighter. But I will show you how to facilitate this process. You will learn how to crop any image in Photoshop. The tool "Frame" will help us with this.

Using the framework we can:

  • Straighten the curve (tilted) image
  • Trim unwanted objects
  • Cut only the desired fragment from the image (ideal for avatars)
  • And much more.

So, you are ready. Well then, let's see how to use this tool.

Cutting excess objects

Well, let's start with the cropping. In the photo you see how some type got into the frame on the side, although it was clearly not planned to be put here. This is where cropping will help us, i.e. frame (Pan Crop).

  1. Go into Photoshop and open the image in any way convenient for you.
  2. Select the "Frame" tool and we see how a dotted line appeared around the photo. Did you see? Excellent. But if it is not, then simply click on the photo with the left mouse button and the photo will be highlighted.
  3. We need to remove this young man from the photo, since he is superfluous here. Does everyone have a frame activated? Then hold the left mouse button right on the left border of the photo until a double arrow appears, and without releasing it, drag it to the right until this guy dims. After that, the button can be released.
  4. Now press the key Enter and you will see how the dark side was cropped and no one else spoils the picture. Like this. All clear? Then try it yourself. It turns out? So that's great.

By the way, this photo can be cropped not only from the left side, but also from the upper left corner. To do this, point to the upper left corner of the photo until a double diagonal arrow appears. And again, holding the left mouse button, drag down and to the left until the unnecessary space closes dark. This will cut not only this crank, but also the upper piece (if necessary).

In general, the bottom line is that on which side you need to crop the object, on that side and pull. The tool is just great for such things.

Photo alignment

As I said above, we can not only crop excess objects, but also align the crooked photos. Let's look at an example. Let's say we have a photo that is tilted.

  1. Open the photo in Photoshop and select our crop tool again today. As you can see, the kids are sitting in the photo with a slight slope. Now we will align this matter so that the photo looks right.
  2. Now, go with the mouse to the upper left edge of the image, not just to the edge itself (otherwise you will get a cropping mode), but just above it, until a double arrow appears instead of a cursor.
  3. Now hold down the left mouse button and start moving the mouse either up or down, depending on which side you want to equate. In this case, I will drag the mouse slowly up until the position of the board becomes straight.
  4. If you find the desired position, then feel free to click Enter and see the result.

The only negative with this method is that a small part of the photo is cropped. Those. To achieve evenness of the photo, you need to crop a little around the edges. Something like this. But as a rule, this can be sacrificed. For example, in our case, for sure. Well, did it work out with this method? Very well.

Fragment cut

Another good area of ​​application of this tool is the cutting of a fragment of the image. For example, I constantly use such a chip to create avatars for contact, mail, forums, etc. A very useful thing.

Suppose you have a photo where there are a lot of undesirable objects and for the avatar you want to cut only yourself.

  1. Open the photo in our favorite photo editor and select a tool. you know which one))).
  2. Now select the point at which we begin to cut out our fragment. And no matter where to start, from above or from below. Hold the left mouse button on this point and drag it to the end point, that is, the area you need should be highlighted. I pulled from the bottom left to the top right. After that, release the mouse. If something is not pleasant, then you can edit and move along different edges. In this photoshop does not limit us.
  3. When you have done everything, then, as you already guessed, press Enter and you have cut out only the fragment you need, which you can save and put on the profile picture.

Like this. It seems to explain everything clearly, but if you have any questions or incomprehensions, then do not be shy and ask.

Also, if you notice, when cropping a photo (image) is divided into 9 parts, i.e. it is separated by 3 vertical and 3 horizontal lines. This effect is called The Rule of Thirds. This rule implies conditional division of the image by three horizontal and three vertical lines. And it is believed that the best focus is not at the center, but at the intersection of these lines.

Many photographers and artists use these rules. So if you want to follow this rule of thirds, then you can shift the image so that the key object is at the intersection of lines.

Aspect ratio cropping

Well, let's tell you about a little trick. By default, cropping is free-floating. Those. it all depends on how you pull the mouse up and down and left and right. It turns out an arbitrary aspect ratio.

