"Games with toys as a means of the full development of the child"
The main attributes of children's games are toys of various kindsthat have a diverse, both positive and negative impact on him.
The game as an independent children's activity is formed in the course of education and training child, it contributes to the development of experience in human activity. A toy in this case, it acts as a kind of standard for those objects, to know the purpose of which and to master the various actions with which to kid.
The toy is important for the development of facial expressions and personality of the child. Therefore, by studying the problem of influence toys on the psyche of a child, Many educators and psychologists were engaged. So, research Kossakovskaya E. A. on games and toysbased on the study of the experience of organizing children's play activities in conditions of public education and in the family, showed that there cannot be the same approach to creation and selection for all ages of toys, and age-specific patterns must be taken into account development gaming activities.
N.K. Krupskaya wrote about the importance toys to familiarize children with the surrounding reality, for their sensory development
Menzheritskaya D.V., a famous teacher in the field of study toysbelieved that a toy helps to educate children in interest in work, contributes to the formation of inquisitiveness, curiosity. Giving children ideas about people of different professions, different nationalities, she at the same time can help to foster a sense of sympathy, respect for them.
A toy - constant satellite child from the first birthdays. It is specially created by an adult for educational purposes in order to prepare the baby for entry into public relations. The main task of adults is to teach baby act with toys.
A toy in all historically epochs was associated with the game - the leading activity in which the typical appearance is formed child: mind, physical and moral qualities. However, specifically - the historical conditions of each era leave an imprint on the content of toys and focus of games.
E. A. Arkin concludes his comparison: children's sustainability toys, its universality, the immutability of its basic forms and the functions performed by it is an obvious fact, and perhaps the evidence of this fact was the reason that researchers did not consider it necessary to dwell on it or emphasize it. It should seem strange that childborn and growing in the culture of the twentieth century, it uses very often as a source of joy and a tool for his development and self-education of the same a toywhich is the property childborn of people who are mentally development close to the inhabitants of the caves, growing in the most primitive existence. And these children of the epochs of mankind so distant from each other show their deep inner closeness by the fact that they not only receive or create controversial toys, but what is even more striking is the fact that they make the same use of them.
Learning about children's play-related behaviors of toys, showed that kids enjoy the greatest success toys - animals In the experiment toys, depicting animals, was chosen by 74% of children. In 1,5 - 2,5 years choose soft toys, bending, from rubber, foam rubber, fabric. Kids are very fond of images of pets, familiar characters of fairy tales, funny characters nursery rhymes: a dog, a cat, a cock and a chicken, a cow and a horse, a pig and a sheep, a duck).
Older guys (2.5 - 3 g.) love to play with plane models depicting animals. The nomenclature for selectivity is expanding significantly. Now the baby prefers wild animals - "Little animals"(wolf, fox, bear, wild boar, hare, tiger, etc.). Attract and exotic animals: elephant, crocodile, hippo "Cough - cough" etc. For babies, the first simple knowledge of animals begins to develop as a result of repeated observation of them. Children notice that all animals have eyes, ears, mouths, paws, they move in space, eat and drink, they are alive.
Older guys (2.5 - 3 years) love to play with plane models depicting animals. The nomenclature for selectivity is expanding significantly. Now the baby prefers wild animals - "Little animals"(wolf, fox, bear, wild boar, hare, tiger, etc.). Attract and exotic animals: elephant, crocodile, hippo "Cough - cough" etc. For babies, the first simple knowledge of animals begins to develop as a result of repeated observation of them. Children notice that all animals have eyes, ears, mouths, paws, they move in space, eat and drink, they are alive.
A toy is an important factor in mental child development. Toys should be free from all properties that in any way could be harmful to health. They must satisfy and develop aesthetic tastewhose rudiments manifest so early in child. And therefore, they must stimulate and encourage the desire child to collective efforts.
The most diverse makings child look for their manifestations and exercises and find them in games, if available baby given material, which can serve at the same time as a stimulus, exciting one or another activity, and a tool with which this activity is carried out and improved.
