The formation of gases in the digestive tract is a normal biological process that constantly occurs in the body. Each person needs to display them in some way. This occurs through the rectum (fart) or through the mouth (belching). If the gases formed in the intestine do not leave it, they are collected in the digestive tract, which leads to bloating and a feeling of discomfort. Although flatulence in most cases is not a sign of disease, but sometimes it indicates their presence. Therefore, if a person has constant bloating, you should tell your doctor about this.
Increased flatulence and abdominal discomfort is one of the main complaints in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Physical activity and diet for IBS with flatulence can significantly alleviate the symptoms of this disease. In adults, from 0.5 l to 2 l of gas is produced every day. Most of it is made up of nitrogen, oxygen and carbon dioxide, which are swallowed with air when eating. Fermentation of products in the large intestine produces hydrogen and methane. All these gases are odorless. An unpleasant odor during flatulence is given by hydrogen sulfide, indole and skatol, which are produced by the decomposition of products in the large intestine.
What foods can cause flatulence?
Foods can be a factor in gas production in the intestines. Not all of them are completely digested in the small intestine, they contain carbohydrates that are poorly absorbed in the human body, which are well broken down by bacteria living in the large intestine, which leads to the formation of gases. Products causing flatulence are:
- Brussels sprouts,
- milk and dairy products,
- starchy foods (potatoes, pasta),
- products with artificial sweeteners,
- bananas, peaches, apricots, pears, apples,
- raisins and melons
- bean products.
Nowadays, many people try to optimize their nutrition and improve their health by eating more fiber. It also helps with constipation. However, this can lead to increased gas formation in the intestines. Fiber is found in whole grains, bran, fresh vegetables and fruits. Flatulence is observed during the first three weeks of a diet rich in fiber, and then the body adapts to such a diet. However, not all people can get used to this diet, since a large amount of fiber can cause constant bloating.
Flatulence and its causes
Like any other discomfort that appears in a person, flatulence has its own reasons. Very often flatulence is one of the symptoms of a disease associated with the gastrointestinal tract. So, the main symptoms of this phenomenon include:
- Bloating, patients notice that the abdomen can swell greatly and increase one and a half times from the original size
- Bursting. A person is constantly tormented by gases
- Rumbling. The most interesting and sometimes fun symptom. Most people with flatulence have a phenomenon such as rumbling in the stomach, which is very difficult to drown out.
- Feeling of heaviness. Due to the fact that a large amount of gas has accumulated in the intestine, a person is simply bursting and he feels a huge burden
- Pain that is cramping
- Pain that may be localized in the right or left hypochondrium. Usually it happens in those places where there is an excess of the colon
Almost always, the accumulation of gases in the intestine causes great discomfort for a person, it becomes difficult for him to concentrate on something, since all thoughts are directed in one direction. If flatulence has become your constant companion, and in some cases drags on for a long time, then you definitely need to contact a specialist for help.
Causes of flatulence
Despite the fact that flatulence is not a dangerous phenomenon, it is worthwhile to dwell in more detail on the reasons for its occurrence. There are several reasons why excess gas can accumulate in the intestines. These include:
- Conversation while eating. Very often people, chewing food, simultaneously talk and, with food, excess air is swallowed, which, as a rule, does not have time to be absorbed into the blood and settles in the intestines, thereby provoking increased gas formation
- Emotional excitability. Scientists have proved that when a person experiences some kind of strong emotion, be it joy, grief, etc., food penetrates the intestine much faster. And, as a rule, such a quick penetration of it there is due to the fact that it is not completely digested
- Poor nutrition, namely quick snacks. Very often, those who quickly chew food suffer from an increased accumulation of gases. Doctors recommend chewing food a little longer and the gases will disappear
- Premenstrual syndrome. Very often one of the symptoms of this syndrome is flatulence
- Frequent constipation. They usually provoke excessive gas formation, and besides, with constipation, the gases do not escape as the body requires
If we talk about products that can cause increased gas formation, then this includes:
- Brown bread, kvass and other foods that can cause fermentation
- Fruits and vegetables, such as apples, cabbage, beans, potatoes, etc.
- Dairy products if a person has lactase deficiency
- Sugar, especially its excessive consumption. Everyone knows that sugar can cause fermentation, and therefore people who have problems with the intestines, it is better not to eat it in large quantities
- Carbonated drinks
Also, flatulence happens if a person has one of the diseases:
- Cirrhosis of the liver
- Pancreas problems
Often, increased gas formation occurs when a person has some kind of intestinal infection. Of course, flatulence is not the main symptom at this time, but often infectious disease doctors say that if there is an infection, especially in children, even the smell of gases can change and become quite unpleasant. This is due to the fact that there is a struggle in the body, and some bacteria cause such a side effect. At the same time, the gases go away with great discomfort, and sometimes even severe pain.
Few people monitor their diet and pay attention to all the symptoms of this discomfort. But still, if you are tormented by constant gas formation, it is better to consult a doctor. It will help to review nutrition and find the true cause of the disease.
Many are interested in the question of how to get rid of gases in the intestines, because this problem is not the most pleasant, and not everyone can endure it for a long time. First of all, the doctor must establish the exact reason why this process occurs in the human body. If the reason has been clarified, then the treatment will consist of three stages:
- Removing the main symptoms. At this stage, prescribe drugs that can quickly relieve spasm in the intestine. In most cases, it is Drotaverin (No-shpa). If flatulence is caused by excessive ingestion of air, then measures must be taken that will contribute to less ingestion of air during meals.