But you can set this ratio yourself. To do this, in frame mode, go to the tool properties. There you will see 2 cells with arrows between them. Here you can set the ratio. For example, if you write in the left cell 2, and in the right 1, then the process will occur evenly and the horizontal framing will always be twice as large as the vertical one.

You can also set the ratio from the list of templates. To do this, simply open the drop-down list in the properties of the Frame tool. If you select 1: 1, then the selection will be even and square, if 16: 9, then as you understand, everything will be cropped in this ratio. Hope you get the gist? I think yes.

You can learn more about the frame tool, as well as all other tools in this excellent video course. With it, any beginner can master Photoshop in 1-2 weeks, if given one hour an day. The lessons are simply magnificent, they look excitedly. In general, I highly recommend you.

Well, on this I finish our today's lesson and really hope that you liked it. Do not forget to subscribe to update articles on my blog, then you will be the first to know all the interesting things. See you in the next lesson. Bye Bye!

Proper crop of photos - basic cropping rules

All successful shots are similar in one thing - they convey the idea to the audience, attract attention.

To achieve this, you need to follow a few rules:

  • two-thirds rule. Choosing the borders in the photo editor, you need to visually divide the frame into three parts horizontally and vertically. Important elements of the image should be at the intersection of imaginary lines. This feature is present in most image editors,
  • the horizon should not be littered. To fix it, you can use the orientation change function,
  • in the photo you can and should leave only what you like. The rest is removed. Do it through the function of arbitrary cropping or by setting the desired aspect ratio,
  • to give a sense of movement, some space is left in front of the main objects.

When cropping images in the editor, it is recommended to observe the following proportions:

  • 1: 1 - the shape of the square is suitable for any type of photograph. This format became popular after Instagram spread,
  • 2: 3 or 3: 2- a good solution for portraits,
  • 21: 9 - the format corresponds to the size of the film frame. Sometimes images in this form look good,
  • panorama - nobody limits the size and aspect ratio.

Crop in portraiture - basic rules

Special requirements exist for cropping portraits. The purpose of such manipulations is to make the image of a person more expressive, highlight the eyes, face, show the beauty of the figure.

When cropping portraits, pay attention to the following points:

  • important elements should be at the intersection of lines that visually divide the picture into three parts vertically and horizontally. If the model in the photo is present at full height, additional emphasis can be placed on the waist,
  • it is desirable that the eyes are always in the upper third or at the intersection of imaginary lines dividing the frame into 3 parts,
  • if for sequential shooting it is permissible to trim the feet, hands, feet, then in portrait work you need to be careful not to create the impression of a model’s carelessness and mutilation. If pruning is done, it is better to just above or slightly below the joints. Do not cut your face on the chin,
  • in the event that a person is photographed in profile, or his face is facing away from the camera, space must be left in front of him,
  • empty space should be avoided. It is better to crop the image so that most of it is occupied by the portrait.

How to crop a photo, legs on a photo

A separate conversation is how to transfer or crop your legs in the picture.

It is better to leave the legs caught in the frame and not to trim. They give the picture movement.

If the photo looks plain, you can crop it on the legs, but subject to certain rules:

  • no need to cut them on your knees, feet, fingers,
  • The best cropping option is in the middle of the thigh or below the knee.

Croping photos is an exciting process. So that the picture does not seem messy and meaningless, you need to clearly present its idea and only after that proceed with cropping.