No doubt everything toys must meet hygiene requirements. Particular attention should be paid to the quality of the paint. of toys. Because child in his early years he is inclined to take everything in his mouth. Paints should not in any way shed and get dirty hands. In any case, you should avoid green paints, which often contain toxic substances.
Toys require, as Locke insisted on this, of known dosage, both qualitatively and quantitatively. Up to a year should be given simultaneously child no more than one toy, from a year to 2 years child can have at the same time 2 toys, then, as his attention spans, the ability to focus and individual drives are determined, the number of toys may be increased. However, even at 4 years of age should not be placed in sight child over 4–5 toys.
Character of toys should change not only depending on age, it should change during the day depending on the state child and preceding pastime.
In the process of studying pedagogical literature on this issue, it was found that neither the teacher nor parents should pedantically regulate the activities of children with toys, should not impose their interests on him and constantly indicate how each item should be handled and what its purpose is.
L. G. Orshansky, who devoted so much love and energy to studying toysquite rightly protests against the despotic desire of adults to introduce into fabrication toys, As in games, their interests, artificial instructiveness justifying their narrowly utilitarian view of the role toys and games. We can conclude that with respect to to toys, as with games, to kid maximum freedom should be provided with constant, if possible, insensibility of control.
Toysas well gamesserve not only means education and self-education, the assimilation of new forms of behavior, but also a kind of manifestation of children's personality.
A toy is a regulator of mental and physiological child development. To child development was timely and comprehensive, toys should be carefully selected. Mankind has been practicing for centuries toysthat would best fit child a certain age and related physical and mental development.
Of all kinds of toyssoft the toy is the latest. Soft toys prototypes of various animals that caring mothers sewed to their children from shreds of fabric, stuffed with cotton, decorated using various skills of needlework, knitting and embroidery, appeared in the 19th century. At the end of the XIX century. wide development got artisanal soft toys on an industrial scale. First of the twentieth century. boom in soft production began of toys and the teddy bear phenomenon arose, because everywhere in the world, the most beloved a toy children and even adults, has become a teddy bear. Soft a toy It is popular today in the 21st century, despite technological progress. Today, children play computer games. games, love Pokémon and Ferby, but the most faithful friend is a battered plush, such a favorite Bear.
Soft toys play a special role for the preschooler, they influence his emotional and moral development. To kid first, an adult helps with everything, from whom he learns to endow the doll with certain positive qualities. Later child he fills the spiritual world the toys on your own and she "behaves" exclusively as needed at the moment her to the owner: she is smart and obedient, affectionate and cheerful, obstinate and stubborn, she is a liar and an incorrigible slut. Child experiences with his doll all the events of his own and alien life in all emotional and moral manifestations accessible to his understanding. Soft a toy act as a substitute for an ideal friend who understands everything and does not remember evil. Therefore, the need for such a toy occurs in every preschooler - not only in girls, but also in boys. A bear, a monkey, a dog, etc., - an object for communication in all manifestations child, a communication partner in the game. Everyone is fine developing child special relationships are established with your doll or animal. Over the years, every child in his own way attached to his a toy, experiencing thanks to her many diverse feelings.
Studies have found that the texture of the material from which the doll or animal is made plays a significant role. Children selectively relate to to toysdepicting the same animal, but with a different texture. Soft, fluffy materials evoke positive emotions, stimulate child to play. Rough, cooling materials, not everyone baby ready to accept. Using the right texture toys in a child are easier to call to a toy little animals are positive emotions: benevolence, sympathy and compassion. The ratio of head and body sizes is also important. toys. It is established that a certain proportion of the figure causes a patronizing attitude. The shortened oval of the face of the doll or the face of the animal, puffy cheeks, a small nose and large eyes are such signs of appearance toys give birth to a child a rush of tender feelings.