- Pathogenetic therapy. At this stage, people are prescribed drugs that help fight the excessive gas formation in the intestines. Typically, are assigned:
- Sorbents that help remove harmful substances and toxins from the intestines. The most famous sorbents include
- Smectu, Phosphalugel, etc.
- Drugs, the content of enzymes to improve the functioning of the entire digestive system. These include Pancreatinum (or Mezim)
- Drugs that can extinguish the foam, in the form of which gases accumulate in the intestines. They improve the ability of the intestines to absorb them, and also help them to pass quickly. Usually, among such drugs, Espumisan, Bibicol, Simethicone are popular.
- Therapy aimed at eliminating the causes of gas formation. The main thing here is to understand exactly the very reason and choose the right treatment:
- If flatulence is caused by tumors, then surgery is prescribed
- If flatulence is constant and dynamic, then a person is prescribed Cerucal
- If there are problems with the intestinal microflora, then prescribe drugs and lactobacilli that help restore normal flora
- If the cause is constipation, then medications will surely be prescribed that will eliminate it.
One of the safest and most popular drugs for getting rid of gases is Espumisan. He is prescribed even to young children in the first months of life, when they are tormented by severe colic. It should be used only on the recommendation of the attending physician, and also if you know exactly the cause of the discomfort. In any case, only a doctor can prescribe treatment and establish the true cause, after conducting some research. Self-medication is not recommended, because, despite the harmlessness of flatulence, it can be caused by more serious diseases.
Those people who suffer from gas in the intestines are advised to radically revise their nutrition, as often the reason is in it. The lifestyle of modern people makes them often snack, but not healthy food (fast foods, meatballs, etc.), and therefore the number of those suffering from the disease is increasing. If you notice such a problem, it is recommended to exclude products from the diet such as:
- Black bread and butter buns
- Fruits such as oranges, grapefruits, lemons, bananas
- Vegetables such as cabbage, tomatoes, peas
- Legumes, all without exception
- Raisins and Prunes
- Gassed drinks
- Breakfast cereals, which are very popular today
- Chinese cuisine
- Spicy and fatty dishes
- Fat meat
- Alcoholic drinks
Also, it is not recommended to eat raw vegetables, they must be boiled or steamed. In order to improve bowel function, it is recommended to eat more dairy products that help restore the intestinal microflora and help it in the fight against flatulence.
Milk and Dairy Products
With bloating, a common cause is the absence or insufficient amount of lactase in the small intestine, an enzyme that is necessary for the breakdown of lactose. Lactose is a sugar found in milk and other dairy products. When it enters the large intestine, it is broken down by bacteria, causing gas to form.
In addition to medicines, folk remedies for getting rid of gases are very popular. True, they should be used with caution, since they can not always help. The main means of combating gases include:
- A decoction of dill water. This broth is also given to young children. It is necessary to take a tablespoon of dill and pour it with a glass of boiling water, and then let stand for about three hours. After the broth has cooled, it can be consumed. This should be done three times a day an hour before meals, an approximate dose of 100 ml
- Chamomile decoction. It is necessary to purchase chamomile in a pharmacy, take a tablespoon, pour water and boil over a fire for about 10 minutes, then remove from heat and leave for three hours. After this time, the broth needs to be filtered, and take two tablespoons half an hour before meals
- Lemon peel. Only peel the lemon, as it helps to get rid of excess gas.
- Peppermint, namely peppermint tea. For cooking, you need to take any mint tea eye, pour a glass of boiling water and boil for another five minutes. You can drink it as just tea.
It is not difficult to get rid of gases in the intestine; the main thing is to establish the exact cause of their formation. And only a doctor can do that. Therefore, if you want to remove all the symptoms as soon as possible, you need to contact a specialist who will prescribe the exact treatment and save you from flatulence.
The causes of bloating and gas formation and exercise from this ailment - information in the video material:
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Fruits and Sweeteners
The use of foods containing fructose (sugar in fruits and other foods) in large quantities also contributes to flatulence. The small intestine can absorb a limited amount of fructose during the day. If it enters the colon, it is broken down by bacteria with the release of gas. Artificial sweeteners (such as sorbitol) are also poorly absorbed in the digestive tract.
Diet for flatulence
Unfortunately, with bloating, a common cause of flatulence is healthful foods. But everyone will find what they can eat with health benefits and without the formation of an excess of gas in their intestines. Low Carbohydrate Vegetables:
Low Sugar Fruits:
Proteins that do not cause flatulence:
- beef (lean)
- hard cheese
- white chicken
- white meat of turkey.
- cereals - corn, millet, rice,
- non-cereal - quinoa flour is great for baking,
- walnut flour - from almonds, hazelnuts and walnuts,
- rice or corn pasta,
- rice bread
Alternative to milk and dairy products:
- soy milk, cheese (tofu) and desserts,
- almond milk
- rice milk
- soy yogurt.
How to reduce gas formation?
If a person is concerned about flatulence and the doctor has not found any serious illness, the following tips may be helpful:
- You need to visit the dentist to make sure that dentures are well suited to a person.
- You do not need to use chewing gum or suck hard candies (especially those that contain sorbitol).
- It is necessary to abandon carbonated drinks and reduce the amount of foods containing a lot of fructose.
- Avoid the use of dairy products or buy them with already split lactose.
- Exercise (walking, yoga, gymnastics) helps free the intestines from gas.
If symptoms are observed constantly or their severity worsens, you need to see a doctor to make sure that flatulence is not caused by a disease of the digestive tract.