In short:

  • Always shoot in the native aspect ratio for your camera.
  • Crop causes may include:
    • Littered horizon
    • Garbage (extra objects) in the frame,
    • Change the orientation of the image from landscape to portrait, less often vice versa,
    • Change the aspect ratio of the image,
    • More expressive frame layout.
  • To improve the layout of the frame, you can rely on the rule of thirds, or the rule of the golden ratio.
  • For beginners, there are basic cropping rules, especially for portrait cropping.
  • The aspect ratio can be any, but if it’s an idea about a series of frames, it is better to adhere to standard values.
  • Standard values ​​(ratio of width to height):
    • 3: 2 (landscape) / 2: 3 (portrait) (for most cameras),
    • 4: 3/3: 4 (for Olympus cameras and smartphones),
    • 1: 1 (square)
    • 16: 9 (HDTV),
    • 21: 9 (“movie frame”) more about chips of this format,
    • panoramas follow, nothing limits them.
  • Failure to comply with standard values ​​will result in jumping frame borders when viewing, as well as difficulties in choosing the paper size for printing.
  • Crop will reduce the resolution of your image, do not overdo it.
  • If there is free space at the edges of the frame, you can additionally create several versions of photos with different aspect ratios for easier viewing on different devices.
  • If you need to remove an extra object from the frame, then instead of cropping, you can try to cover it up, but in most cases it will be more time-consuming.

How professionals and beginners crop a photo

Both beginners and experienced photographers are faced with the need to crop photos. If beginners are usually guided by their own taste, then professionals by the basic rules of framing. Try to use them and you! This will help to avoid mistakes, as well as make the photo more expressive. In the article we will tell you about the basic nuances of cropping photos, as well as about “PhotoMASTER” - a program in which you can quickly and accurately crop absolutely any image.

Why crop a photo?

The first and perhaps most important benefit of cropping is that with its help you can turn almost any group photo into a portrait of a specific person. The function is also useful if there are objects in the frame that draw the attention of the viewer. If they are near the borders, then just crop the photo and the problem will be immediately solved.

Also, with the help of framing, you can focus on a specific detail, which was lost in the original image, merging with other objects. For example, it can be the eyes or lips of the model, as well as various accessories - bright hairpins, earrings or any other items.

5 golden rules for cropping a portrait

Remember, cropping should not spoil the photo. It should improve it and make it more expressive. When creating portrait photographs, always focus on the eyes of the model. They are the center of your work. If the portrait is full-length, then the emphasis should be shifted to the waist.

Do not cut the crown, as well as the elbows and hands, if they appear in the frame. It looks careless and spoils the photo very much. Compare two crop options:

If there is any movement in the frame, be sure to leave a place for it. In particular, this refers to the view: make sure that it does not rest against the edge of the photo, as in the first of the presented photos:

Do not crop the body over joints. In the case of the knees, for example, it is better to crop the photo either a little higher or a little lower. Otherwise, the picture will become ridiculous.

Keep balance in the photo. Do not leave large empty fragments - it is better to focus on the model. When cropping, move it closer to the center, then the photo will become more balanced.

You have learned all the basic rules for cropping a portrait. And this means only one thing - it is time to move on to practice. Select a photo and upload it to the “PhotoMASTER” program. In the panel on the top, click on the "Tools" section. Select the option “Crop” in the menu on the right and get to work!

Select the Crop option in the right pane.

Why crop a photo?

One of the recipes for a successful shot is a simple tip: remove all unnecessary from the frame. The less visual noise distracts us from the main subject, the more expressively the whole picture is perceived. The problem is that even with studio shooting it is often difficult to keep track of unnecessary objects, in addition, many inexpensive lenses distort the proportions of objects closer to the edge of the frame. Both of these problems can be solved by cropping the image. In addition, cropping the image allows you to adjust the semantic centers of the image, which will make the frame more harmonious.

Step 1. Select a grid

For your convenience, a selection of grids is built into the program that will make the photo cropping process as comfortable, fast and, most important, correct. When working with a portrait, the Golden Rule and Rule of Three options are best suited. When placing the photo, focus on the lines that are on top of the image. The picture will be much more spectacular if the eyes of the model are located at the level of the upper line.

If the model’s gaze is directed to the side, then try to place it next to one of the extreme vertical lines. The photo will become much more dynamic and interesting!