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Soft toy games
Announce to the children that plush animals also came to visit on holiday. Sit down the pussies at the children's table and offer to drink tea with sweets together, dress them in toy clothes and arrange fashion shows, listen to funny songs together and watch cartoons, play fun.
The game of hot chairs is well known. In this version, children run in circles with toys in their hands. Each time the music calms down, you should not sit down yourself, quickly put your animals on the chairs. As in the classical rules, the baby whose companion was left without a chair is eliminated from the game.
3.Search for toys
Choose a toy that visually differs from the rest, put it in a secluded place. Hide other plush babies well. Set a timer or turn on the music, let the children begin to search for the main toy. You can split into two teams. Guys can collect all the pussies, but the game ends when a certain plush loss is found.
Put several toys on the table in front of the children (the quantity depends on the age of the children) and ask them to remember the sequence. Let the participants in the game turn away, and at this time you will change the order or remove one or more toys. The task of the team or the child is to guess what exactly has changed.
5.Guess the toy
Put the toy family in a bulk in a bulk bag. In turn, with blindfolds, players pull out one animal. Guessing is given 1-2 minutes to feel the stuffed animal and name what kind of representative of the animal world it is.
6.Find a Teddy Friend
This is a game for the holiday, to which each guest brought his plush toy. Gather all the toy animals together in a toy basket. With blindfolds, the boys feel toys in a heap. Who is the smartest and the fastest to find his soft pet?
And boys and girls just love stuffed animals.Fun games with plush animals for children are a great opportunity to entertain little guests at a children's event. As you have seen, andSoft toy games can be varied and entertaining.
Prepared by Mariana Chornovil
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3. Find a spotted puppy
Maybe you don’t have a toy spotted puppy. This is normal, you can name your game Find a Black Cat, or Purple Giraffe. you got the idea. Pick up one plush little animal that is different from the rest, hide it somewhere. Hide other soft toys. Set a timer, let the children look for the indicated toy. They can collect other toys, but they will win only when it is found specific teddy friend.
4. Musical chairs
Playing musical chairs is simple and familiar to everyone. In this case, children should keep their plush animals in their hands during the game. Whenever music stops, instead of sitting on a chair themselves, they should put their animals on the chairs. As in the traditional game, the player whose animal is left without a chair leaves the game.
5. Guess the animal
Put all the animal toys in a large basket. Place the basket behind the sofa or in a separate room.
In turn, players must go to the basket, close their eyes and randomly pull out the animal. Then they must return to the group and act like this animal (without talking) until someone realizes what kind of animal they are showing.
Let the party guests stand in a circle. Take one of the toys and throw it into the air (in the middle of the circle). Players must keep the toy in the air, beating / throwing to each other. When the animal falls to the floor, the player who threw it (or the player to whom the toy lands closest) leaves the game.
Wolf Zabivak (symbol of the 2018 World Cup).
10. Fashion show
Suitable for those who have doll clothes suitable for plush toys (and more!) The perfect game for a girl's party.
So, we play with a collection of doll clothes and accessories. Have the children dress their animals and then have a fashion show. Make small prizes. Make sure that you have enough categories for the fashion show (the best costume, the best color scheme, the most original accessories, etc.) so that each child can win a prize.
12. Get prizes
Hansa Husky: for those who dream of a real dog.
If you have prepared many small toys as a gift to party guests, you can present them not just like that, but in an original way.
Number all the gift toys, and then draw the squares on the floor / asphalt (you can use colored tape on the floor in the room), arranging them in a circle. Number the squares so that their numbers correspond to the numbers of the toys. If there are a lot of squares, part may remain empty, even though the prizes will not be at all. Turn on the music, let the children walk in circles, stepping on squares. When the music stops, the one on the numbered square wins the corresponding toy. They can then exit the game. Those who found themselves on dummy squares are waiting for the next call, so that each child eventually gets his prize.
And remember - soft toys really help children get acquainted with real animals, they become beloved friends, whom it is so nice to take care of and with which, it turns out, you can play so fun!