Set a suitable grid

You can also use the Diagonal grid. This principle of constructing a composition is good because it leads the viewer's eye through the whole photo. When using this grid, place all the main elements in the photo diagonally. For example, from the upper right corner to the lower left:

If you want to focus the viewer's attention on something specific in the portrait, then the Golden Spiral grid will help to cope with the task. She is also present in the PhotoMASTER program. Place the fragment of the photo on which you want to emphasize in the center of the spiral. For example, in this case, the nose and eyes of a girl:

Crop in the camera - it's useless

It’s worth starting with the fact that when shooting, it’s better to set the aspect ratio native to your matrix (for Fujifilm this is a 3: 2 ratio). In all other options, the camera simply cuts off parts of an already taken frame, fitting it to other aspect ratios, and losing the frame width at this stage is simply unreasonable.

Where to begin

When parsing photos, at the beginning of the editing process, put the photos where there are problems with the composition and / or with the horizon in a separate folder. You may be wondering how some frames that looked “not very” in the standard aspect ratio ended up looking impressive after the correct cropping.

After opening the image in a graphical editor (example - below), you need to run the Crop tool. The first step is to decide in what aspect ratio we will crop the image. There are 3 options:

  1. Custom format. Просто выделяем ту часть картинки, которая нам нравится, и настраиваем, более тонко перетягивая за границы и углы рамки.
  2. Кадрирование с заданным соотношением сторон. Для этого выбираем соотношение из стандартных в выпадающем списке на верхней панели инструментов, либо вводим желаемое сами. Первое значение – ширина, второе – высота. Это безразмерные величины, они задают соотношение сторон, не влияя напрямую на размер изображения.
  3. Кадрирование с сохранением соотношения сторон. It is convenient if we do not have time to set forced parameters, or we do not know them, but we need to cut off part of the frame while maintaining the proportions. To do this, select the entire image, and crop by moving the corners of the frame with the Shift key held down.

If you need to align the horizon, click the level icon on the upper tool palette with the framing tool activated (a rectangle with an arc of dots above it). All you need to do next is to find a horizontal or vertical object in the photo and holding down the mouse button, connect two points of this object that should be on the same horizontal or vertical axis. After that, the image will rotate and a cropping frame will appear on it, cutting off the rotated corners. Please note that when building a level (especially for vertical objects), one should take into account the distortion of the perspective of the frame, when in the picture the object turns out to be obstructed when moving away from the center of the frame.

To build the compositional center of the frame there are 2 approaches: the rule of thirds, where the semantic accents of the frame are placed at the intersection of lines dividing the image in thirds,

or you can use the Golden Ratio tool. In Photoshop, select it from the drop-down list, where "1/3 Rule" is displayed by default. In Lightroom, to use it from cropping mode, press “O” to scroll through all the overlays until you find the “golden ratio”, then shift + O to scroll through the various orientations.

How to choose aspect ratio for cropping

When cropping, you should focus on which platform and how it will be viewed. For example, for Instagram, the ideal aspect ratio for portrait mode (in which the entire program is oriented) will be 4: 5 (1080 x 1350 or 1: 1.25 ratio), landscape pictures can be left unchanged, or cropped to a square. For YouTube or for demonstrating photos on TV, a 16: 9 aspect ratio is best suited (although some in this case use a 21: 9 cinematic ratio, then on most TVs dark bars will be displayed above and below, but this allows for a more expressive frame). Below is a list of standard image proportions and areas of their application.

Standard values ​​(ratio of width to height):

  • 3: 2 (landscape) / 2: 3 (portrait) - the standard aspect ratio for most cameras with APS-C, FullFrame, and also for film. This aspect ratio coincides with the proportions of photo paper 15x10 and 21x10, which is convenient when printing pictures.
  • 4: 3/3: 4 (for Olympus cameras and smartphones) is another common aspect ratio of the frame, typical for matrices of the Micro 4: 3 system and many smartphones. Many tablets, such as the iPad, have the same aspect ratio.
  • 1: 1 (square) - This image format looks very expressive and makes it easy to compose a series of photos, it became widespread with the advent of Instagram, where for a long time it was the only possible format for publication. Also, photos with this aspect ratio were produced by many Polaroid models.
  • 16: 9 (HDTV) - Examples of this aspect ratio are all modern TVs and most modern smartphones. Representatives of this aspect ratio are the screens HD (1280x720), FullHD (1920x1080), UltraHD (3840 × 2160) and many others. There is also a similar 16:10 format, this aspect ratio is found on many generations of Apple MacBook Pro computers, as well as on many monitors. Resolution options for such screens: 1280x800, 1920x1200, 2880x1080.
  • 21: 9 (“motion pictures”) more about chips of this format, some monitors and “movie fans” have this ratio, we see a picture of this aspect ratio in most movie theaters. it is this aspect ratio that the newfangled 4K format has (4096 × 3072)
  • panoramas follow, nothing limits them except common sense.

Moreover, it is not necessary to focus only on the way of viewing images. The aspect ratio largely forms the perception of the frame, its dynamics, charisma. The main thing in the frame is the idea and expressiveness, all other characteristics, whether it is aspect ratio, noise and sharpness of the image, white balance, mean nothing in comparison with a good picture plot. Panoramas are very convenient to print in photo books for the entire spread, or in large format, and place on the wall. Often, even an ordinary frame can sparkle with new colors when cropping it to the state of a panorama. The viewer ceases to perceive it completely with one glance, and begins to read it, dwelling in more detail on every detail.

Change image orientation

We should also dwell on a change in the orientation of the image from landscape to portrait. Often, especially when traveling, it happens that a frame with a successfully posing person gets an inanimate object that spoils most of the background, or the background itself looks quite boring. You can save a picture by drastically cropping it around the edges, thereby changing the orientation of the frame. Most modern cameras have sufficient matrix resolution so that after changing the orientation of the image by cropping, a sufficiently high-quality picture will be obtained. So from the original landscape picture 6000x4000 (24 MP) you can get a portrait picture with a resolution of 2667x4000 (10.5 MP), which is very good.

Rules for cropping a portrait

There are 3 main recommendations for shooting and cropping a portrait:

  1. Leave space in the direction of movement / view of the model (more space than in the opposite direction). Moreover, the more pronounced the movement, or the direction of the look, the more space for it should remain.
  2. Do not cut the frame over or near joints. This rule is graphically illustrated below. Otherwise, the limb will look unnatural.
  3. If you are not sure how to crop a portrait when shooting, just step back a step, then the borders of the frame can be adjusted in the editor and correctly set the emphasis.

Remember that all "Rules" are conditional

Photography is primarily a creative process, all the rules here are recommendatory in nature. For example, the rule of thirds. It is logical to focus on the eyes when shooting close-up portraits. By the rule of thirds, it turns out that for emphasis in the eyes they should be placed at the intersection of lines. However, most portraits posted in magazines and at exhibitions will have a different layout from the “recommended” one. Wrong? Of course not! Experiment!

Step 2. Set the boundaries

If necessary, use ready-made proportions of photos from the catalog: 1: 1 (square), 16: 9 (cinema), 3: 2 (iPhone), 4: 3 (iPad), 5: 4 and others. If you want to take the initial proportions as a basis, then simply select the appropriate item in the list, then the program will automatically create a frame specifically for your photo. Guided by the rules of cropping the photo, grab the mouse over the highlighted area and move it to the place you need.

Choose the appropriate proportions and specify the place to leave

You can manually change the size of the frame added over the photo: just drag any of the lines in the direction you need, then this border will be immediately corrected. You can also rotate the photo. This function is useful if the image is littered with the horizon and you need to align it.

Change the frame size to fit your needs

Step 3. Save the changes

When the work is completed, click on the "Apply" button. The photo will be cropped instantly. If necessary, you can correct the markup already done: you do not need to cancel the changes made, just return to the Crop menu again and make the desired changes. Further, you can improve the picture: for example, it would be interesting to look at the stylization of a portrait under a retro or drawing.

Now you can easily create a spectacular portrait. After all, all that is needed is to install the PhotoMASTER program on your computer, crop the photo and improve it using other editor tools.